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Vessel Security Search

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As one of the oldest modes of transporting cargo, shipping continues to be very effective and reliable. Engineering innovation have allowed for massive vessels to move large quantities of goods traveling across international waters to multiple countries in a relatively short amount of time. Because of this, ships have become a prime target for a wide range of criminals. Luckily, with proper training and practice, you and your crew can perform your duty to prevent maritime crime. The purpose of this video is to familiarize yourself with threats to the international maritime community and practices in security breach prevention. In this video, you will learn, how to identify maritime security threat. How to execute proper search techniques. Which areas should be searched. And what actions to take when you find a stowaway or a suspicious package. There are various types of marine crimes and they all pose a serious threat to life and property. They can be categorized into two types, the first type is human threat. Examples include maritime piracy, stowaways, human trafficking, portside robbery, and corporate or state espionage. To illegally enter a vessel in port, a criminal might wear a disguise or a costume. They may even provide identification that seems legitimate. Threats involving people, pose a unique challenge and safety risk for the crew as it involves some form of confrontation. It's important to review all company procedures and protocols for dealing with human threat. The second classification is material threat. Examples include smuggled goods, drug trafficking, bombs or explosive devices and equipment tampering or sabotage. An unauthorized person may board and hide a package of controlled substances then leave without detection. Material threats must be handled with extra care, as they may contain hazardous chemicals or may be rigged to explode. Because of this, preventing security breaches is a priority for every crew member. When searching for contraband, explosives or people, you are only to search and report. Avoid engaging any suspicious activity or materials without the explicit consent of your master or Ship Security Officer or SSO. A criminal will more likely board a vessel in port than at sea. Dealing with a security threat such as a stowaway, after a vessel has left port can create significant legal and financial burdens on the company or vessel owner. The ship must be searched prior to departure. When searching, do so quickly. Do not give a stowaway time to hide. First, divide your teams to search areas that they are most familiar with. Second, staff these teams with two or more crew members. The number of search members depends on the size of the space you must search and the number of entrances or exits. Using a number or crew members during the search is necessary as most search techniques are designed to flush out unwanted guests and prevent their escape. In addition, you will need assistance from your coworkers for dealing with perpetrators. Before you enter any area, develop a strategy with your team. Divide the space that you will search into search sectors. Use a visual aid like a ship schematic or your teams combined knowledge of the area to make this plan. Then determine who will search each sector. When you begin your search of an area, remember, the first defense is your senses. Look, listen, and smell before and after you enter a room. It could save your life. When you enter the search area, use search patterns such as a grid or a spiral. A grid search pattern is most useful in open or symmetrical spaces. A spiral pattern is best for flushing out perpetrators hiding in more complex spaces. With the grid pattern divide your search along X, Y, and Z axis to account for the length, width, and height of a space. With a spiral pattern team members should be positioned near each entry to the area, while the rest of the team moves clockwise or counter clockwise towards the center of the area. The spiral technique is effective because it slowly traps perpetrators by controlling the area that they can hide in, while blocking any means of escape. Before entering a space, be as quiet as possible and leave the light settings alone. You do not want to warn your unwanted company that you are coming. Once inside the area, consider where the most effective or damaging spaces might be to hide goods or a bomb. When a search begins, prioritize outside areas first, common areas second and private areas last. Searching the vessel in this manner will slowly close off any chance of finding a new hiding place and force any infiltrators to be revealed. We will start with the bridge then continue downward through the vessel until we finish with the engine room. When searching the bridge, it is important to check areas with sensitive instruments. Look under cabinets where wiring leads to instruments as well as closets and any other storage spaces where bombs, contraband or stowaways might be located. Check any access ways leading to various areas of the ship's superstructure, such as, bridge wings, conning stations, cat walks, lifeboats and exterior fiddly or stack access. In common areas, such as, a crew lounge, break room or galley, the same rules apply. Sweep any cabinets, draws or spaces behind equipment and furniture. Officer and crew cabins are targets for security breaches because most crew do not enter their cabins during their shift. Check under berths for any contraband. Check cabin heads including the shower. The deck is a common place to hide until the vessel is under way. Many deck spaces do not require keys, codes or other security clearances. Examine any possible hiding places between cargo, equipment, or systems located on the deck. This includes operating houses of deck machinery, such as A-frame or boom cranes, deck pumps, tanks, or refrigeration units and various vets or air intake ducting. Do not enter in closed spaces without the approval of the master, and a confined space entry permit. The engine room is one of the most dangerous and likely areas for sabotage and trafficking. Due to the high amount of sensitive equipment, a bomb or a criminal can cause serious damage to a vessel if not prevented. Check around and under main machinery spaces. Other valuable areas include pump rooms, shaft alleys and CO2 tank storage. each hosts a wide range of hiding areas, so pay close attention. Check around plumbing and wiring that may be exposed through the bulkhead. Some stowaways may utilize the rutter or [] trunk to gain access to the ship. Searching the area and setting proper safety measures will reduce the likelihood of a safety breach. Each vessel is unique. Discuss security risk areas that are specific to your vessel and plan to search them accordingly. If you locate a suspicious object, do not touch or move the object. Touching or moving the object could expose crew to hazardous material. If the object is a bomb, motion activation could cause it to explode. The same is true for contraband. Once found, do not leave the object unattended. Have at least one member of the search party remain on guard, while the other reports the find. You are to report the object to your master or ship security officer. Note any details of the object's size, shape, discolorations, grease or oil stains, odor, and any other markings or details. If the object poses an immediate threat, notify all vessel personnel and evacuate the vessel immediately. For dealing with stowaways, the International Maritime Organization, the IMO, has passed strict guidelines for ship crew. Shipping companies and all countries bound under the IMO. These guidelines are outlined in the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code of the ISPS code. If you do catch a stowaway, be cautious when dealing with them. Oftentimes, stowaways are desperate and fear for their life and the consequences of their actions. Be firm and authoritative, but inform them, they will be treated fairly by the crew until they can be properly processed. Make a thorough search in the surrounding areas where the stowaway was found for other possible stowaways. It may also provide additional information such as concealed documents. Transfer the stowaway to your captain. Your captain or ship security officer will know the proper procedures for handling the situation. They will immediately contact the nearest port authority, police, navy, coast guard, or other responsible agency. The stowaway should be photographed and interviewed. The master must gather as much information as possible, including the name of the stowaway, place and date of birth, their nationality, names of family members, address, and any possible documentation that they may have. While the stowaway remains on board, he should be treated fairly, respect his human rights. He should be kept in a secure place at all times and provided access to basic needs. If there is more than one stowaway, they must be kept in separate locations. Make sure to review the ship security plan and follow the proper guidelines for dealing with stowaways and suspicious objects. In this video, you learned, how to identify maritime security threats. How to execute proper search techniques. Which areas should be searched and what actions to take when you find a stowaway or a suspicious package. By practicing regular security drills and safety meetings, you will be well equipped to prevent and handle security breaches and other threats to your vessel and crew. As a seafarer, it is your responsibility to help reduce maritime crime and create a safer work environment.

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Duration: 11 minutes and 48 seconds
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Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
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Views: 6
Posted by: maritimetraining on Jun 14, 2017

Vessel Security Search

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