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Annotated captions of Future by Design 2006 in English

Last Modified By Time Content
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Leonardo da Vinci was a self-taught renaissance man.

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As a scientist, artist and inventor,

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da Vinci's genius led to an unprecedented body of work.

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The drawings he left behind remain as testaments

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to his innovation and originality.

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One of da Vinci's main inhibitions
was the lack of materials

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he needed to transform his concepts into reality.

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Jacque Fresco is also a self-taught
scientist, architect and inventor.

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For his entire life, he has been
deeply committed to investigation,

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insight and innovation.

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A prolific creator and builder,

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Jacque has been redesigning
our entire culture for most of his life.

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While da Vinci needed advanced materials,

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Fresco has lacked access to the
social and political resources needed

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to realize his most far-reaching ideas.

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01:35

AUGUST, 1974

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(Larry King) My guest is an
extraordinary Miamian, Dr. Jacque Fresco.

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I could go through all the things that Dr. Fresco has done.

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He's a social engineer, industrial engineer, designer, inventor,

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was a consultant for Rotorcraft Helicopter,

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director of Scientific Research
Laboratories, Los Angeles,

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designed and copyrighted various items

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ranging from drafting instruments to X-ray units,

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has had works published in The Architectural Records,

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Popular Mechanics, Saturday Review, and has been

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a technical and psychological consultant
of the motion picture industry,

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a member of the air force
design development unit at Wright Field,

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developed the electrostatic anti-icing systems,

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designed prefabricated aluminum houses...

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What does it say on your driver's license?

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What is the occupation?
- Industrial Designer

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- Jacque, do you
- Social Engineer

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- Does it bug you that people,

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when they talk about Jacque Fresco in Miami, say that

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he's someone who's too far ahead of this time? His thinking, is....

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"We're not ready for advanced kind of thinking." Not that type.

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Does it bug you?
- I imagine every creative person in every field

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encounters that sort of problem.
No, it doesn't. I can't afford it.

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There's too many things that are important.

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DocFlix Movies
Presents

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A Film By
William Gazecki

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Future by Design

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Music By
Diane Louie

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Drawings & Model Animations By
Jacque Fresco

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Directed & Narrated By
William Gazecki

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Jacque Fresco is a futurist.

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A futurist is someone for whom all thoughts and actions

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are based upon what tomorrow could be.

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He has been planning for the future since the 1920s.

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Not only is he a philosopher and theorist,

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but an engineer, industrial designer and social planner.

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As a multi-disciplinarian, he has studied everything from theology

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to behaviorism, and from biology to the material sciences.

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Jacque Fresco, doesn't want to just talk about

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what today will be like, tomorrow.

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He has a plan to build an entire new world from the ground up.

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(Gazecki) I'd like to go from

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the time you first started conceiving of drawings.

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- Started drawing? Well, that's very early.

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Eight, nine... eight or nine years old.

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- About the future?
- Yes.

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I was always interested in the future as far back as I can remember.

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There was a motion picture called Metropolis.

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It was different; it took my attention.

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It was the first out-of-the-box type movie.

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It depicted the future as a regimented system,

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which was totally unacceptable,

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but the architecture was interesting and the robotics

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in that film were interesting.

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I drew airplanes and cities of the future,

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underwater cities, floating cities,

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and skyscrapers with landing platforms on them.

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I drew my idea of what a post office ought to be.

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Since the airport was so far from the post office,

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they had a truck deliver that.
I figured, here's these long post offices,

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but why couldn't we land on top,
pick up the mail directly, and fly onward?

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So, I would draw landing platforms on the rooftops of the buildings,

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slightly angular, so the airplane didn't have trouble landing.

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It couldn't be as long, but it would be slowed up by the incline.

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But then on take-off, they would go in reverse.

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Then I tried ships, drawings of passenger/freighter ships,

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then aircraft carriers.

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And I showed it to my principal

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So he said "I'm going to give you a letter."

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And during the summer,

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if you can manage to get to the Bureau of Standards,

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I know a Doctor Dickinson,
who is the chief of the Heat & Power Division.

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And so I went to the Bureau of Standards.

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Dr. Dickinson looked at my drawings and he said,

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"Have you ever heard of Bucky Fuller?"
I said, "No."

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I think I must have been 14, 14 1/2, somewhere around that.

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So he said, "Would you like to meet him?"

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I said, "Yeah, sure. Is he... What is he?"

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He said, "He's an inventor, like you.

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He thinks up a lot of new things."

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Buckminster Fuller was one of the
20th century's most renown futurists.

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Known primarily as the inventor of the Geodesic dome,

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Fuller was a proponent of
using technology with a humanistic approach.

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(Jacque) Dr. Dickinson took me out there to see Fuller.

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And there was Bucky Fuller.

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He was seated there with his car called the Dymaxium.

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I talked to him about social things. I said,

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"What about changing society to some other form,

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whereby all people can benefit from the works of industry?"

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He said, "What do you mean?"
I said, "Well if...

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instead of working people going out on strike,

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give them a piece of the action.

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And so if business improved, they all got automatic pay.

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If it went down, they got less pay."

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So, he sat back and he said,

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"What are you, some kind of social planner?

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Is that what you want to be?"
I said, "I don't know what the name is,

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but I think that would work. It would give people more incentive."

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He says, "Let me tell you something. It's tough enough

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just getting a new automobile out there.

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If you're trying to change society..."

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This was years before he even lectured on things.

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(Gazecki) Albert Einstein once said

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"The problems we have cannot be solved

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at the same level of thinking with which we created them."

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- Did you meet Einstein, Albert Einstein?
- Yes.

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- Where did you get the idea to meet Albert Einstein?

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- I was outside a theater called Radio City

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and I saw a woman come out with grey hair sticking up.

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I said, "It looks like Einstein's sister" to my friends!

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And then Einstein came out. And I think it was his sister.

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I was just kidding about that.

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And I walked over and I said, "Is it possible to meet with you?"

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He said, "Why?"
I said, "I have thousands of questions I want to ask."

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He said, "I live in Princeton, New Jersey."

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- So tell me about the day you went and met him.

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- Well, I went to his home, and it was modest.

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I said that there seems to be harmony in nature.

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"How do you feel about that?"

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He says, "Yes, the universe is lawful,

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but 'harmony', I don't know what you mean by that."

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I said, "Well, when a rat eats insects,

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it may be supporting the rat system,
but what about the insect system?"

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What he did is he used some water from the backyard swamp water,

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and he put it under a microscope and he said, "Look,

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everything is fighting everything else.

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In the human body, everything is fighting everything else.

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In the ocean, big fish eat little fish".

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I didn't really have enough time to sit there with Einstein

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and go through all kinds of things,

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because he didn't seem to be in that area.

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He did (imitating Einstein) "Are you interested in mathematics?"

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(still mocking) Mathematics... are you interested...

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"What boolean geometry means to you?" You know.

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I didn't wanted to get off into that

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because, to me, that would be a sidetrack.

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Mathematics is a tool, just like sociology and anthropology.

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These are all instruments that go into making up the future.

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(Gazecki) When the stock market crashed in 1929,
Jacque was only 13 years old.

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Coming of age during The Great Depression prompted many questions

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for the curious and inquisitive young man.

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Living in New York City, he found the squalor

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and suffering around him difficult to understand.

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The confusion, contradictions and struggles he saw

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left a significant impact on his character.

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(Jacque) Things were so bad, that I had no way of looking at it.

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And I thought the rules of the game were somehow screwed up.

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I went to many different meetings: communist meetings,

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socialist meetings, fascist meetings,

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Mankind United, technocracy,

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to see what the world was teaching, including Eastern philosophy.

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And I wanted to know what people thought, what they wanted,

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why they gelled on one system.

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And that each time a society arrived at a system

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they tend to keep that system.
They didn't even try to go beyond that.

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But in technology, whenever we made anything, we try to surpass it.

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The history of civilization, to me then, was the history of change.

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Social change, human arrangements,

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homes, boats, planes, trains;

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all of them were in the process of social evolution,

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including our language, our outlook, our values, our behavior.

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(Gazecki) As the Depression wore on, Jacque left New York

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and started hitchhiking around the country.

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In his travels he met many interesting and different people,

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most of whom were, like himself, searching for a way of life

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that was fair and equitable.

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Eventually, he ended up traveling to the warm waters

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and primitive islands of Tahiti.

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(Jacque) I wanted to go to the south seas because I liked the idea

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of the natives sharing things; I've read about that.

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Now, the chief, if he had six wives, and you were strange,

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he'd say, "Here's my best wife. Maybe she will please you?"

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They felt their wives gave them so much joy,

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perhaps they'd give a visitor some joy.

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Their thinking about it was different. And that upset...

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It caused me to ponder "gee, that's not the way I saw things.

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Was that the way I saw things,
or was that the way I was indoctrinated?"

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That's when I began to ask those questions.

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How do you know that anything you like makes sense, Jacque?

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What about your own values?
Think about them; maybe they are senseless.

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[Pearl Harbor - December 7, 1941]

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(Gazecki) Concerned that Tahiti would be invaded,

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Jacque returned to the US and joined the army air corps.

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When the war was over, thousands of factories stood idle.

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Their manufacturing capacity no longer needed for wartime production.

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Capitalizing on the tremendous capacity
available for aluminum fabrication,

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Jacque designed and built a house
made entirely from aluminum extrusions.

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The result was an innovative and extremely efficient use

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of time and materials.

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(Jacque) The windows, for example, were put in and then

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extrusions snapped in and set with a seal.

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And so it was very rapid. It took something like twelve minutes

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to put all the windows in.

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Eight hours to put up the building.

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1948, it was unveiled at Warner Bros,

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and there were lines all around the studio.

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Thousands of people had come to see it. And airplanes...

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smoke... written through the sky.

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"Visit The Trend Home at Warner Bros. Studio."

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It was publicized in newspapers. I think the Architectural Record...

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as one of the first mass-produced type homes.

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(Gazecki) Jacque appreciated the challenges
of innovative problem solving.

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As he honed his skills, he became a competent inventor.

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He always had a research lab
and was constantly inventing new products.

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While much of his time was spent pursuing his own interests,

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he was also hired by entrepreneurs to design and fabricate

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specific inventions, working in a very broad array of technologies.

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He invented everything from medical and dental devices

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to 3D motion picture projection systems.

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(Jacque) A guy named Jack Moss was a film producer at the time.

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I met him at Warner Bros. Studios. He came to see the Trend Home.

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And he was awed by everything fitting together so sensibly.

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And he said, "How do you guys think of these things?"

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So, I began to describe how I thought about things.

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Then he found me interesting, and he said

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"Come on out to the house." He had a big estate.

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And he said, "Do you think you can make a movie projector

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that projects 3D images without glasses?"

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So I said, "Yes." He said, "How do you know you can do it?

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You've never done it." And I said, "That's right."

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But if it's a physical phenomenon, I think I can work it out."

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"How are you gonna' do it?" I said, "I don't know yet."

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What I did is, I had many different applications

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which I'd rather not describe in detail.

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But I got 3D imaging different ways.

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And the simplest way was projecting the right and left eye image

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from behind the screen at the right eye and the left eye.

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If you moved over to the side you lost your image.

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And Jack wanted Technicolor to go the rest of the way.

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So he got them to come out and look at it.

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"How do you do that? It's very interesting."

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I said, "We're not at liberty to disclose that

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unless you back the next stage".

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So they said, "Well, how do you maintain visual isolation?"

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I said, "I still can't discuss that with you."

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They looked at it and it was super clear, no lines.

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They said, "That's the best I've seen up to now, but

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it fades at thirty degrees." I said, "Yes, it does."

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"And at a distance it fades, too, as you move back."

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So they said, "Can you do anything about that?" I said, "Yes.

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That's why you're here, to take it to the next stage."

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So, they said, "Look, Jacque, you get rid of the fade

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and you get rid of the distance problem. Then call us."

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So, that died... like the Trend Home died.

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Then I read in the books on inventions how Alexander Graham Bell

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had to make the telephone, before they backed it.

