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Brain Development & Addiction with Gabor Mate - part 3

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For the first time they feel human. For the first time they do cocaine they feel alive and vibrant and excited. And that's pretty powerful. And it's the only way they got it. So we try to take that away from them. And it's damn difficult to give it up. Addiction is pretty simple. It's what happens to people... when they don't get what they need. And they have to end up suiting themselves. Now... this is not about blaming parents, by the way. You have to understand that. When parents are stressed, they can't help passing that stress onto their children. They just cant' help it. There's no way to avoid it. I was born... to Jewish mother in 1944 in Budapest, Hungary. And you all heard what happened to the Jews in Eastern Europe... So, I was born in January 1944 and... in March the Nazis marched into Budapest. My hometown. The day after the... Germans ocuppied Budapest... my mother called the pediatrician. And she said to her: "Would you please como to see Gabby, because he's crying all the time"? And the pediatrician said: "Of course I'll come"... "...but I should tell you that all my Jewish babies are crying." Now why were the Jewish babies crying? I didn't know anything about Nazis... I didn't know anything about concentration camps... or war, or genocide. Why was I crying? Do you think? Because my mother was stressed. Infants pick it up. And my mother was depressed because her parents... three months latter her parents were killed. When parents are in that state... their traumas pass on to the next generation. At the University of Washington, in Seattle, they did EEG's, electroencephalograms. These are electrical read-outs of the brains of infants of six months of age, whose mothers were depressed. And they compared... You know, so you get this wave, like an electrical read out. Looks like... this. Now... they compared the EEGs of the electrical activity of the infants brain... whose mothers were depressed, with infants whose mothers were not depressed. They could tell from the EEG of the child whose mother was depressed and whose wasn't. And there was the mother's state of mind programs... the electrical activity of the infant's brain. And these effects last a long time. These effects last a long time. Now, mothers obviously don't become depressed on purpose. Nobody wakes up in the morning and says: "Hey, I think I'll become depressed". "Maybe I shouldn't. Oh, I will." No. These things happen to people. Nobody get stressed or depressed on purpose. My mother did not created the Second World War just so that I would have a difficult first year of life. The trauma is passed on multigenerationally. From one generation to the next. And that's how you it's inherited. It's not inherited because of genes. It's inherited because... they keep creating the same conditions. But that's why the drug addiction. It's because... of the early suffering... and the early deprivation. These circuits are crying out for those substances. And when they get them, they're happy. And it's very difficult to tell a person... if something makes them feel good for the first time in their lives... that they should stop usign that substance... when they have no other way of making xxx feel good. When they don't have any other way. Now, that doesn't mean it's hopeless. It just means that it's difficult and we can't do it by judging people... by telling them that they're bad, that they're stupid and so on. Or even by telling them how bad it is for them. They already know that. They already know that. We have to try something totally different. There's many many different ways to look at addictions. I look at it from one angle, there's another angle... which is that drugs are a way of self-medicating. Some people at certain conditions , medically, they decide to self-medicate. Now, what do people self-medicate? They self-medicate depression. Because the drugs are antidepressants. They self-medicate anxiety. They self-medicate PTST, or post-traumatic stress disorder. That make people less stressed They also self-medicate what you got... which is ADHD. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ok? The stimulant drugs... like cocaine and crystal meth... which most people, when they take them, they get more hyper... actually make you calmer. Why is that? I'll explain to you... Imagine that your brain is like a... a busy street corner. With traffic going in four directions, you know? So you have a busy street corner... And here is a... You got three lanes of traffic going in every direction, right? Three lanes this way, you know? But there's no stop sign, there's no traffic light. What there is... Is an island here in the center. And there's a cop standing on the island. And the job of the cop is to stop traffic in this direction. So xxx in this direction, right? His job is to stop things, ok? Imagine that your brain is like this busy traffic corner... With three lanes of traffic going in four directions. The drivers don't know how to stop. They don't know how to regulate themselves. There's no stop signs, there's no traffic light. There's a cop. Now... Imagine further more that the cop went to a party the night before. So he's sitting there on the traffic island, you know, going like this... And all of a sudden... He falls asleep, ok? What is going to happen on the street corner? Total chaos, right? Honking and... people getting angry and upset. But nobody getting anywhere, just like you in your room. What would we have to do to create order on the street corner again? Sorry? No, we can't do that. xxxxxxxxx. What are we going to do with them? What are we going to do with them? Totally right. Give him a stimulant. Caffeine is a stimulant. Cocaine is a stimulant. Crystal meth is a stimulant. Nicotine is a stimulant. ADD is another condition that predisposes to addiction.... and people self-medicate by the stimulant drugs. A lot of the people that are taking crystalmeth actually have ADD. They may not know it but it's what they have. Almost anywhere where addiction xxx diagnosis... by definition. They gonna be anxious, depressed, xxxx, xxxx Something is going on wrong otherwise they wouldn't be addicted. The good news is that the human brain can develop news circuits even later on in life. So even under those condictions - it's not like vision - vision is over at the age of five. If a kid doesn't see light for 5 years, he's blind forever. But these circuits - and can get human development even later on in life... If the conditions are right. Even later on in life. It takes a long time... It takes a lot of support, but it can happen. So the point is: just does these people were hurt early It doesn't mean that they were - you know, is it Lery? xxx Sorry, Eddie... Eddie was in his prayer. Was talking about... xxxx The wisdom of healing that is inside of ourselves. This wisdom in the body. Which allows healing and new development to takes place. Even later on in life. The long we've done drugs... The longer it takes. And more xxxxxx but there's no way beyond redemption. There's no way beyond redemption. Now, how long it'll take? You see... We now just talking about the effects of the drugs... You also talking about a in life long term. * So xxxxx xxxx addiction. It's not just getting someone to stop you using the drugs. It's also developing new ways of cooping and new ways of thinking about themselves. And new ways of seeing the world. That they never had from the early life because the conditions weren't appropriated. So let me say something but... The past and the generations... The thing that I said about what's necessary for the healthy development of the person... and the brain. The kind of parenting... That's exactly the way... - as far as we understand from historians and anthropologists... and from histories of the others - That it's exactly the way first nations used to parent their kids.

Video Details

Duration: 15 minutes and 10 seconds
Country: United States
Language: English
Views: 84
Posted by: renan.ferreira on Jul 24, 2012

Gabor Maté is a Hungarian-born, Canadian physician who specializes in the study and treatment of addiction and is also widely recognized for his unique perspective on Attention Deficit Disorder and his firmly held belief in the connection between mind and body health.

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