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Microfinanciar el procomun: Olivier Schulbaum at TEDxMadrid

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I've really come here to co-sell shoes. Can you see them OK? These aren't just any shoes, these are 'open source' shoes these are 'open source' shoes They can be bought exclusively via a collective finance 'crowd funding' campaign. 'crowd funding' campaign. Which was successful in this case: which allowed this prototype to be made into a real product. to be made into a real product. Can you please lower the music? A little, OK. What does that mean? That, whoever has invested 25€...50€ in this project, makes it possible for other people to simply download the plan for these shoes and make them. It's one thing to buy it collectively, because via the platform you are part of a community. You make the shoes you modify them, you make them better - this is open design. Another thing is if you have an uncle who's been a craftsman all his life: a carpinter, a shoemaker, who has an old wood cutting machine which can be hacked a little to make a laser cutting machine something a bit more advanced with the help of a Fab Lab [fabrication laboratory] which you have by your side you can make a microcompany a little cooperative inviting local designers well, basically - to sell a product for example shoes: on request or made to measure. shoes: on request or made to measure. Oh, I feel a bit... This isn't a fairytale This isn't Cinderella - I'm not looking for a girlfriend. OK? Well, if I find her, she'd have to be open source too. Sorry for making you suffer, but I did warn you. This is important. This lovely music that we're hearing. Can you put the volume up a little? Thanks! This CD goes on sale today. It's from a group from Madrid - Freedonia. It has also been co-financed thanks to the contributions of 250 people who have already received this CD and have made it possible for this group to record and decide the level of freedom that they want to apply to their music. That means to use 'creative commons' licensing So that all of us can also download this music. We can remix it. And this is a bit so that you can see that the commons the 'common good' it sounds coarse to say it well, it's got a lot of soul. well, it's got a lot of soul. We've come this far. That means that now we have to start dancing, don't we? on the common good, right? We can have a party together. Thanks - you can switch off the music now. I've come here to share this - this idea - 'we're sorry, we're open'. An open sector exists - it's no the fashion design sector or engineering, or self propulsion. It's a sector of sectors: transversal. This is the scene. Now we have these laboratories for digital fabrication where I can.... it's very small on the screen. This is where they're making shoes at this very moment. I don't know if you've seen it. Here's David Benque's work that I love - he proposes this scenario: that the factories return to the city because we're all small producers we can all create associations and consumer cooperatives and producer cooperatives and begin to work in this open sector. and it's worth promoting investing in this 'open'. In these last months, a cosmology, a series of projects have been created via collective financiation as we understand it, looking for this 'open' DNA looking for this 'open' DNA One of the key examples of this and Aarón will speak about this this afternoon the 'open source' tractor which is one of the 40 machines that they propose. where we see that this same scene can be exported to rural zones too in 'open source' farms. OK? The is a project which has used collective finance, for example, to make things happen. And also, what are we talking about? Land. The common good is not just about 'creative commons' licences so that you can download music If we don't recover the sense of the common good - the collective management of the land as opposed to private management, the privatization of the land. We're back in medieval England....... And here we are, working this land with 'open source' tools in this case, based on 'open hardware'. One more, another common good: the sea. Another project which has also been a collective finance success is this underwater robot for exploring submarine worlds and which has an educational mission which is also important. Another example: a citizens' network where each member can generate and share data about the state of the contamination of the air around their home and the noise pollution. All of the data is shared and it allows measures to be very, very local. It is a network, a project which has taken place and which is based on this little micro revolution called Arduino. Another project which uses Arduino: and there we're talking about extending the common good to the limit: after the land, the sea and the air, all that's left is space exploration. Don't you think? Let's demand it: we have to 'Occupy' space, don't we? It's a public space well, let's go up a little? Why not? This too is a satellite project based on Arduino and on the philosophy 'open source'. OK? Let's lower our sights a little now. let's go back to the context happening here in Spain. What's the status of the situation? Why did we decide to work on this issue and train future entrepreneurs and those companies which are beginning to generate the common good and to think about collective benefits? In opening their projects, opening that can, in forgetting about how the patents structure works. This is our mission but this mission without taboo has to be linked to the search for finance. This is important because we cannot miss this opportunity - if 'crowd funding' is to be a phenomenon, and it already is: this isn't enough -we can't miss the chance of having the 'crowd' in the funding and not have it in the benefits in the collective benefits. That's the model we're looking for and working on. Open that can - What's the most important element here? The citizens who finance these projects who decide that it's necessary to invest there because they touch the community. What's the status? We're not in the USA, here are the figures, in 9 months we can..... we managed to get 12000 citizens to make small contributions of between 1 and 600 € OK? And that total is around 300 000€ in a few months. No public administration or private company really invests in this: In prototype projects, social innovation focused on common good. This is the type of project that we help to grow. What's it based on? On these small contributions that we call 'irrigation'. that we call 'irrigation'. With small drops you can make a river. We have called it 'irrigation capital'. Which is spelled wrongly - isn't it? Really, it's serious now - this is the mission the citizens' irrigation capital has to make the irrigation capital of some companies and of the public administration - which also plays an important part in the training of new entrepreneurs, with new DNA, but also to multiply the contributions of the