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The Xerox machine had to be made, completely.

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Edison had to make the electric lamp. Nobody backed him

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on the way up, until after he was known.

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(Gazecki) What are these for? What were these all about?

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18:37

These are surgical instruments, aren't they?

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18:40

- Yes, various types, but those are only some of them.

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18:43

You know what a retractor is?
- No

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- It holds the skin open while you're operating.

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These are various types of retractors.

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The purpose of that was to rotate

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the bone so it's in line before you put the prosthesis in.

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It rotates the femur, the upper region of the femur.

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Those are tweezers with holes in them...

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If look at the holes in the front...
to put the sutures through to guide you

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through the muscle. You put it over the muscle and the holes

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are right through the middle of the muscle.
You didn't have to eyeball it.

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- So these are things that you designed...
- Long time ago.

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- Under contract? - Oh, yeah.
- You contracted to design these things?

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- Yes. I did thousands of different things.

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But this doctor took the patents out in his name.

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But that's all right. I didn't know what was out there.

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I didn't know what I wanted to be.

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Since I looked at all things and tried to change all things.

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Wheelchairs, everything. Make them better... you know.

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I found it easy to invent.

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But then, inventions cost money and I didn't have money for patents.

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I used to make thousands of different inventions

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20:01

and just file them away, because I had no money.

ltiofficial 20:01
20:04

I used to spend my savings, whatever I earned,

ltiofficial 20:04
20:07

on what equipment that I needed.

ltiofficial 20:07
20:10

And if I was working on an artificial leg

ltiofficial 20:10
20:13

and I was $200 behind,

ltiofficial 20:13
20:18

I would take my last $200 and work on that.

ltiofficial 20:18
20:20

I'd solve that problem, but then the rent would be due

ltiofficial 20:20
20:23

and the electric bills, and I couldn't pay them.

ltiofficial 20:23
20:27

The auctioneers would be sent in to auction off everything in my lab.

ltiofficial 20:28
20:31

I used to sit back... I couldn't adjust to say

ltiofficial 20:31
20:34

"Well, I've got to set aside $25 for rent,

ltiofficial 20:34
20:37

$200 for this, for a machine..."

ltiofficial 20:37
20:41

I couldn't do that, because I was very near the answers,

ltiofficial 20:41
20:44

and the type of problems I worked on were outside

ltiofficial 20:44
20:47

of the frame of reference of most science.

ltiofficial 20:48
20:52

In a fluorescent tube, you have high voltage moving along,

ltiofficial 20:52
20:55

and you have a transformer that generates it,

ltiofficial 20:55
20:58

and you put a phosphor material that glows.

ltiofficial 20:58
21:03

But the tube is round and the phosphor on that back side does nothing.

ltiofficial 21:03
21:05

It's only the phosphor on the front side.

ltiofficial 21:05
21:09

I want to extrude the tube, so it's elliptical.

ltiofficial 21:09
21:13

You have more light surface in an elliptical tube.

ltiofficial 21:13
21:17

Then I wanted to mirror back, the back of the tube.

ltiofficial 21:17
21:20

Instead of putting a big reflector outside there,

ltiofficial 21:20
21:23

put the mirror inside the tube.

ltiofficial 21:24
21:26

I didn't have the money to make that tube.

ltiofficial 21:26
21:29

Then I said, "What a hell you are making a tube for?"

ltiofficial 21:29
21:33

Why don't you work on a flat sheet of glass
that phosphors; that glows?

ltiofficial 21:33
21:36

Make glass that's electrically conductive.

ltiofficial 21:36
21:40

Well, how do you make non-conductive, electrically conductive?

ltiofficial 21:40
21:44

By putting metallic particles in the glass, and phosphors.

ltiofficial 21:44
21:48

What happens is the electric current would
flow through the glass; animate the phosphors.

ltiofficial 21:48
21:51

You had a flat sheet. You don't want a lamp.

ltiofficial 21:51
21:54

A lamp is only giving light on one side.

ltiofficial 21:54
21:58

I wanted the whole surface to glow.

ltiofficial 21:58
22:00

(Gazecki) Over time, Jacque's ideas about the future

ltiofficial 22:00
22:03

became more well-organized and focused.

ltiofficial 22:03
22:07

Gradually, he began to combine his technological expertise

ltiofficial 22:07
22:10

with what he had learned about human behavior,

ltiofficial 22:10
22:13

sociology and social structure.

ltiofficial 22:13
22:17

(Jacque) I spent so many years improving area by area. I said, "Look,

ltiofficial 22:17
22:21

the whole society is aberrated, the way we do things.

ltiofficial 22:21
22:24

Why not redesign society?

ltiofficial 22:24
22:27

It'd be easier than making all these thousands of products.

ltiofficial 22:27
22:30

(Gazecki) You really decided to re-design the culture...

ltiofficial 22:30
22:33

- Because I couldn't get...

ltiofficial 22:33
22:37

Patchwork didn't work. It wasn't sufficient.

ltiofficial 22:37
22:40

So, they thought I was a communist.

ltiofficial 22:40
22:43

After all, the guy wanted to redesign society. What else?

ltiofficial 22:43
22:46

"The Larry King Show" - August,1974

ltiofficial 22:46
22:50

(Larry King) What is Sociocyberneering?

ltiofficial 22:51
22:55

- Sociocyberneering is a new organization,

ltiofficial 22:55
22:59

and it represents the application of the most sophisticated forms

ltiofficial 23:00
23:04

of science and technology toward problem solving,

ltiofficial 23:04
23:07

so that we can reclaim the environment

ltiofficial 23:07
23:10

which we loused up over the years;

ltiofficial 23:10
23:15

and to build a way of life worthy of man, to humanize society,

ltiofficial 23:15
23:19

to break away from the artificiality, the regimentation

ltiofficial 23:19
23:22

that dominates our society today.

ltiofficial 23:22
23:26

Our society seems torn apart and pulled in many directions.

ltiofficial 23:26
23:29

Sociocyberneering is an approach

ltiofficial 23:29
23:34

at the restructuring of society in humanistic terms.

ltiofficial 23:34
23:36

- Humanistic terms, yes.

ltiofficial 23:40
23:42

(Gazecki) The mission of Sociocyberneering was to build

ltiofficial 23:42
23:44

a residential research center, developing

ltiofficial 23:45
23:48

and demonstrating new technologies and innovative social concepts

ltiofficial 23:48
23:51

within a community setting.

ltiofficial 23:54
23:57

On a barren scrap of land in central Florida,

ltiofficial 23:57
24:01

Jacque and a few friends began to build what is now known as

ltiofficial 24:01
24:07

The Venus Project
named after the tiny nearby village of Venus, Florida.

ltiofficial 24:07
24:12

Occupying some 25 acres, 10 buildings have been constructed.

ltiofficial 24:12
24:17

Each utilizes both design, construction and lifestyle concepts

ltiofficial 24:17
24:22

integral to developing a working model
of harmony and high productivity,

ltiofficial 24:22
24:26

integrating both nature and advanced technology.

ltiofficial 24:26
24:30

Jacque's objective of conducting a complete reassessment and redesign

ltiofficial 24:30
24:35

of our entire culture remains the central focus of his work.

ltiofficial 24:35
24:37

With The Venus Project, he has created an environment

ltiofficial 24:37
24:41

conducive to creativity and innovation.

ltiofficial 24:48
24:50

(Roxanne) When people come here, they're amazed to hear

ltiofficial 24:50
24:52

that this was just a flat tomato patch.

ltiofficial 24:53
24:56

We've dug out streams and ponds

ltiofficial 24:56
24:59

and planted hundreds of palm trees and trees.

ltiofficial 24:59
25:04

We built this land to show
what the outskirts of the city would be like.

ltiofficial 25:04
25:08

We have many buildings here,
but you can't see one building when you're in another.

ltiofficial 25:09
25:12

We really wanted to show how high-tech and nature

ltiofficial 25:12
25:16

could coexist within this environment.

ltiofficial 25:17
25:20

(Gazecki) Jacque and Roxanne have been living on the property

ltiofficial 25:20
25:23

and building The Venus Project since the late 1970s.

ltiofficial 25:24
25:27

The entire time has been a constant process of developing

ltiofficial 25:27
25:30

and implementing new ideas.

ltiofficial 25:31
25:35

Jacque begins with a drawing, then produces a scale model,

ltiofficial 25:36
25:38

and then videotapes his models in order to demonstrate

ltiofficial 25:38
25:41

his concepts for the future.

ltiofficial 25:56
25:59

Although Venus, Florida is relatively isolated

ltiofficial 25:59
26:02

visitors often make the journey to see The Venus Project

ltiofficial 26:02
26:04

and to meet Jacque.

ltiofficial 26:04
26:07

- Joan.
- I'm Margaret. - Hi, Margaret.

ltiofficial 26:07
26:09

I'm not going to remember your names, but...

ltiofficial 26:10
26:14

I'm Jacque. Hi, how are you? Good to see you. How are you?

ltiofficial 26:15
26:19

Have a seat, and then we'll go on with what this is about.

ltiofficial 26:19
26:21

Is everybody here?

ltiofficial 26:22
26:26

So, there was a time when most people believed

ltiofficial 26:26
26:29

that the decisions of the majority

ltiofficial 26:29
26:32

were very close to reality.

ltiofficial 26:32
26:34

But there was also a time when the majority of people

ltiofficial 26:34
26:37

believed the Earth was flat.

ltiofficial 26:37
26:40

And if you asked them whether they were sincere,
they said, "Of course!

ltiofficial 26:40
26:44

You can see it's flat!" So, they'd break a sincerity meter.

ltiofficial 26:44
26:47

But it isn't sincerity that the world needs.

ltiofficial 26:48
26:53

It needs the intelligent management of the Earth's resources.

ltiofficial 26:53
26:57

It's what we don't have. The major contribution

ltiofficial 26:57
27:00

that Future by Design would like to provide is

ltiofficial 27:00
27:04

a method of coping with problems.

ltiofficial 27:04
27:08

Now, you're brought up to believe, I believe this,

ltiofficial 27:09
27:11

that everyone should have a right to their own opinion.

ltiofficial 27:11
27:14

Is that the way you were brought up?
- Yes, sir. - Okay.

ltiofficial 27:14
27:17

When you got everybody going around and giving their opinion

ltiofficial 27:17
27:21

"I'll tell you what's wrong with Jim!"
They've got all kinds of opinions.

ltiofficial 27:21
27:25

But when engineers talk to each other, they don't say, "Believe me."

ltiofficial 27:25
27:27

They say, "See this new metal?

ltiofficial 27:28
27:30

It can hold up 4,000 pounds per square inch."

ltiofficial 27:30
27:34

He puts it in a machine and pulls it apart
and he says, "You're right!"

ltiofficial 27:35
27:39

I would say that the majority of the
people of the world today are unsane.

ltiofficial 27:39
27:41

Not insane, unsane

ltiofficial 27:41
27:45

meaning: having been exposed
to methods of evaluation

ltiofficial 27:45
27:48

that are long rendered obsolete.

ltiofficial 27:48
27:52

Our language in the future will change to a saner language

ltiofficial 27:52
27:54

where we have no argument in it.

ltiofficial 27:54
27:57

They say, "Can there be such a language?" There is!

ltiofficial 27:57
28:02

When engineers talk to each other,
it's not subject to interpretation.

ltiofficial 28:02
28:05

They use math; they use descriptive systems.

ltiofficial 28:05
28:11

If I interpreted what another engineer said
in the way I think he meant it,

ltiofficial 28:11
28:14

you couldn't build bridges. You couldn't build dams

ltiofficial 28:14
28:16

or power transmission lines.

ltiofficial 28:16
28:19

The language has to have meaning.

ltiofficial 28:19
28:22

That's why when a doctor writes a prescription, if he prints it,

ltiofficial 28:22
28:25

it's the same all over the world.

ltiofficial 28:25
28:29

The world I'm talking about is different.

