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(7/8) De meest belangrijke video die je ooit zal zien (deel 7 van 8)

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...that was a major turning point in all of human history. That's the point where per capita consumption of petroleum reached its peak before it started its inevitable decline and there isn't anyway that I can see that we can reverse that trend, that downward trend given the world population growth and given the fact that we're right close to the peak of world production. Well, dr. Hubbert addressed a committee of the congress. He told them that “the exponential phase of the industrial growth which has dominated human activities during the last couple of centuries is now drawing to a close. Yet during the last two centuries of unbroken industrial growth, we have evolved what amounts to an exponential-growth culture.” I would say, it’s more than a culture: it’s our national religion, because we worship growth. Pick up any newspaper; you’ll see headlines such as this: "State forecasts ‘robust’ growth." Have you ever heard of a physician diagnosing a cancer in a patient and telling the patient, “You have a robust cancer?” We have Americans being killed in the Gulf war. What's this person worried about? He doesn't care about people, he doesn't care about people being killed. All he's worried about is: "Oh, the Gulf situation may hurt Colorado's growth." Now this incredible addiction is not limited to the United States. The Wall Street Journal tells us: “The Japanese are so accustomed to growth that economists in Tokyo usually speak of a recession as any time the growth rate dips below 3% per year.” So, what do we do? In the words of Winston Churchill, “Sometimes we have to do what is required.” We must educate all of our people to the understanding of the arithmetic and the consequences of growth, especially in terms of population and in terms of the Earth's finite resources. We must educate people to recognise the fact that growth of populations and growth of rates of consumption of resources cannot be sustained. Now the world is full of people who are yakking about sustainability; some of them are doing serious good things like trying to reduce energy consumption and things like this. Some are just trying to tack the word sustainability onto whatever they're doing whether it's sustainable or not. We've got to understand the first law of sustainability. And it follows directly from what I've just been talking about. Here it is: population growth and/or growth in the rates of consumption of resources cannot be sustained. Now, this follows from the arithmetic of steady growth that we've spend time developing. So this isn't an opinion. Opinions are debatable. This is fact. There's nothing here to debate. You cannot sustain population growth, you cannot sustain growth in the rate of consumption of the resources. So I think it’s intellectually dishonest to talk about sustainability, without stressing the obvious fact that stopping population growth is a necessary condition for sustainability. Now it's not sufficient. Stopping population growth in itself is not sufficient, but there's no way you can have sustainability if you don't stop population growth. We need to educate people to see the need to examine carefully the allegations of the technological optimists who assure us that science and technology will always be able to solve all of our problems of population growth, food, energy, and resources. Chief amongst these optimists was the late Dr Julian Simon, formerly professor of economics and business administration at the University of Illinois, and later at the University of Maryland. With regard to copper, Simon has written that we will never run out of copper because “copper can be made from other metals.” The letters to the editor jumped all over him, told him about chemistry. He just brushed it off: “Don’t worry,” he said, “if it’s ever important, we figure out how to make copper out of other metals.” Now, Simon had a book that was published by the Princeton University Press. In that book, he’s writing about oil from many sources, including biomass, and he says, “Clearly there is no meaningful limit to this source except for the sun’s energy.” He goes on to note, “But even if our sun was not so vast as it is, there may well be other suns elsewhere.” Well, Simon’s right; there are other suns elsewhere, but the question is, would you base public policy on the belief that if we need another sun, we will figure out how to go get it and haul it back into our solar system? Now don't laugh. For decades before his death, this man was a trusted policy advisor at the very highest levels in Washington DC. Here's a quotation from one of his strong supporters. There was a U.N. report that talked about the possibility of resource collapse because of population growth and when asked about the report HUD secretary Jack Kemp said: "Nonsense! People are not a drain on the resources of the planet. Malcolm Forbes Jr., editor in chief of Forbes Magazine, tells us in an editorial that CNN recently ran a silly series purporting to show that the world is in mortal danger because there are too many of us. In the report countries many mouths mean poverty. In richer countries we are wrecking the Earth's atmosphere with pollution. It's all nonsense. Bill Moyers interviewed Isaac Asimov. “What happens to the idea of the dignity of the human species if this population growth continues? and Asimov says, “It’ll be completely destroyed. I like to use what I call my bathroom metaphor. If two people live in an apartment, and there are two bathrooms, then they both have freedom of the bathroom. You can go to the bathroom any time you want, stay as long as you want, for whatever you need. And everyone believes in freedom of the bathroom. It should be right there in the constitution. But if you have twenty people in the apartment and two bathrooms, then no matter how much every person believes in freedom of the bathroom, there’s no such thing. You have to set up times for each person, you have to bang on the door, ‘Aren't you through yet?’ and so on.” And Asimov concluded with one of the most profound observations I've seen in years. Asimov said, “In the same way, democracy cannot survive overpopulation." Human dignity cannot survive overpopulation. Convenience and decency cannot survive overpopulation. As you put more and more people into the world, the value of life not only declines, it disappears. It doesn’t matter if someone dies, the more people there are, the less one individual matters.” Now let me give you two examples of this destruction of democracy by population growth. I joined the faculty here in 1950. About that time the population of Boulder was about 20,000. There were 9 members of the city council. Today it's approaching a 100,000. There are 9 members of the city council. So in little over 50 years the number of people per member of the city council has increased by a factor of 5. Democracy in Boulder has declined to 20% of what it was 50 years ago And the second example has to do with the year 2,000 national census. This shows that in the decade of the 90's the U.S. population increased by about 13%. This means every house seat in the House of Representatives now has 13% more constituents on the average than they did 10 years ago. And in the last one hour, the world population has increased by about 10,000 people and the population of the United States has increased by about 280 people. And we have to ask: "Why don't more U.S. environmentalists and U.S. environmental organizations speak out about the problem of population growth here in the U.S.?" The simple arithmetic makes it absolutely clear that long term preservation of the environment in the U.S. is impossible in the face of continued U.S. population growth. But you hear of all sorts of political leaders that all we can have our growth because smart growth, and smart growth will save the environment. We need to know about smart growth. Smart growth destroys the environment. Dumb growth destroys the environment. Now smart growth just destroys the environment with good taste. So it's a little like buying a ticket on the Titanic. If you're smart you go first class. If you don't you go series(?) but the result is the same. So, central to the things that we must do is to recognize that population growth is the immediate cause of all our resource and environmental crises. And of all the crises I think this one, global warming, looms larger and more threatening...

Video Details

Duration: 9 minutes and 28 seconds
Country: United States
Language: English
Views: 256
Posted by: ridelo on Jun 1, 2011

Deze lezing door prof. Albert Bartlett toont het onvermogen van de mens aan om in te zien hoe beperkt onze aardse energiebronnen zijn. En de klok tikt...

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