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Dr. Tae - ¿Puede el skate salvar nuestras escuelas? - TEDx Eastside Prep.

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. On October 31st 1999, why do I rememebet this date? I learnt something that changed my life. What was it? At the time I was a grad student working on my Ph.D in physics but my discovery did not happen in a physics lab. I was actually at an Elementary School but I wasn't in the Elementary School. I was actually skateboarding outside of the Elementary School and, what I learnt was this... And that may look like nothing to you but for me it was a huge deal! That's a skateboarding trick called a 360 flip. So, why do I remember this date, why was it so important to me? I had been trying this trick for years! And I just could never, ever, ever get it! It was infuriating, it was frustrating! It was discouraging, but the kooky thing is I never gave up on trying to do the 360 flip. Not sure why... So, that's October 31st, 1999. I landed my first 360 flip. But then, boom, fast forward to today... The 360 flip, the trick that took me years to figure out the trick that I thought really I could never do: this is now, by far, my most consistent trick. I get angry if I do not land this trick now. Ok, so this is what it is, a 360 flip. I pop the board up in the air, it does a 360 spin simultaneously it does a flip. So, that's what the trick is. And before October 31st, 1999, I was like Who does that?, How do you do that? And I've gone from that to... Now this is a trick I'm really proud of. This is a 360 flip to manual, which is you just only land on the back wheels and balance. It's a very technical trick. If you had told me 12 years ago that I would be showing you this video now I would've thought you were crazy. 'Cause it wasn't possible, I didn't know how to do it. So, there's a thouch of irony in this image, which is if you go back to October 31st, 1999. Whatever conditions I had at the time in skateboarding, allowed me to work, without much progress for years on something, and I wasn't really sure if I was ever gonna get it. The funny thing is, I don't think we do the same thing inside that building in the background. It's strange to me. So, what I wanna kinda do today is just kinda share what a learning experience in skateboarding is all about. And, I'll let you connect the dots, but I think you'll find it drastically different from what we do in a lot of our schools. So, the trick... Let's see... So, I tried to pick a specific one. This is the example I always use. The trick I'm doing is this is called a Pop Shove-It, you pop the board up, it does a 180 turn. After that, I don't wanna just land flat I wanna land on my front wheels, that's called the Nose Manual. And then after that I want to do what's called the little Nollie Shove-It, off of my front wheels and then do another 180 rotation. So the crux of my presentation, is really going to be in the next minute. So what I ask you is really concentrate on what you see in this next video clip because I think it really encapsulates everything I'm going to say afterwards. But, this is a learning experience in skateboarding. So I'm trying to put all of these different tricks together into one move. This is what it looks like... "Oohh crap!" Whoa, whoa [email protected]#%! Oohh! Why am I almost dying everytime I try this? 'Cause that trick is impossible! And no one actually knows how to do it. Whoa! Oh sheez! Yeeaah I'm a natural! Totally straight forward painless process. So, what I wanna share with you I think there are some lessons to be learnt from this example. From skateboarding, and the first one is this: -Failure is Normal- In skateboarding, failure is normal. Failure is expected. I did not land that trick first try, ok? I didn't land it second try, or third. It took me... I didn't show all of the attempts. It took me 58 tries to get that trick, allright? That means I failed 57 times. And, there's no sugarcoating it You don't get a C+ on one of the attempts 'cause you still, you know... you made it half way across the concrete. No, it's... I didn't land the trick 57 times. You know, the 360 flip, that took me years of failure before I actually figured it out. So, the important thing is that, in skateboarding the failure isn't stigmatized somehow. Any skateboarder knows what that process looks like. It's normal, it's expected. Ok, this next important point I wanna mull over a little bit. In skateboarding this is understood but I try to write it out in a sentence. -Nobody knows ahead of time how long it takes anyone to learn anything- I'll just make the bold statement, and just assert that's true. How many of our educational environments are predicated on knowing very specifically how long it takes to learn particular things? I would say quite a few but this is exactly the reason why skateboarders find school environments extremely strange. ´Cause we understand this, schools don't really have this kind of property. Anyways... A natural consequence of understanding this point is that in skateboarding there's really only one secret to learning it's what I call the secret to learning anything really and it's this: work your ass off until you figure it out. That's all there is in skateboarding. You don't decide, if I was only given 50 tries to land a Pop Shove-It Nose Manual Shove-It out, I'm not gonna get it, you know? If I'm cut off after months of trying 360 flips I'm never gonna learn 360 flips. That's a shame! 