ltiofficial 28:29
28:32

(Roxanne) There aren't too many people that have seen everything

ltiofficial 28:32
28:34

that he's gone through in the past

ltiofficial 28:34
28:36

and come out of it with a certain direction.

ltiofficial 28:37
28:40

And the interesting thing is, too, is that he's not a philosopher

ltiofficial 28:40
28:44

that talks about how the world should be, i.e. his point of view.

ltiofficial 28:44
28:47

He's a technician that understands how it can be built,

ltiofficial 28:47
28:51

and has worked with people
and understands what it takes to change them

ltiofficial 28:52
28:55

and understands what it was that made them that way.

ltiofficial 28:56
28:58

So it's really based on hands-on learning

ltiofficial 28:58
29:01

and not reading something in a book.

ltiofficial 29:01
29:05

He went through the experiences himself

ltiofficial 29:05
29:08

and came out with the conclusions he did

ltiofficial 29:08
29:12

because it was based on actual learning-experience

ltiofficial 29:12
29:14

and experiments.

ltiofficial 29:16
29:21

(Jacque) When an engineer has an idea,
he talks to the computer about his idea.

ltiofficial 29:21
29:25

While they're talking about it,
the integrated computerized system

ltiofficial 29:25
29:28

will take the elements that they're speaking about,

ltiofficial 29:28
29:31

convert the language into imagery,

ltiofficial 29:31
29:33

and the image will turn

ltiofficial 29:34
29:36

and be exposed to all of the people watching

ltiofficial 29:36
29:39

that exhibit and presentation.

ltiofficial 29:39
29:41

They will question the presentation

ltiofficial 29:41
29:44

but the image system will answer the questions

ltiofficial 29:45
29:48

how the buildings are fabricated, how water is supplied,

ltiofficial 29:48
29:52

how it handles earthquakes, or any other question.

ltiofficial 29:52
29:55

Instead of people sitting around asking an individual questions,

ltiofficial 29:55
29:59

the answers are demonstrated inside of

ltiofficial 29:59
30:02

what appears to be a transparent dome.

ltiofficial 30:02
30:06

Ideas are not just verbal, because when you talk verbally,

ltiofficial 30:07
30:10

it does not deliver enough information to people.

ltiofficial 30:10
30:13

A more comprehensive system of communication

ltiofficial 30:13
30:15

is 3-dimensional imaging,

ltiofficial 30:15
30:18

always showing people what you've got in mind,

ltiofficial 30:18
30:22

not what they think you've got in mind.

ltiofficial 30:24
30:28

- Designed with a holographic computer
and built from prefabricated materials

ltiofficial 30:28
30:32

the home of the future will be far more than just a residence.

ltiofficial 30:32
30:34

It will be an element of lifestyle

ltiofficial 30:35
30:39

and will facilitate learning, inspiration and communication.

ltiofficial 30:40
30:44

(Jacque) One of the most interesting
aspects of tomorrow's civilization

ltiofficial 30:44
30:48

will be the fact that if you knew anyone fairly well

ltiofficial 30:48
30:51

and went to visit them in a period of time of just a few years,

ltiofficial 30:51
30:55

their houses will change, because the people living in them change.

ltiofficial 30:55
30:59

Their needs and dimension of knowledge grows considerably

ltiofficial 30:59
31:03

and so will the environment that they live in. There's no such thing

ltiofficial 31:03
31:06

as a fixed home that a person lives in all their lives.

ltiofficial 31:06
31:09

It changes with their values, with their outlook,

ltiofficial 31:09
31:11

with their acquired knowledge.

ltiofficial 31:12
31:13

- You had said one thing about how the buildings

ltiofficial 31:14
31:16

were designed according to function.
-Yes

ltiofficial 31:16
31:20

- The curvature, and the materials, and the...
-Yes

ltiofficial 31:20
31:23

I compare it to natural physiology.

ltiofficial 31:23
31:27

An animal's shape is not designed from the outside in;

ltiofficial 31:28
31:31

it evolves from the inside out.

ltiofficial 31:31
31:35

Whatever you request, the exterior will express

ltiofficial 31:35
31:39

a cover over the shape that you'd prefer to live in.

ltiofficial 31:42
31:45

Some of the buildings that are dome-shaped

ltiofficial 31:45
31:48

can be laid like eggs continuously

ltiofficial 31:48
31:51

by a machine that carries a dome shape.

ltiofficial 31:52
31:54

And in that dome, the exterior

ltiofficial 31:54
31:57

and the interior fabricate at the same time.

ltiofficial 32:03
32:06

Not everyone will choose to live in a dome.

ltiofficial 32:09
32:12

They will choose to live in whatever architectural shape

ltiofficial 32:12
32:14

would meet their needs.

ltiofficial 32:14
32:17

The reason why we suggest a dome

ltiofficial 32:17
32:21

is it uses the minimum amount of materials and

ltiofficial 32:21
32:26

covers the maximum areas and offers maximum strength.

ltiofficial 32:27
32:32

The dome shape is included in almost all of nature.

ltiofficial 32:32
32:36

Your brain is in a dome. The cranial case is in a dome.

ltiofficial 32:36
32:40

When a person says, "Yeah, I don't think I'd want to live in a dome"

ltiofficial 32:40
32:43

you've been living in a dome most of your life.

ltiofficial 32:45
32:47

The interior of the building will have no source of light.

ltiofficial 32:47
32:51

You won't be able to see a lamp or source of light.

ltiofficial 32:51
32:56

All the walls would have even illumination.

ltiofficial 32:56
33:00

You can also specify the color of the illumination.

ltiofficial 33:00
33:04

Either, the entire inner surface or local areas

ltiofficial 33:04
33:08

of different color; if this is your request.

ltiofficial 33:09
33:12

This will be the simplest type of bathroom;

ltiofficial 33:12
33:17

shower, sink, toilet bowl, molded into one system.

ltiofficial 33:18
33:21

Actually, there's no hardware on here.

ltiofficial 33:21
33:25

But there's a slot and the water comes out as a ribbon

ltiofficial 33:25
33:28

and that'll cut the soap off the hand

ltiofficial 33:28
33:31

and use about 1/6th the amount of water.

ltiofficial 33:32
33:34

Now, the waste water from the sink

ltiofficial 33:35
33:38

goes down into a pipe around here
and fills the water closet,

ltiofficial 33:39
33:41

and we flush the john with that water.

ltiofficial 33:41
33:46

Instead of telling people to save water, build the system in.

ltiofficial 33:46
33:49

This is what it's all about, if you wish to conserve water.

ltiofficial 33:50
33:54

The bathrooms may vary from that simple style

ltiofficial 33:54
33:58

to slightly more complex, but all one-piece.

ltiofficial 33:58
34:02

There may be as many as fifty variations on a bathroom.

ltiofficial 34:02
34:06

You pick what you want and then it's installed.

ltiofficial 34:10
34:15

When you leave the building, the entire building is cleaned.

ltiofficial 34:16
34:19

We also have a slight increase in air pressure in the building,

ltiofficial 34:19
34:22

so no dust comes in your house from the outside.

ltiofficial 34:25
34:27

If there's any contaminants in the air

ltiofficial 34:27
34:32

it increases the electrostatic charge, which removes contaminants.

ltiofficial 34:35
34:39

It would be a smart house,
because the house has its own nervous system.

ltiofficial 34:39
34:42

This is what I'm saying.

ltiofficial 34:44
34:48

In the future, houses will have many sensory devices

ltiofficial 34:48
34:51

to detect fire, toxic materials

ltiofficial 34:52
34:54

anything that may threaten the life of a human being.

ltiofficial 34:54
34:56

If you walked into the house of the future

ltiofficial 34:56
34:59

you might say, "Can I use your phone?"

ltiofficial 34:59
35:01

I'd say, "Well, what's a phone?"

ltiofficial 35:01
35:05

You'd just say, "I'd like to talk to Sam in Arabia".

ltiofficial 35:05
35:08

"What part of Arabia?" You just announce what you want,

ltiofficial 35:08
35:10

and the sound would be focused at some point

ltiofficial 35:10
35:15

you are standing, right at your ear, so you can hear Sam in Arabia.

ltiofficial 35:19
35:22

In southern Florida, millions of dollars

ltiofficial 35:22
35:26

in buildings were destroyed by the big hurricane there,

ltiofficial 35:26
35:29

and they'd put up buildings that look just about the same.

ltiofficial 35:29
35:32

If you don't want hurricane damage...

ltiofficial 35:32
35:36

an inverted cone...it's almost impossible

ltiofficial 35:36
35:39

for a whirlwind to pick up an inverted cone.

ltiofficial 35:39
35:41

We would have these shelters built

ltiofficial 35:42
35:45

in the West Indies or wherever hurricanes occur.

ltiofficial 35:45
35:48

Inside would be pull-down bedding,

ltiofficial 35:48
35:51

food storage and emergency water.

ltiofficial 35:51
35:56

This is the kind of form that no vortex or wind can pick up.

ltiofficial 35:56
35:59

Try to pick this up with greasy fingers,

ltiofficial 36:00
36:03

and that's similar to the wind whirling around it.

ltiofficial 36:19
36:22

(Gazecki) For apartment buildings and other large structures,

ltiofficial 36:22
36:25

Jacque has devised a cybernated construction system.

ltiofficial 36:26
36:28

Computer-controlled robots will handle 90%

ltiofficial 36:28
36:32

of the movement and placement of prefabricated components.

ltiofficial 36:33
36:35

Special advanced materials are to be developed,

ltiofficial 36:35
36:39

eliminating waste and minimizing the need for manual labor.

ltiofficial 36:40
36:42

Guided by satellite and using a sophisticated form

ltiofficial 36:42
36:46

of artificial intelligence, the buildings will construct themselves;

ltiofficial 36:47
36:51

a technique Jacque has named "self-erecting structures".

ltiofficial 36:55
37:00

(Jacque) This represents a relatively complex aluminum extrusion.

ltiofficial 37:01
37:03

If you were to take a toothpaste tube

ltiofficial 37:03
37:08

cut the letter "T" in the opening and squeeze the toothpaste

ltiofficial 37:08
37:11

it would come out like the letter "T";

ltiofficial 37:11
37:14

and this is how extrusions are made.

ltiofficial 37:14
37:18

However, in the future, it may be possible

ltiofficial 37:18
37:21

to extrude complete apartment houses,

ltiofficial 37:21
37:24

apartment building units or modules.

ltiofficial 37:27
37:30

This extruder can be faced with different dies

ltiofficial 37:31
37:33

to mold different shapes.

ltiofficial 37:33
37:37

Almost an infinite variety of shapes can be extruded.

ltiofficial 37:37
37:42

So, it would be the apartment of your preference that's extruded.

ltiofficial 37:43
37:47

So, any shape, or almost any extruded shape

ltiofficial 37:47
37:52

can be designed to fit many different architectural arrangements.

ltiofficial 37:56
37:59

This is a transitional type structure

ltiofficial 37:59
38:03

which utilizes cranes to lift the components of the building.

ltiofficial 38:04
38:08

Eventually, the building itself will be part

ltiofficial 38:08
38:10

of the self-erecting structure.

ltiofficial 38:16
38:19

Don't forget all the models that I do are only transitional.

ltiofficial 38:19
38:23

They don't represent the best that man can turn out,

ltiofficial 38:23
38:26

because no one knows what the future will bring.

ltiofficial 38:26
38:31

There's just so many variables that can alter things.

ltiofficial 38:31
38:35

So the models that I make are all transitional.

ltiofficial 38:35
38:38

And many of them are only conceptual; they're not necessarily

ltiofficial 38:38
38:41

what the future might look like.

ltiofficial 38:43
38:46

Let's say they're extrapolations

ltiofficial 38:46
38:49

of taking the present and extrapolating forward.

ltiofficial 38:49
38:52

But we can't go too far forward

ltiofficial 38:52
38:56

because we don't know what new things will come into being.

ltiofficial 39:07
39:10

This looks like a train station.