citizens. This is the model that we're working now. In what can we invest the irrigation capital? In putting out fires, another metaphor. This is a project which reached the proposed minimum finance only 2 days ago. It's brought in almost 5000€ for theCivio foundation, which works on data journalism and transparency. OK? other platforms take the fire problem from a solidarity point of view 'Let's collect money to plant trees'. That's very good, but it's not sufficient. We have to look at the root of the problem. And the root of the problem is which is what the Civio foundation did - make a citizens' lobby to get the Ministry of Agriculture and the Environment to release the data concerning the fires from the last 10 years. And how can they do it? Because the Civio foundation has experts who clean the data so that it can be visualized on maps. So that it's useful and used for journalistic investigations: data journalism. Because no one helps us to visualize the effects of these fires. OK? This is closely related to the common good: well, because one of the tasks... because in our finance model what we want to do has to be completely transparent with the costs. No other platform does this - I don't know why - it's not complicated. One of these costs is dedicated to investigating specific topics OK? One of those is to know how many of these forests are common good and how many are private. And one of the things which we see on these maps is that 80 of these forests are private and they don't comply with their responsiblities - clean the wood - forest management tasks OK? With this project we can begin to investigate more. And get to the root of the issue. OK? Another brilliant campaign and I think it's unique. When the citizens organize themselves in order to take legal action against the impunity of the banks. OK? This was the most amazing campaign. In 24 hours it met the limit that had been proposed. And the driving force behind the project decided to close the campaign. When normally you have 40 days to collect money. They did not want to play the same game as those that they criticize. I mean, to accumulate - with no sense. Here we know how this money is to be spent. Basically, in having lawyers work on behalf of the citizens. The creation of a strong community which allows us to make noise and to be understood and to be seen. And in the end we got to the common good quickly. The lawsuit is accepted. [applause] But there is a wealth of projects too which plan to change the way in which we organize ourselves and produce. I will quickly go through some projects. One is 'Infinite Loop' it's an ecological material for wrapping things. It includes a QR code which allows you to follow the journey and the story of the presents which are exchanged and given with this wrapper. The important thing here is that, based on the success of this campaign a little cooperative was created in Cataluña named 'Tarpuna coop' and this is another advance. We're not producing a book and in exchange I receive the book, and nothing changes the product doesn't change. But rather, here - the organisations and the products change at the same time. This is the open line. And this is what we're looking for, OK? This isn't incompatible with dancing ‘shake the commons’ and 'soul’ etc. I mention that because you're all looking pretty serious. Another prject - a film and documentary festival done via 'creative commons'. But the whole festival can be reproduced. The method and the means have been reproduced in more than 15 countries. Shared allotments -I've got an allotment and I can't cultivate it. Have any of you got an allotment? How about I bring the seeds? And we plant it and we share the harvest? Again we're changing what is property and the way of managing the land. OK? In this model what we've really seen is that co-financiers appear they are part of a community they feel part of a community and they're proactive. Some of them even compulsively so. They have a project and suddenly give to another. And they consider it an investment in this 'irrigation capital'. They can see this fund for investing in anything social. Also, we cannot allow ourselves not to count on collective strength collective intelligence in order to combine this search for finance with the search for non-financial colaboration. OK? Simple examples but they are so very important in the daily management of projects: loans of material translation tasks. In the open data projects... transparency - it is so important that people can provide data and also translate data. This idea of co-design and collective intelligence - we've applied it from the beginning. We don't program even one line of code of this platform before doing in depth work, not only of investigation but also of co-design with the community which will be involved with this model. OK? And they helped us to create this model. Because one thing we haven't mentioned until today, until now. We need rules to be able to manage the common good, these common resources. We need standards open standards which we can use as a base in order to know what we really can do. Both in driving a project and in financing it. We all share this structure which is technological. ethical and legal and which permits us from the start of a project to decide which type of open licences to use to distribute the deliverables. And what's more - it makes me easier to find in google if we use the 'creative commons' and open licences search. This is the model - we're not just looking for money but rather tasks, infrastructure and materials. What are my returns? It's thinking a little, a minute... that really what we're talking about is investing in 'open': which means for me with no intention of causing confusion they are microcredits which are given which don't require to be returned as money although in the case of cooperatives, yes it's possible to have rights over the profits. The profits here are digital files, source code - when we talk about software or data, manuals: the 'how did I do this?' the design itself the plans for the shoes the products themselves, services and obviously money. We apply the lesson to ourselves we too are 'open source' this is the repository where you can find the code from the social networking platform. And there's not much time left. Next week a node of this platform will start in the Basque Country. With the support of the Basque government and its open government programme. That means that we can be reproduced and that we think at a local level. Tell your teams that you have at your side and that can inject this 'open' line and can make it known that it's not so complicated to share resources it's not so complicated to apply the lesson. OK? Thanks very much for your attention and see you next time. [applause]

Video Details

Duration: 17 minutes and 22 seconds
Country: Spain
Language: Spanish (Spain)
Genre: None
Views: 90
Posted by: abroglia on Oct 12, 2012

Olivier explains the platform Goteo,org

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