'Cause I might have been kinda good at it. Let's see, next point. And I'm gonna get a lot of "boo's" from the audience. Sorry. Learning is not fun, ok? Picture what you just saw in your head. Was I having fun? Not really! And if you're not convinced, let me seal the deal here... Have I made my point? I don't know... Fun is not exactly the right word. A better word... The experience of learning a skateboarding trick it's not really fun, it's closer to what is known as Flow. It's all about finding goldilocks challenges. It's finding challenges that are not too easy, not too difficult, but are really right just beyond our capabilities, our limits. And that's where we learn that's where we find this condition of Flow. So... I don't think it's nit-picking on words. Fun is very different from flow. But, anyways, learning in skateboarding is all about Flow. So... The next feature of this learning in skateboarding There are No Grades This is dumb, I mean... "C+" "D" "B-" No... No, thank you?... This is the most offensive one. What if I land the trick? "A" A+? Actually... The goal in skateboarding is to learn the trick. The reward in skateboarding is landing the trick. Layering grades on top of this adds nothing to the experience, at all. Skateboarding is not brought to you by the letter A, it just isn't. So, there are no grades in skateboarding so consequently, there is no cheating. Compare and contrast the following statements, allright? "Hey man, can I copy your math homework?" "Hey man, can I copy your Pop Shove-It, Nose Manual, Shove-It out? One of those two doesn't sound right. And there's a reason for that. 'Cause you can't cheat in skateboaring, I don't know how to do it, I mean... When learning is the goal, and learning is the reward there's no point in cheating. This is just how it works. Last point about this, there's No Teacher in that video clip I showed you. I mean, I'm sort of a teacher, but I mean, not in that capacity Teachers are completely optional. It's not that they can't be helpful, but they are completely optional in this environment. I was trying to figure out why is that? What is it that teachers add then? If we are going to have teachers. I have this concept of, Real-Time Meaningful Feedback. The reason we don't need a teacher in that environment is because I have my skateboard, and gravity, and a concrete slap continuously telling me what I need to improve on and what I'm doing. I lean too far forward I mash the nose of my board into the ground, or I didn't pop my board high enough I was going too slow, all of that is coming to me instantaneously, and I don't need someone standing on the side lines, telling me that or giving me grades, or unmeaningful feedback in any way. Now, what I wanna do very quickly is, I want to sort of shoehorn a physics demonstration into my talk so I can make a strained analogy in the end. Here we go. Can we have the lights down please? Oh, thank you. Now one of the...I've taught physics for a long time One of the things I always try to teach my students is we turn the lights off in here and what happened to the room? Something is difficult when the room is dark, which is yeah, you can't really see. So, we usually associate things like light and darkness as... we associate this with our sense of sight. I have a flash light here, and If I click this, you know, stroke this on and off, you guys can see this right? I'm doing exactly the same thing right now How many of you can see this? Not one of you? Are you trying hard enough? What I actually have in my hand is a remote control Now, when I point this at you you don't see very much But if I point it at our friend the digital infrared camera The remote control has actually a pretty intense infrared stroke light Now, why can't you see this with your eyes? Infrared is not a wavelenght of light that we can actually pick up with our eyes. But the funny thing is that it's just outisde of the range of light that we can actually pick up with our eyes. There's and important lesson you can learn from your remote control When you start learning some physics one of these lessons you learn is that there's an enormous universe of light out there, and what we can actually see with our own eyes is extremely... it's actually too big in the diagram, but what we can see with our eyes is extremely tiny sliver of the universe of light that's out there. But the infrared, this one simple example... I hope all of you look at your remote control differently now. Infrared light it's just outside of what our experience is like But we need a little help to notice this sorts of things. We can build instruments and stuff like this. So, we've managed to explore what all of this other unverse of light is like. What I'm asking everyone here to do today is to do the same with learning and education. We have this whole spectrum of what learning is, but unlike the electromagnetic spectrum, we haven't done a very good job at exploring what's out there. We're stuck in this sort of like, "well, what do we see?" We're stuck in this very narrow band of experience that's just schools Most of the time that's what people are used to, or what the think of when they think of teaching and learning. And what I wanna point out is that maybe if you just look a little bit outisde of a school, you can notice something that maybe is a little bit different, that's going on that might give us some clues as to how broad the spectrum of learning really is. Thank you. .

Video Details

Duration: 14 minutes and 50 seconds
Year: 2011
Country: United States
Language: English
Genre: None
Producer: TEDx + Dr. Tae
Director: TEDx + Dr. Tae
Views: 46
Posted by: matraka on Feb 18, 2012

El Dr. Tae es skater, camarógrafo, científico y maestro. Contrastando las observaciones de su propio aprendizaje mientras andaba en skate con la realidad del sistema educativo actual, el Dr. Tae comparte su percepción en cuanto a la forma en que podemos mejorar nuestra educación. Video transcripto y traducido por Ale Sama.

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