ltiofficial 39:11
39:14

We hope to phase out the airplane by designing

ltiofficial 39:15
39:18

transportation units that can move up to 2000 miles an hour,

ltiofficial 39:18
39:22

floating on a magnetic repulsive field or an air cushion.

ltiofficial 39:22
39:26

In those huge trains of tomorrow there'll be television,

ltiofficial 39:26
39:29

radio, amusement, art centers, classrooms;

ltiofficial 39:29
39:32

not a group of seats lined up as your trains are today.

ltiofficial 39:32
39:35

If forty or fifty people have to leave the train,

ltiofficial 39:35
39:37

we slow up to a hundred miles an hour

ltiofficial 39:37
39:40

lift off the passenger section or slide it off,

ltiofficial 39:40
39:43

and slide on a section with the passengers getting on.

ltiofficial 39:43
39:45

You don't have to stop the whole plane, or the train.

ltiofficial 39:45
39:48

In the future, we will just shove off those passengers

ltiofficial 39:48
39:50

getting off and that freight leaving.

ltiofficial 39:50
39:53

This is part of the linear acceleration train

ltiofficial 39:53
39:56

that can take you anywhere in the world in just a few hours;

ltiofficial 39:56
40:00

safely, without snow, rain, being lost at sea...

ltiofficial 40:13
40:18

A monorail is one of the methods of transportation.

ltiofficial 40:18
40:21

Some of them can be suspended by magnetic levitation.

ltiofficial 40:22
40:25

Others can use wheels and ride the rails.

ltiofficial 40:28
40:32

This is an aerial perspective of a monorail station

ltiofficial 40:32
40:35

with entrance and exits on the side of the highway.

ltiofficial 40:36
40:38

This is actually a true monorail,

ltiofficial 40:38
40:43

because it is one rail system that supports two trains.

ltiofficial 40:44
40:49

Most monorails aren't really monorail; they consist of two tracks.

ltiofficial 40:49
40:52

This is accomplished on one track.

ltiofficial 41:09
41:13

The vehicles of the future will be highly aerodynamic in shape.

ltiofficial 41:14
41:17

Their shape will permit the minimum amount of skin resistance,

ltiofficial 41:17
41:22

giving you the maximum distance for minimum fuel consumption.

ltiofficial 41:22
41:26

The front end of the car will be equipped with radar or sonar

ltiofficial 41:26
41:29

or other sensory devices that can detect the distance

ltiofficial 41:29
41:34

you are from other vehicles
and maintain that separation automatically.

ltiofficial 41:34
41:39

In other words, on a highway or anywhere where two cars

ltiofficial 41:39
41:42

might hit each other, the electronic sensors

ltiofficial 41:43
41:45

would sense the distance automatically

ltiofficial 41:46
41:50

and keep the cars from side-swiping or making contact at all.

ltiofficial 41:51
41:55

Even if they did and then pinched a slight dent in the car,

ltiofficial 41:55
41:58

the car would be made up of the memory materials;

ltiofficial 41:58
42:00

shape-memory alloys that go back

ltiofficial 42:00
42:03

to their original shape even when dented.

ltiofficial 42:04
42:08

I'm going to take this metal called nitinol.

ltiofficial 42:08
42:12

This wire, or spring, is wound around a mandrel and

ltiofficial 42:12
42:17

heated to a specific temperature and held until it cools.

ltiofficial 42:18
42:22

Then, when you pull it out beyond its elastic limit

ltiofficial 42:22
42:25

so it's not about to return to the spring shape,

ltiofficial 42:25
42:29

and then you form it in many different ways.

ltiofficial 42:29
42:33

If it's heated... I'll put it on this form

ltiofficial 42:33
42:36

so it won't drift away,

ltiofficial 42:36
42:38

and I'm going to heat that metal.

ltiofficial 42:38
42:42

You can watch it return to its original shape.

ltiofficial 42:42
42:44

It's called "shape-memory alloys".

ltiofficial 42:45
42:47

It could be done in plastics, metals,

ltiofficial 42:47
42:50

or any other materials in the future.

ltiofficial 42:50
42:52

Watch how it returns.

ltiofficial 43:02
43:05

Even if there's an area of the car we removed

ltiofficial 43:05
43:09

they can be rebuilt, in other words, automatically,

ltiofficial 43:09
43:14

by the car having a memory system of its configuration,

ltiofficial 43:14
43:17

just like the human body. Just like, perhaps,

ltiofficial 43:17
43:22

in lizards and salamanders and certain types of organisms today

ltiofficial 43:22
43:25

can regenerate parts of their body.

ltiofficial 43:25
43:29

The technology of the future will enable our automotive vehicles

ltiofficial 43:29
43:33

to repair and regenerate damaged areas.

ltiofficial 43:44
43:48

This is a transport unit, or air-suspended unit.

ltiofficial 43:48
43:52

It will travel five or four feet above the ground

ltiofficial 43:52
43:55

and not requiring highways or bridges.

ltiofficial 43:55
43:58

You can turn around by electrodynamic means,

ltiofficial 43:58
44:00

discharging air from the right or the left side,

ltiofficial 44:00
44:06

not by tunneled air paths, but just by attracting or repelling air.

ltiofficial 44:15
44:18

I did this about 65 years ago.

ltiofficial 44:18
44:21

This is what an automobile will look like in the future.

ltiofficial 44:21
44:24

It'll have sensors on it. So, if I got mad at you

ltiofficial 44:24
44:27

and, when I get within a certain distance, the breaks go on.

ltiofficial 44:27
44:30

If I'm backing up and there's a child crossing, the car stops.

ltiofficial 44:31
44:33

No one drowns in a swimming pool, because a net comes up

ltiofficial 44:34
44:36

when you're not home. Is that clear?

ltiofficial 44:36
44:39

If somebody falls in the pool and you're busy cooking...

ltiofficial 44:39
44:42

the child sinks to the bottom, a tight net comes up right away.

ltiofficial 44:42
44:45

What do you want? What kind of world do you want?

ltiofficial 44:46
44:50

What you see here is just glimpses of the future.

ltiofficial 44:51
44:56

So, we'll go and look the place over so you've got a better idea.

ltiofficial 44:58
45:01

That area over there, across the water,

ltiofficial 45:01
45:06

we will build a very large dome like a center for dialogue

ltiofficial 45:06
45:08

to invite different people out here.

ltiofficial 45:42
45:45

This is a freighter with separate sections.

ltiofficial 45:46
45:48

This freighter can deliver this to the Philippines,

ltiofficial 45:49
45:51

drop this off in Hawaii... And so

ltiofficial 45:51
45:54

when all of the freight bays are released

ltiofficial 45:54
45:59

they are propelled automatically to the loading docks.

ltiofficial 45:59
46:02

And then the forward portion of the ship and the rear portion,

ltiofficial 46:02
46:05

which is the propulsion unit, are joined together.

ltiofficial 46:05
46:08

So you always travel at a balanced load;

ltiofficial 46:08
46:11

you never travel with an empty hull back.

ltiofficial 46:11
46:17

Using energy that way conserves millions of gallons of fuel

ltiofficial 46:17
46:21

if you use fuel in a conventional sense.

ltiofficial 46:22
46:27

This is a possible propulsion method. In this instance

ltiofficial 46:27
46:31

water is drawn toward the surface of the ship electrodynamically.

ltiofficial 46:31
46:35

And, in turn, the ship's reaction is forward

ltiofficial 46:35
46:37

away from the pressure toward the rear.

ltiofficial 46:37
46:42

It's like holding a peach pit, and squeezing it, and it moves forward.

ltiofficial 46:42
46:46

It has far less wake,

ltiofficial 46:46
46:48

less water turbulence,

ltiofficial 46:48
46:50

and very little energy consumed.

ltiofficial 46:53
46:55

What you see here is an illustration

ltiofficial 46:55
46:59

of underwater transportation for the future.

ltiofficial 46:59
47:03

At the very leading edge air bubbles will be emitted

ltiofficial 47:03
47:05

very rapidly in front of the unit,

ltiofficial 47:05
47:08

and that will cut down the resistance considerably.

ltiofficial 47:08
47:10

If you were to release thousands of air bubbles

ltiofficial 47:10
47:13

underneath the ship, it would sink,

ltiofficial 47:13
47:17

because the water is less buoyant with the air bubbles in it.

ltiofficial 47:17
47:20

The air bubbles will be a system in the future

ltiofficial 47:20
47:22

for reducing the forward resistance.

ltiofficial 47:24
47:28

Transporting things underwater is much more economical

ltiofficial 47:28
47:31

and offers much less resistance.

ltiofficial 47:31
47:33

When traveling on the surface, you're confronted

ltiofficial 47:33
47:36

with waves and wave motion.

ltiofficial 47:36
47:39

Underwater, you don't have that problem at all.

ltiofficial 47:45
47:49

We talk about civilization as though it's a static state.

ltiofficial 47:49
47:51

There are no civilized people yet.

ltiofficial 47:52
47:55

It's a process that's constantly going on.

ltiofficial 47:55
47:58

We're not civilized. It's an ongoing process;

ltiofficial 47:58
48:02

and so we never become fully civilized.

ltiofficial 48:02
48:05

We'd have to know quite a bit in order to behave

ltiofficial 48:05
48:08

in the most constructive manner.

ltiofficial 48:08
48:11

And that goes for intelligence.

ltiofficial 48:11
48:14

I don't know if I've talked to you about an electrical engineer

ltiofficial 48:14
48:19

of 75 years ago, an intelligent one, couldn't get a job today.

ltiofficial 48:19
48:22

When you're talking about intelligence, what are you talking about?

ltiofficial 48:22
48:25

It's an ongoing process.

ltiofficial 48:25
48:28

That's why there's no such thing as an intelligent person.

ltiofficial 48:28
48:32

There are people that are fairly well-informed in area A and B,

ltiofficial 48:32
48:34

not informed in area C.

ltiofficial 48:34
48:37

When you go on with a word like civilization,

ltiofficial 48:38
48:40

it sounds like something that was attained.

ltiofficial 48:40
48:44

As long as you have war, police, prisons, crime,

ltiofficial 48:45
48:47

you're in the early stages of civilization;

ltiofficial 48:47
48:50

what they call civilization.

ltiofficial 49:07
49:10

This type of helicopter, or aircraft

ltiofficial 49:10
49:13

would have its propulsion unit at the tip of the blades.

ltiofficial 49:14
49:17

They'd be relatively small, high thrust.

ltiofficial 49:18
49:21

The center of the disc, or the passenger compartment

ltiofficial 49:21
49:26

would remain stationary while the blades spun around.

ltiofficial 49:26
49:29

In the event of engine failure,

ltiofficial 49:29
49:33

the blades can automatically gyrate and bring the craft down

ltiofficial 49:33
49:37

not only vertically, but can travel forward by tilting.

ltiofficial 49:42
49:47

You will notice that there are no ailerons or elevators on this plane.

ltiofficial 49:47
49:51

It's operated in a different manner, also by ion propulsion.

ltiofficial 49:51
49:56

Electron discharge is much lighter, much cheaper, much safer,

ltiofficial 49:56
49:59

much faster and less energy consumed.

ltiofficial 50:01
50:03

In the future, by controlling the airflow

ltiofficial 50:04
50:06

over wings and the direction of it,

ltiofficial 50:06
50:11

the need for a rudder will be rendered obsolete.

ltiofficial 50:16
50:19

For individual transportation of small groups,

ltiofficial 50:19
50:22

you have the vertical landing and take-off

ltiofficial 50:22
50:27

VTOL aircraft of the future. They are called "lift fuselage".

ltiofficial 50:27
50:30

The body itself generates the lift

ltiofficial 50:31
50:34

for this type of aircraft. It is propelled electronically,

ltiofficial 50:35
50:38

meaning particles are electrified and discharged

ltiofficial 50:39
50:42

from the rear of the craft; which propel the craft forward.

ltiofficial 50:43
50:48

For hovering, we then eject the same propellant downward

ltiofficial 50:48
50:53

and generate a ring vortex, a whirling vortex beneath the craft.

ltiofficial 50:53
50:58

The control of that vortex determines the speed downward.

ltiofficial 51:10
51:13

We're going over to the model dome where we have models

ltiofficial 51:13
51:17

of future type buildings and how they go together.

ltiofficial 51:23
51:26

Here you have the city system.

ltiofficial 51:26
51:29

I put domes here, but there'll be many variations.

ltiofficial 51:29
51:32

In other words... - What are those?

ltiofficial 51:32
51:35

- These are research centers. This is medicine

ltiofficial 51:35
51:39

agronomy, population designing

ltiofficial 51:39
51:43

improvement of products, energy systems.

ltiofficial 51:43
51:45

Energy in the future will be geothermal, most of it.

ltiofficial 51:45
51:48

You can get that from the earth. There's enough geothermal energy

ltiofficial 51:48
51:52

for thousands of years without worrying about anything.

ltiofficial 51:52
51:56

I'm not talking about solar, wind power or wave power

ltiofficial 51:57
51:59

or tidal power. All that is extra.

ltiofficial 51:59
52:03

There's no shortage of anything except brains in Washington.

ltiofficial 52:04
52:07

- You can't make money from the sun.
- What's that?

ltiofficial 52:07
52:11

- You can't make money from the sun!
- No, you can't. Exactly that.

ltiofficial 52:12
52:16

All these buildings can come apart and be recycled.

ltiofficial 52:17
52:20

Now if you follow me, we'll go to the future.

ltiofficial 52:22
52:26

(Larry King) Alright, let's explore the thinking of Jacque Fresco

ltiofficial 52:26
52:29

and the society he'd like to see.

ltiofficial 52:29
52:31

We'll start with this, and you tell me...

ltiofficial 52:31
52:34

- I'll try to point it out.
- Yeah, you can point right at it.

ltiofficial 52:34
52:38

- Most of the cities are based on natural configurations,

ltiofficial 52:38
52:41

basic designs in nature. The center of the city

ltiofficial 52:41
52:44

the nucleus, will house an electronic computer

ltiofficial 52:44
52:49

which only controls water purification, the atmospheric conditions

ltiofficial 52:49
52:52

that is, it controls air contamination systems,

ltiofficial 52:52
52:55

they maintain safety, they oversee the environment,

ltiofficial 52:56
53:00

maintain ecological balance between animal life and plant life.

ltiofficial 53:00
53:03

The center of the city is a university.

ltiofficial 53:03
53:07

A university that covers all subjects related to man.

ltiofficial 53:07
53:10

There's no courses that are used to exploit

ltiofficial 53:10
53:13

or abuse any other human being.

ltiofficial 53:14
53:17

All repetitious jobs will be phased out.

ltiofficial 53:17
53:20

We feel that machines ought to do the filthy

ltiofficial 53:21
53:23

or the repetitious, or the boring jobs,

ltiofficial 53:23
53:27

that man has to be free to pursue the higher things,

ltiofficial 53:27
53:30

the higher possibilities of man.

ltiofficial 53:34
53:38

(Gazecki) You came up with this idea for a round city.

ltiofficial 53:38
53:41

- A round city. A round governmental branch.

ltiofficial 53:41
53:45

Extending out of it would be the department of agriculture,

ltiofficial 53:45
53:50

education, oceanography; the disciplines.

ltiofficial 53:54
53:57

The circular scheme, or plan, brings each district

ltiofficial 53:57
54:01

closer to the central dome, which contains the medical,

ltiofficial 54:01
54:05

food, shopping, everything else that people need.

ltiofficial 54:05
54:09

The circular arrangement makes it easier to operate

ltiofficial 54:09
54:13

using far less energy than any other system.

ltiofficial 54:13
54:16

If you start at one end of the city and go through the city

ltiofficial 54:16
54:18

you'll always return to the same place.

ltiofficial 54:18
54:21

Whereas in a linear city, if you go to one end,

ltiofficial 54:21
54:24

you have to backtrack to get to the same point.

ltiofficial 54:24
54:28

The circular scheme is, by far, the most efficient.

ltiofficial 54:28
54:30

When cities are contracted in the future,

ltiofficial 54:31
54:35

they will be contracted as a whole, as an entire system.

ltiofficial 54:35
54:39

In that way, all of the parts and components

ltiofficial 54:39
54:42

would be delivered in stages, like sequence one

ltiofficial 54:42
54:45

will be the underground: the heating system,

ltiofficial 54:45
54:50

the electric generators, the piping systems, the recycling systems.

ltiofficial 54:51
54:53

After that, the next layer, which would serve

ltiofficial 54:54
54:58

as the first layer that contains the architecture

ltiofficial 54:58
55:01

the foundations for all the buildings.

ltiofficial 55:01
55:05

After that, the erection of structures up from the foundations,

ltiofficial 55:05
55:08

starting with the central portion of the city

ltiofficial 55:08
55:12

and working its way out to the different radial sectors,

ltiofficial 55:12
55:15

and then out to the final housing sectors,

ltiofficial 55:16
55:21

and then to the agricultural belt, and then to the recreation areas.

ltiofficial 55:22
55:25

The cities themselves are prefabricated.

ltiofficial 55:25
55:30

Most of the elements that comprise the structures of the cities

ltiofficial 55:30
55:32

are interchangeable, interlocking.

ltiofficial 55:32
55:35

They are designed so they can be disassembled

ltiofficial 55:35
55:38

just as they were assembled.

ltiofficial 55:38
55:42

The new cities will be updated continuously.

ltiofficial 55:43
55:46

As the waters are piped into the cities,

ltiofficial 55:46
55:50

they are checked. To whatever extent contamination exists,

ltiofficial 55:51
55:54

the water processing plants evaporate the water,

ltiofficial 55:54
55:57

recondense it and cleanse it.

ltiofficial 55:57
56:01

All waters piped into the city will be monitored constantly

ltiofficial 56:01
56:05

not by a monitoring system, but several monitoring systems.

ltiofficial 56:05
56:08

The same is true of the air above and around the city:

ltiofficial 56:08
56:11

it's constantly monitored.

ltiofficial 56:14
56:18

All of the rooftops are photovoltaic.

ltiofficial 56:18
56:21

All of the skin, outer skin of the building

ltiofficial 56:21
56:24

converts solar radiation into electrical energy.

ltiofficial 56:25
56:29

As we move beyond the third sector

ltiofficial 56:29
56:32

we come to tennis courts, parks.

ltiofficial 56:33
56:37

Beyond that is the residential district, which consists of lakes,

ltiofficial 56:37
56:41

waterfalls, all kinds of beautiful plants throughout the area.

ltiofficial 56:41
56:44

Each house is concealed by plants

ltiofficial 56:45
56:48

so you can't see another building. Some people prefer

ltiofficial 56:48
56:52

as in the next sector, to live in apartment houses.

ltiofficial 56:52
56:56

The apartments have drama groups, recreation, swimming pools,

ltiofficial 56:57
57:00

discussion groups, and so many other facilities.

ltiofficial 57:01
57:04

The disadvantage of living in a private home is you would have to go

ltiofficial 57:04
57:08

to the various places to access the same things.

ltiofficial 57:09
57:12

Instead of motor vehicles in the city

ltiofficial 57:12
57:16

all transportation is carried on by circular conveyors

ltiofficial 57:17
57:19

that we call transveyors.

ltiofficial 57:19
57:23

They move radially, circumferentially and vertically.

ltiofficial 57:24
57:28

They serve the function of elevators, buses, conveyors.

ltiofficial 57:28
57:32

If you wish to go to another city, you can take an elevator

ltiofficial 57:32
57:36

down beneath the central dome, which has Maglev trains, etc.

ltiofficial 57:36
57:38

that will transport you to the center

ltiofficial 57:38
57:42

of any other city or any other region.

ltiofficial 57:43
57:46

There will be no waste products, just as in nature

ltiofficial 57:46
57:48

there are no waste products. All materials

ltiofficial 57:48
57:51

that we would formerly called waste would be recycled

ltiofficial 57:51
57:55

and converted into new products.

ltiofficial 57:57
58:00

When the city hits a certain number of people,

ltiofficial 58:01
58:04

we stop the development and let everything go back to nature

ltiofficial 58:04
58:07

between this and the next city.

ltiofficial 58:12
58:15

It doesn't mean that we can solve all the problems.

ltiofficial 58:15
58:18

We can just design and build a far better environment

ltiofficial 58:18
58:21

to advance all human beings.

ltiofficial 58:29
58:32

Not everybody will live in a dome.

ltiofficial 58:32
58:36

This is different types of architecture; this may be a vacation house.

ltiofficial 58:36
58:39

I don't know what people will choose to live in

ltiofficial 58:39
58:43

but that would be up to each individual.

ltiofficial 58:43
58:46

What we want to do is build cities in the sea.

ltiofficial 58:48
58:50

You pick the city you want to live in. Some of these cities

ltiofficial 58:51
58:54

are for ocean mining. The oceans have tungsten, manganese,

ltiofficial 58:55
58:58

phosphorous; all kinds of chemicals, stuff we may need.

ltiofficial 58:58
59:00

They're made available to all people.

ltiofficial 59:00
59:03

You don't have to worry about being blind in the future.

ltiofficial 59:03
59:06

We design cities so you can hear an open door

ltiofficial 59:07
59:10

and you can sense a table, because you have built-in sensors.

ltiofficial 59:10
59:14

We work on making artificial methods for visual

ltiofficial 59:14
59:17

for everybody, because anybody can lose their eyesight.

ltiofficial 59:17
59:21

There's no more nickels and dimes for medical research.

ltiofficial 59:21
59:25

This is what the army of the future is all about.

ltiofficial 59:29
59:32

There's usually an alligator sleeping down here.

ltiofficial 59:44
59:48

(King) Are you betting that people will not
declare war on each other, so that

ltiofficial 59:48
59:51

you can get at building all of this?
- Well, we don't have much choice.

ltiofficial 59:51
59:54

We're going to destroy each other, or we're going to make it.

ltiofficial 59:55
59:59

-This looks like some sort of submerged stadium with something...

ltiofficial 59:59
1:00:01

- We might build circular cities in the sea,

ltiofficial 1:00:01
1:00:04

where the water is about 30-35 feet deep.

ltiofficial 1:00:05
1:00:09

Most of the apartment houses will open out into the sea.

ltiofficial 1:00:10
1:00:12

You can observe marine life and fish swimming by.

ltiofficial 1:00:13
1:00:15

There will be no zoos, no seaquariums.

ltiofficial 1:00:15
1:00:18

Everything will be observed in natural conditions.

ltiofficial 1:00:19
1:00:22

There will be boating, scuba diving, recreation, and universities

ltiofficial 1:00:22
1:00:25

built in the sea.

ltiofficial 1:00:26
1:00:29

- Are these drawings all made by you?
- Yes.

ltiofficial 1:00:46
1:00:48

(Jacque) This represents a blueprint

ltiofficial 1:00:48
1:00:51

of the basic structure of the city in the sea.

ltiofficial 1:00:51
1:00:55

There are helicopter landing areas on the upper section.

ltiofficial 1:00:55
1:00:58

There are cranes that travel around the entire upper portion

ltiofficial 1:00:58
1:01:03

of the structure. The legs are designed to move up and down

ltiofficial 1:01:03
1:01:06

to support the structure and rest on the sea bed.

ltiofficial 1:01:10
1:01:12

What are these cities in the sea for?

ltiofficial 1:01:12
1:01:15

Some of them represent hospitals

ltiofficial 1:01:15
1:01:18

that can be towed off the coast of Africa or India.

ltiofficial 1:01:19
1:01:21

Instead of sending building materials out there

ltiofficial 1:01:22
1:01:25

and building a hospital, then shipping the equipment out there.

ltiofficial 1:01:25
1:01:28

It's much easier to build a floating hospital,

ltiofficial 1:01:28
1:01:31

tow it off the coast of Africa, use it,

ltiofficial 1:01:31
1:01:34

and by the time the new hospitals are assembled there,

ltiofficial 1:01:34
1:01:36

you can then move this to another region;

ltiofficial 1:01:37
1:01:40

float it to another region.

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1:01:44

Most of the cities will be constructed in dry-docks

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1:01:47

by automated systems.

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1:01:51

After it's complete and the flood-locks are open,

ltiofficial 1:01:52
1:01:57

and it fills with water, there are units that looks like tugboats

ltiofficial 1:01:57
1:02:02

that deliver the cities to the site where they will be located.

ltiofficial 1:02:02
1:02:06

Some will house as many as a million people;

ltiofficial 1:02:06
1:02:10

a series of cities in close proximity, joined together

ltiofficial 1:02:10
1:02:15

by transport systems, that is, tunnels either under the water,

ltiofficial 1:02:16
1:02:19

or above-the-water bridges.

ltiofficial 1:02:27
1:02:30

This is an aerial view

ltiofficial 1:02:30
1:02:34

of one of the many variations of cities in the sea.

ltiofficial 1:02:35
1:02:38

The towers are used for residential occupation.

ltiofficial 1:02:38
1:02:40

The docks surrounding the cities

ltiofficial 1:02:40
1:02:45

are used for marine exploration and redevelopment.

ltiofficial 1:02:45
1:02:49

In other words, to restore the reefs, the damaged reefs.

ltiofficial 1:02:49
1:02:54

The unit in the center is used for hydroponic gardens;

ltiofficial 1:02:54
1:02:57

growing of food without soil.

ltiofficial 1:03:04
1:03:06

Many of the cities in the sea

ltiofficial 1:03:06
1:03:09

will have docking facilities for marine vehicles.

ltiofficial 1:03:10
1:03:12

That means it'll be like an underwater bus

ltiofficial 1:03:13
1:03:17

that would take people around to visit the different areas.

ltiofficial 1:03:17
1:03:20

You'll be able get a very good picture of the ocean

ltiofficial 1:03:20
1:03:25

and how we harness it and use it and preserve it and protect it,

ltiofficial 1:03:26
1:03:29

so that future generations might enjoy the oceans, also.

ltiofficial 1:03:33
1:03:37

This projects above one of the cities under the sea

ltiofficial 1:03:37
1:03:42

with an observation platform and a landing platform on the upper deck.

ltiofficial 1:03:43
1:03:46

At the sea level, there'll be a floating dock system

ltiofficial 1:03:46
1:03:50

that moves with the tide, up and down so boats can dock.

ltiofficial 1:03:50
1:03:54

Then you enter an elevator shaft, which goes to an airlock.

ltiofficial 1:03:54
1:03:58

It takes you to the bottom of the sea, or the sea bed.

ltiofficial 1:03:58
1:04:03

The sea bed is used for observation of reefs and marine life.

ltiofficial 1:04:03
1:04:07

Not only do they monitor the reefs, they restore the reefs

ltiofficial 1:04:07
1:04:10

and change them, rebuild them or redesign them.

ltiofficial 1:04:10
1:04:15

Some day we will be able to control the shape, configuration of reefs

ltiofficial 1:04:15
1:04:18

so they can support more marine life.

ltiofficial 1:04:18
1:04:20

I think humans can add to nature

ltiofficial 1:04:21
1:04:24

and improve it considerably. What will that mean?

ltiofficial 1:04:24
1:04:27

It'll mean a higher standard of living for all people.

ltiofficial 1:04:41
1:04:43

(Roxanne) When he draws these buildings and designs

ltiofficial 1:04:43
1:04:48

he thinks about how they go together, how they're manufactured.

ltiofficial 1:04:48
1:04:52

Some of the drawings I have seen have gone back about 60 years

ltiofficial 1:04:52
1:04:54

and they're just beginning to talk about

ltiofficial 1:04:55
1:04:58

some of these things now as being a possibility.

ltiofficial 1:04:58
1:05:01

You know, in the past people would say: "You'd never be able

ltiofficial 1:05:01
1:05:04

to get to the moon, not in a thousand years!"

ltiofficial 1:05:04
1:05:07

And they'd look up the next day and they're going to the moon.

ltiofficial 1:05:07
1:05:09

When I first met Jacque 25 years ago and he would talk

ltiofficial 1:05:10
1:05:13

to some people about certain inventions,

ltiofficial 1:05:14
1:05:17

they'd say, "You won't see that... not in a thousand years!"

ltiofficial 1:05:17
1:05:22

And ten years later, they'd come out
with it on the cover of Popular Science.

ltiofficial 1:05:27
1:05:30

The whole basis of the technology is to maintain

ltiofficial 1:05:30
1:05:34

a high standard of living. Technology is not worth anything

ltiofficial 1:05:34
1:05:38

unless it improves people's lives.

ltiofficial 1:05:38
1:05:41

Today, people are afraid of science and technology

ltiofficial 1:05:41
1:05:43

because it's so abusive today in so many ways.

ltiofficial 1:05:44
1:05:46

But it's not science and it's not the technology

ltiofficial 1:05:46
1:05:50

we should be wary of; it's the abuse and the misuse of science.

ltiofficial 1:05:50
1:05:53

You can take a rocket and you can shoot it

ltiofficial 1:05:54
1:05:56

into space and explore outer space,

ltiofficial 1:05:56
1:06:00

or you can take it and use it as a bomb and destroy another country.

ltiofficial 1:06:00
1:06:04

The inanimate object, really,

ltiofficial 1:06:05
1:06:07

is in our hands, and what we do with it.

ltiofficial 1:06:08
1:06:13

Science is really the ability to predict the next most probable.

ltiofficial 1:06:13
1:06:15

That's what the real meaning of science is:

ltiofficial 1:06:15
1:06:20

gaining the ability to predict the next most probable.

ltiofficial 1:06:20
1:06:23

When we talk about science, we're talking about a method

ltiofficial 1:06:23
1:06:27

of looking at a situation, a method of evaluation

ltiofficial 1:06:27
1:06:30

that differs from the opinionated system.

ltiofficial 1:06:30
1:06:33

"If you ask me, I'll tell you!"

ltiofficial 1:06:33
1:06:37

The scientific method has no special connection to truth.

ltiofficial 1:06:37
1:06:41

It really has a better way of looking at things

ltiofficial 1:06:41
1:06:43

than the earlier systems,

ltiofficial 1:06:43
1:06:47

where everything was attributed to gods or demons.

ltiofficial 1:06:48
1:06:52

(Gazecki) This is where we get into
applying the scientific method to society.

ltiofficial 1:06:52
1:06:55

-Yes. This is not in a book yet.

ltiofficial 1:06:55
1:06:58

The scientific method applied to society

ltiofficial 1:06:58
1:07:00

is something people don't think about much.

ltiofficial 1:07:00
1:07:03

But if you want to know where the answers may lie,

ltiofficial 1:07:04
1:07:07

it is in the application of the methods of science

ltiofficial 1:07:07
1:07:11

with human concern and environmental concern.

ltiofficial 1:07:11
1:07:14

The Future by Design refers to

ltiofficial 1:07:14
1:07:17

the application of the methods of science, not scientists,

ltiofficial 1:07:17
1:07:20

the methods of science to the social system.

ltiofficial 1:07:20
1:07:24

Naturally, even the methods of science undergo change.

ltiofficial 1:07:24
1:07:27

As they change, so would the future.

ltiofficial 1:07:28
1:07:31

If we use the scientific method throughout the world,

ltiofficial 1:07:31
1:07:34

the probability of war drops to zero.

ltiofficial 1:07:34
1:07:38

The probability of human suffering disappears.

ltiofficial 1:07:38
1:07:41

Deprivation, poverty, crime...

ltiofficial 1:07:41
1:07:45

all those things tend to disappear, because there's no basis for it.

ltiofficial 1:07:52
1:07:56

(Roxanne) Jacque spent a lot of time... before studying people,

ltiofficial 1:07:56
1:07:59

he started studying how animals behave,

ltiofficial 1:07:59
1:08:03

and how to change or predict the behavior of animals,

ltiofficial 1:08:03
1:08:07

and came to the conclusion that it's really the environment

ltiofficial 1:08:07
1:08:11

that changes behavior and enables us to behave the way we do.

ltiofficial 1:08:12
1:08:17

We're not born with prejudice and bigotry and anger and greed.

ltiofficial 1:08:17
1:08:21

It's really generated and nurtured by the environment that we live in.

ltiofficial 1:08:22
1:08:25

That's why we feel that unless you change your environment

ltiofficial 1:08:25
1:08:29

and change the experiences, we'll get the same aberrant behavior

ltiofficial 1:08:29
1:08:33

within people, unless the environment is changed.

ltiofficial 1:08:39
1:08:41

(Jacque) Any culture in the world today

ltiofficial 1:08:42
1:08:44

tries to educate people

ltiofficial 1:08:44
1:08:48

so they'll serve a function in that particular culture.

ltiofficial 1:08:48
1:08:50

In other words, if you're brought up in a Nazi culture,

ltiofficial 1:08:51
1:08:54

the flag waving and the swastika
are the kinds of things they put forth.

ltiofficial 1:08:54
1:08:57

If you're brought up in a primitive tribe,

ltiofficial 1:08:57
1:08:59

handling the javelin and the bow and arrow

ltiofficial 1:08:59
1:09:02

will be the kind of thing that you will be exposed to.

ltiofficial 1:09:02
1:09:04

People are conditioned to serve

ltiofficial 1:09:05
1:09:08

the interests of an established culture.

ltiofficial 1:09:08
1:09:12

Who does that to us? The owners of the institutions:

ltiofficial 1:09:12
1:09:16

The establishment. They give us a value system

ltiofficial 1:09:16
1:09:18

that would support existing structures,

ltiofficial 1:09:19
1:09:23

whether it be religious, non-religious, industrial, military...

ltiofficial 1:09:24
1:09:27

When children say, you know,
"Daddy, what's the greatest country in the world?",

ltiofficial 1:09:27
1:09:29

of course, "Our country is the greatest country in the world."

ltiofficial 1:09:29
1:09:31

"Which god is the right god, Daddy?"

ltiofficial 1:09:31
1:09:34

"Our god! All the other gods are false gods."

ltiofficial 1:09:35
1:09:39

Picture this: a Roman family taking its kids to see the Christians

ltiofficial 1:09:39
1:09:42

being fed to the lions. And the kids are watching

ltiofficial 1:09:42
1:09:45

"Dad, can we come next week to see Christians being fed to lions?"

ltiofficial 1:09:45
1:09:49

Are these kids sick? No! Their value system is distorted.

ltiofficial 1:09:49
1:09:52

So, I'm strictly concerned with the environment

ltiofficial 1:09:53
1:09:55

that people are reared in, raised in.

ltiofficial 1:09:55
1:09:59

And if that environment is altered, so will behavior be altered.

ltiofficial 1:10:00
1:10:04

You reorient the environment and that, in turn, reorients people.

ltiofficial 1:10:04
1:10:08

But if you reorient people without

ltiofficial 1:10:08
1:10:11

touching the environment, it'll slip back.

ltiofficial 1:10:11
1:10:16

So, when you try to think about the future, remember this:

ltiofficial 1:10:16
1:10:18

the process with which you think about things

ltiofficial 1:10:19
1:10:22

is based upon indoctrination, what you're given by your society.

ltiofficial 1:10:22
1:10:25

Your range of thought is limited

ltiofficial 1:10:25
1:10:28

by the dominant values of your society.

ltiofficial 1:10:28
1:10:33

Learning to be flexible in values takes a long time.

ltiofficial 1:10:34
1:10:37

In talking to kids, when I was very young

ltiofficial 1:10:37
1:10:41

I had to be very patient with them if I were to make any progress.

ltiofficial 1:10:41
1:10:43

I talked about the concept of god:

ltiofficial 1:10:44
1:10:47

your concept of god, my concept of god, and his concept of god.

ltiofficial 1:10:47
1:10:50

So different... I wonder what God is really like.

ltiofficial 1:10:50
1:10:53

Or, if there is a god, for that matter.

ltiofficial 1:10:53
1:10:57

And why would god permit war and disease, if he's all-loving?

ltiofficial 1:10:57
1:11:00

It didn't make sense to me... too many clashes.

ltiofficial 1:11:00
1:11:02

I questioned that.

ltiofficial 1:11:03
1:11:05

Of course, I felt a little uncomfortable

ltiofficial 1:11:05
1:11:08

during questioning the concept of god.

ltiofficial 1:11:09
1:11:12

But then, reading about the history and evolution

ltiofficial 1:11:12
1:11:15

of gods - there were many different gods:

ltiofficial 1:11:15
1:11:17

the god of war, the god of peace, the god of love...

ltiofficial 1:11:17
1:11:20

Which was more like the people that invented them.

ltiofficial 1:11:20
1:11:24

They behaved, they got angry, they made sacrifices,

ltiofficial 1:11:25
1:11:28

they created floods when they didn't like the way things were going.

ltiofficial 1:11:28
1:11:32

And this did not come through as superior intelligence.

ltiofficial 1:11:33
1:11:36

Primitive people, going back in time, when they saw lightning,

ltiofficial 1:11:36
1:11:41

they thought that the deity was angry. Why else would it occur?

ltiofficial 1:11:41
1:11:45

When a hurricane swept the land, they got rid of certain people

ltiofficial 1:11:45
1:11:48

in their tribe as a sacrifice, hoping that the gods

ltiofficial 1:11:49
1:11:51

would not produce a second hurricane.

ltiofficial 1:11:51
1:11:53

However, if it did occur again,

ltiofficial 1:11:53
1:11:56

then they sacrificed some of the younger people.

ltiofficial 1:11:56
1:11:58

Rarely would the chief sacrifice himself,

ltiofficial 1:11:58
1:12:02

but he's always got a line of people, ready to sacrifice.

ltiofficial 1:12:02
1:12:05

So, you have that problem with human beings.

ltiofficial 1:12:05
1:12:08

Anything that occurs beyond their comprehension,

ltiofficial 1:12:08
1:12:10

they have to invent an excuse for.

ltiofficial 1:12:10
1:12:13

They have to create gods and demons

ltiofficial 1:12:13
1:12:16

to account for things, because people come

ltiofficial 1:12:16
1:12:18

to the leadership of that community.

ltiofficial 1:12:18
1:12:21

No matter how primitive the tribe, they say:

ltiofficial 1:12:21
1:12:24

"How come bad wind blow people off island?"

ltiofficial 1:12:24
1:12:27

The guy says, "You not behave good!

ltiofficial 1:12:27
1:12:31

You not make not enough contribution to volcano!

ltiofficial 1:12:31
1:12:35

Throw your brother-in-law into volcano, maybe it doesn't erupt then."

ltiofficial 1:12:35
1:12:37

So, if you throw your brother-in-law into the volcano

ltiofficial 1:12:37
1:12:40

and it still erupts, you have to throw your sister-in-law in.

ltiofficial 1:12:40
1:12:44

So you get metaphysics. You get religion.

ltiofficial 1:12:44
1:12:46

You get superstition; "Knock wood".

ltiofficial 1:12:46
1:12:49

Or you wear a rabbit's foot. Just remember

ltiofficial 1:12:49
1:12:53

that the rabbit had four of them; didn't do him any good.

ltiofficial 1:12:53
1:12:56

So on down the line, superstition prevails

ltiofficial 1:12:56
1:12:59

wherever ignorance prevails.

ltiofficial 1:12:59
1:13:02

Myth is a way of saying to the little guy

ltiofficial 1:13:02
1:13:05

working out there in the field when he says

ltiofficial 1:13:05
1:13:08

"What does all this amount to? I never seem to be getting anywhere."

ltiofficial 1:13:10
1:13:13

"When you kick the bucket, everything is there for you.

ltiofficial 1:13:14
1:13:16

If you don't get it in this life,
you'll get it in the next,

ltiofficial 1:13:16
1:13:18

if you remain good."

ltiofficial 1:13:18
1:13:21

The amount of superstition that a culture can absorb

ltiofficial 1:13:21
1:13:26

would be directly proportionate
to the amount of information people have.

ltiofficial 1:13:26
1:13:30

So, in the future, with adequate supply of information,

ltiofficial 1:13:30
1:13:33

more than that which is given today,

ltiofficial 1:13:33
1:13:35

considerably more, you don't have

ltiofficial 1:13:35
1:13:39

"Knock wood", "Today's my lucky day",
"When your number's up, it's up."

ltiofficial 1:13:39
1:13:42

All that will disappear in the future.

ltiofficial 1:13:42
1:13:45

(Roxanne) I look at this as everything he's doing

ltiofficial 1:13:46
1:13:49

as being the utmost in spirituality.

ltiofficial 1:13:49
1:13:53

Instead of looking for a better world later after you die,

ltiofficial 1:13:53
1:13:57

it's really building the types of things that all religious teachings

ltiofficial 1:13:57
1:13:59

talk about here on Earth.

ltiofficial 1:14:00
1:14:02

We don't have to wait until we die for that.

ltiofficial 1:14:02
1:14:04

We can confront our problems today and not wait

ltiofficial 1:14:04
1:14:09

for the Messiah to come with the white robe and change things,

ltiofficial 1:14:09
1:14:11

or not wait until we all go to heaven at a certain time,

ltiofficial 1:14:11
1:14:14

or those believers that go to heaven at a certain time.

ltiofficial 1:14:14
1:14:16

We can deal with the problems today.

ltiofficial 1:14:16
1:14:19

For instance, in religion,

ltiofficial 1:14:20
1:14:22

they put things on the will of god.

ltiofficial 1:14:22
1:14:26

If there's an accident, it's the will of god.

ltiofficial 1:14:26
1:14:30

And it stops you from thinking. It stops you from being innovative.

ltiofficial 1:14:30
1:14:34

It stops you from thinking about, "Well, how do we redesign

ltiofficial 1:14:34
1:14:38

the transportation system so we don't have those problems anymore?"

ltiofficial 1:14:38
1:14:40

So he's worked with priests, and he's worked with religious people

ltiofficial 1:14:40
1:14:44

and kind of expanded their horizons
a bit so they can be more creative.

ltiofficial 1:14:44
1:14:48

They look at the environment that shapes people's behavior,

ltiofficial 1:14:49
1:14:51

and they don't call them "good" or "bad" anymore, they think about

ltiofficial 1:14:51
1:14:54

shaping the environment

ltiofficial 1:14:54
1:14:56

to get more constructive behavior.

ltiofficial 1:14:59
1:15:02

(Jacque) If you were to ask me to redesign the world

ltiofficial 1:15:02
1:15:05

and the way people live, the first thing I would have to do

ltiofficial 1:15:05
1:15:08

is to conduct a survey to find what we have;

ltiofficial 1:15:09
1:15:11

how much water we have,

ltiofficial 1:15:11
1:15:13

how much people we have, how much arable land area.

ltiofficial 1:15:13
1:15:18

After I know that,
then I can base the parameters of design

ltiofficial 1:15:18
1:15:20

on what we have.

ltiofficial 1:15:20
1:15:24

What you really need is an understanding of the Earth's resources

ltiofficial 1:15:25
1:15:29

by agronomists, geologists, geophysicists; people who study the Earth.

ltiofficial 1:15:30
1:15:33

They don't give you their opinion. They say,

ltiofficial 1:15:33
1:15:37

"There's more life in the Antarctic."
That's not an opinion, that's a finding.

ltiofficial 1:15:37
1:15:40

So, in the future, no more opinions.

ltiofficial 1:15:40
1:15:42

"Do you have information in this area?"
"No, I don't."

ltiofficial 1:15:42
1:15:44

"Good! Here's where you might get it."

ltiofficial 1:15:44
1:15:47

Or "Here's how you might go about finding out."

ltiofficial 1:15:47
1:15:51

So I'm saying, "All people need clean air,

ltiofficial 1:15:51
1:15:53

clean water, arable land,

ltiofficial 1:15:53
1:15:56

and a good relationship of language."

ltiofficial 1:15:56
1:16:00

So, I'm not superimposing Fresco's concepts.

ltiofficial 1:16:00
1:16:04

I'm using the Earth as the measure.

ltiofficial 1:16:04
1:16:07

In other words, we have to live in accordance

ltiofficial 1:16:07
1:16:10

with the carrying capacity of the Earth.

ltiofficial 1:16:10
1:16:13

Does that make sense?
- Yes, sir, it does. I keep wondering

ltiofficial 1:16:13
1:16:17

about how drastic a social change this is

ltiofficial 1:16:17
1:16:21

and how totally different our world would be

ltiofficial 1:16:21
1:16:23

and, yeah, how do you get...
- From here to there?

ltiofficial 1:16:23
1:16:26

- people to accept it, yeah.
- Okay, here's how we do it.

ltiofficial 1:16:26
1:16:29

Eventually, all decision-making

ltiofficial 1:16:29
1:16:33

will be transferred to machines. First, people say

ltiofficial 1:16:33
1:16:37

"Well, now, I don't know that I'd like machines making decisions."

ltiofficial 1:16:37
1:16:40

First of all, that's what a scale does. If you go to a butcher shop

ltiofficial 1:16:40
1:16:42

the butcher says "The chicken weighs six pounds."

ltiofficial 1:16:42
1:16:46

Since you're buying it, you say,
"that doesn't look like six pounds to me!"

ltiofficial 1:16:46
1:16:49

So you grab it and say, "I think it weighs about four"
because you're tense

ltiofficial 1:16:49
1:16:52

so it seems to weigh less. Then the scale came in

ltiofficial 1:16:52
1:16:55

and we assigned decision making to the scale.

ltiofficial 1:16:55
1:16:57

Is that right? - So do pilots.
- Yes, sir.

ltiofficial 1:16:57
1:17:00

When they fly, they don't say, "I think I'm a mile and a half high."

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1:17:02

They look at an instrument, and it tells them

ltiofficial 1:17:03
1:17:06

they're 4,203 feet off the ground.

ltiofficial 1:17:06
1:17:10

So, that is decision made by machine,

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1:17:14

because the decision-making by machine is far more accurate.

ltiofficial 1:17:14
1:17:16

Now, the question normal people ask is

ltiofficial 1:17:17
1:17:20

"Yes, but can machine be smarter than the designer?"

ltiofficial 1:17:20
1:17:22

Well, I know a little guy that designed a machine

ltiofficial 1:17:23
1:17:26

to pick up a freight train and empty it. Now, he can't do that.

ltiofficial 1:17:26
1:17:29

Machines are always faster than the designer.

ltiofficial 1:17:29
1:17:32

You ever see a coke bottle machine move on the line?

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1:17:35

The designer, he can't move those bottles.

ltiofficial 1:17:35
1:17:38

What is happening in our societies is we are automating

ltiofficial 1:17:39
1:17:42

more and more decision-making and assigning it to machines.

ltiofficial 1:17:42
1:17:46

Picture a department of agriculture as a setup of computers

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1:17:50

with electrical wiring into the soil.

ltiofficial 1:17:50
1:17:54

So, if the water table drops, that pumps water out there.

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1:17:57

If the nutrients change, it pumps nutrients. You don't need a guy

ltiofficial 1:17:57
1:18:02

out there saying, "Mr. President, we have a drought out here!"

ltiofficial 1:18:02
1:18:04

And the President says, "How bad is it?"

ltiofficial 1:18:04
1:18:07

"Well, there are 5,000 homeless, and in the next three days

ltiofficial 1:18:07
1:18:10

there'll be 15,000 homeless."

ltiofficial 1:18:10
1:18:14

So, the President says, "Hmm." So he flies over

ltiofficial 1:18:14
1:18:18

and he says, "Yes, you do have a drought." So what?

ltiofficial 1:18:18
1:18:21

When you connect up the country, all the computers

ltiofficial 1:18:21
1:18:24

to production, distribution, agriculture...

ltiofficial 1:18:24
1:18:26

you have a nervous system

ltiofficial 1:18:26
1:18:29

which maintains dynamic equilibrium

ltiofficial 1:18:29
1:18:34

in production and distribution of goods and services, without money.

ltiofficial 1:18:34
1:18:37

The government is right above your head there

ltiofficial 1:18:37
1:18:39

if you can turn around to see it. It looks like the globe.

ltiofficial 1:18:40
1:18:44

That globe there makes all the decisions, because it's connected!

ltiofficial 1:18:44
1:18:48

We have satellites around the Earth that project a hologram;

ltiofficial 1:18:49
1:18:51

a virtual image of the Earth.

ltiofficial 1:18:51
1:18:54

So you're looking at the real Earth, in real time.

ltiofficial 1:18:54
1:18:57

So you walk over to the image screens and you talk. You say

ltiofficial 1:18:57
1:19:00

"How many planes are in the air at this instant?"

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1:19:06

The computer will hit a laser spot
all over the world and tell you: "7320".

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1:19:09

Every plane in the air, every hurricane,

ltiofficial 1:19:09
1:19:12

all the conditions all over the Earth... plant diseases...

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1:19:14

No human can do that.

ltiofficial 1:19:14
1:19:17

So we don't need people in government. We need electronics

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1:19:21

in the field, production, distribution, weather...

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1:19:24

So we can look, come at home and find out anything we want to know

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1:19:29

without opinions based on folk-say, or folksy ways.

ltiofficial 1:19:30
1:19:34

(Gazecki) The Future by Design is a self-regulated society

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1:19:37

governed by a cybernated system of supply and demand.

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1:19:40

Political systems are replaced by tabulating

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1:19:43

the input of information from the general population

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1:19:47

and delivering goods and services accordingly.

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1:19:49

The economic system is similarly based

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1:19:52

upon the use of all available resources

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1:19:55

in meeting the needs of the entire culture.

ltiofficial 1:19:56
1:19:58

(Roxanne) When there's a depression or a dip in the economy

ltiofficial 1:19:58
1:20:01

and a lot of people don't have money to buy things,

ltiofficial 1:20:01
1:20:05

there are still goods out there.
There's still the ability to produce them.

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1:20:07

There's still the resources, there's still the farms,

ltiofficial 1:20:07
1:20:09

and people want to work and make things,

ltiofficial 1:20:10
1:20:12

but they don't have the money; they can't buy things.

ltiofficial 1:20:12
1:20:15

So there's something terribly wrong out there. We have

ltiofficial 1:20:15
1:20:19

a great deal of the Earth's population starving and suffering,

ltiofficial 1:20:20
1:20:23

and the resources are there. Our ability to produce is there.

ltiofficial 1:20:23
1:20:27

Our ingenuity is there. Yet, some people have a lot,

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1:20:29

and others don't have anything.

ltiofficial 1:20:30
1:20:33

Today, that's really shameful with our technology.

ltiofficial 1:20:33
1:20:37

It's really very, very abusive and absurd,

ltiofficial 1:20:37
1:20:40

because we have all the technology today

ltiofficial 1:20:40
1:20:43

to produce abundance all over the world for everyone.

ltiofficial 1:20:44
1:20:48

(Jacque) People always ask,
"How much will it cost to put up these new cities?"

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1:20:51

Do we have the resources to do it?

ltiofficial 1:20:51
1:20:53

That's the question,
not "How much does it cost?"

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1:20:56

That's the old question, during the monetary system.

ltiofficial 1:20:57
1:21:00

Money is an invention of convenience

ltiofficial 1:21:00
1:21:03

for purchasing goods and services

ltiofficial 1:21:03
1:21:06

in a scarcity environment. If there's a scarcity

ltiofficial 1:21:06
1:21:10

say, of water, it is prized, and its price is high.

ltiofficial 1:21:10
1:21:14

If we find an abundance, suddenly the earth opens up

ltiofficial 1:21:14
1:21:18

and an abundant supply of fresh water fills every ravine,

ltiofficial 1:21:18
1:21:20

then nobody cares.

ltiofficial 1:21:20
1:21:23

There's only a policeman in front of something

ltiofficial 1:21:24
1:21:26

that people have need for

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1:21:29

and don't have access to, so you put a guard there.

ltiofficial 1:21:29
1:21:32

But if lemon trees or orange trees and apple trees

ltiofficial 1:21:33
1:21:36

grew all over the place, you couldn't sell it.

ltiofficial 1:21:36
1:21:41

Imagine, if you will, if you can, an island of 10,000 people

ltiofficial 1:21:42
1:21:45

with $10 billion on the island available.

ltiofficial 1:21:45
1:21:49

No resources, no arable land, no water

ltiofficial 1:21:49
1:21:53

no fish, you have nothing.

ltiofficial 1:21:53
1:21:56

So what is the real value in the future?

ltiofficial 1:21:56
1:21:58

Resources.

ltiofficial 1:21:58
1:22:03

Now, in a non-monetary based society, a resource-based society,

ltiofficial 1:22:03
1:22:07

people have access to anything that they need,

ltiofficial 1:22:07
1:22:09

somewhat like the public library.

ltiofficial 1:22:10
1:22:14

They can go down and access a camera, or a bicycle, or a wristwatch.

ltiofficial 1:22:14
1:22:19

Anything that they need is available, without a price tag.

ltiofficial 1:22:19
1:22:23

That would mean we must achieve a level of production

ltiofficial 1:22:23
1:22:28

that's so high that scarcity no longer exists.

ltiofficial 1:22:28
1:22:30

Many people wonder what would drive people

ltiofficial 1:22:30
1:22:33

if they have access to all their needs.

ltiofficial 1:22:33
1:22:37

What would happen to incentive? What will motivate people?

ltiofficial 1:22:37
1:22:40

Or, something gained, what's the gain?

ltiofficial 1:22:40
1:22:43

Although the gain is that materials are available,

ltiofficial 1:22:43
1:22:48

what will motivate them on to do better than what they have?

ltiofficial 1:22:48
1:22:52

Need. We will always lack.

ltiofficial 1:22:52
1:22:54

And the fact that we will always lack,

ltiofficial 1:22:54
1:22:57

meaning that we cannot achieve perfection,

ltiofficial 1:22:57
1:23:01

we cannot achieve truly dynamic equilibrium,

ltiofficial 1:23:01
1:23:05

we will always be in some form of disequilibrium.

ltiofficial 1:23:05
1:23:09

With the elimination of scarcity, the essential incentives change

ltiofficial 1:23:09
1:23:12

toward problem solving, in general.

ltiofficial 1:23:13
1:23:18

When nations or groups of people do not have access to resources,

ltiofficial 1:23:18
1:23:21

their behavior is difficult to manage.

ltiofficial 1:23:21
1:23:25

It becomes aberrant, they lose their mental equilibrium,

ltiofficial 1:23:25
1:23:29

they cannot arrive at appropriate conclusions.

ltiofficial 1:23:29
1:23:31

Once people are free, mentally

ltiofficial 1:23:32
1:23:35

of debt, obligation, servitude,

ltiofficial 1:23:36
1:23:38

then they can seek new horizons

ltiofficial 1:23:38
1:23:42

that they've never even dreamt possible before.

ltiofficial 1:23:46
1:23:50

(Gazecki) The core mechanism of
democratic process in the Future by Design

ltiofficial 1:23:50
1:23:53

is the use of public exhibition halls.

ltiofficial 1:23:54
1:23:57

With the exhibition hall, everyone has the opportunity to participate

ltiofficial 1:23:57
1:24:02

in establishing the priorities with which the society is governed.

ltiofficial 1:24:04
1:24:08

- So, just like a world fair,
to show you what's new, what is available

ltiofficial 1:24:08
1:24:11

you look around and say, "I'd like one of those"

ltiofficial 1:24:12
1:24:15

or, "I can use that sort of thing in my kitchen", whatever it is.

ltiofficial 1:24:16
1:24:19

And then they always invite comment, or something new comes up

ltiofficial 1:24:19
1:24:22

"What do you think about it? Do you feel it's efficient?

ltiofficial 1:24:22
1:24:26

Do you feel there's shortcomings? Enter into your computer

ltiofficial 1:24:26
1:24:31

your point of view regarding this, so you have a built-in democracy.

ltiofficial 1:24:31
1:24:36

You have a participatory culture where all people participate,

ltiofficial 1:24:36
1:24:39

and that is in a constant process, so that people

ltiofficial 1:24:39
1:24:42

will know up to the minute what is coming out,

ltiofficial 1:24:42
1:24:46

what exists, what is available, what is not available.

ltiofficial 1:24:46
1:24:50

In other words, there'll be many bulletins and many publications

ltiofficial 1:24:50
1:24:53

and visualizations of what is needed.

ltiofficial 1:24:53
1:24:56

So, all the world's people will be informed constantly

ltiofficial 1:24:56
1:24:58

of what we don't know, what is needed badly

ltiofficial 1:24:59
1:25:02

and asking for suggestions and papers

ltiofficial 1:25:02
1:25:05

and ideas from everybody.

ltiofficial 1:25:08
1:25:10

I just want to say this to you, that all the marvels

ltiofficial 1:25:11
1:25:14

and wonders of technology can amount to nothing,

ltiofficial 1:25:14
1:25:18

unless it elevates humans to their highest potential.

ltiofficial 1:25:18
1:25:22

This is the aim of the Future by Design.

ltiofficial 1:25:39
1:25:44

(Roxanne) Jacque continues to invent everyday;
to invent, to write, to work.

ltiofficial 1:25:44
1:25:49

He has a zest for life that keeps him going and keeps him working.

ltiofficial 1:25:49
1:25:52

And he's interested in things. He's interested in

ltiofficial 1:25:52
1:25:55

what happens out there and how this will play out

ltiofficial 1:25:55
1:25:58

and how it'll turn out, while very much wanting

ltiofficial 1:25:58
1:26:03

to introduce this direction to the world. So that's his prime focus.

ltiofficial 1:26:03
1:26:07

And he does that in every way he can, by actually showing

ltiofficial 1:26:07
1:26:09

it's not enough to just tell what the future will be like,

ltiofficial 1:26:09
1:26:12

but to show what people are missing.

ltiofficial 1:26:12
1:26:14

He keeps coming up with new ideas, new inventions,

ltiofficial 1:26:15
1:26:17

new designs, improves what he has,

ltiofficial 1:26:17
1:26:21

represents them better, makes more models, makes more videos.

ltiofficial 1:26:21
1:26:25

He's relentless at trying to get these ideas out.

ltiofficial 1:26:25
1:26:30

I think he fears where society is now. It's not acceptable to him.

ltiofficial 1:26:30
1:26:35

But, instead of just complaining, he wants to propose an alternative.

ltiofficial 1:26:35
1:26:38

(Jacque) When people say,
"Are you trying to build a perfect society?"

ltiofficial 1:26:38
1:26:42

I have no notions of a perfect society.
I don't know what that means.

ltiofficial 1:26:42
1:26:45

I know we can do much better than what we've got.

ltiofficial 1:26:45
1:26:46

I'm no Utopian.

ltiofficial 1:26:47
1:26:49

I'm not a humanist who would like to see

ltiofficial 1:26:49
1:26:51

everybody living in warmth and harmony.

ltiofficial 1:26:51
1:26:54

I know that if we don't live that way, we'll kill each other

ltiofficial 1:26:54
1:26:58

and destroy the Earth. We're a crude form of life right now,

ltiofficial 1:26:59
1:27:02

in the evolutionary stages. Our civilization...

ltiofficial 1:27:02
1:27:05

really we're not even civilized yet.

ltiofficial 1:27:05
1:27:07

So, after the world joins together

ltiofficial 1:27:08
1:27:12

and we are through with military systems, prisons, torture,

ltiofficial 1:27:12
1:27:16

hunger, poverty, deprivation... When that is gone,

ltiofficial 1:27:16
1:27:19

that'll be the beginning of the civilized world.

ltiofficial 1:27:19
1:27:22

We are not there yet.