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D95_10 (13e1)

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The precision of this test method will be affected by water droplets adhering to the surfaces in the apparatus, and therefore not settling into the water trap to be measured. To minimize the problem, all apparatus must be cleaned chemically at least daily to remove surface films and debris, which hinder free drainage of water in the test apparatus. More frequent cleaning is recommended if the nature of samples being run causes persistent contamination. Measure a suitable amount of sample to an accuracy of plus or minus 1% and transfer it to the still. Measure ordinary liquid samples in a graduated cylinder of an appropriate size. Rinse the material adhering to the cylinder with one 50-milliliter and two 25-milliliter portions of the solvent carrier liquid. See section 6 and table 1 of the written standard. Drain the cylinder thoroughly after the sample transfer at each rinsing. Weigh solid or viscous materials directly into the still and add 100 milliliters of the selected solvent carrier liquid. In cases of material with a low water content when large samples must be used, a solvent carrier liquid volume in excess of 100 milliliter may be necessary. Glass beads or other boiling aids may be added if necessary to reduce bumping. Assemble the components of the apparatus as illustrated in figure 1, figure 2, and figure 3 of the written standard, choosing the trap in accordance with the expected water content of the sample, and making all connections vapor- and liquid-tight. If a metal still with a removable cover is used, insert a gasket of heavy paper, moistened with solvent, between the still body and the cover. The condenser tube and trap must be chemically cleaned to ensure free drainage of water into the bottom of the trap. Insert a loose cotton plug in the top of the condenser to prevent condensation of atmospheric moisture inside it. Circulate cold water through the jacket of the condenser. Apply heat to the still, adjusting the rate of boiling so that condensed distillate discharges from the condenser at the rate of 2 to 5 drops per second. If the metal still is used, start heating with the ring burner about 76 millimeters-- 3 inches-- above the bottom of the still, and gradually lower the burner as the distillation proceeds. Continue distillation until no water is visible in any part of the apparatus, except in the trap, and the volume of water in the trap remains constant for 5 minutes. If there is a persistent ring of water in the condenser tube, carefully increase the rate of distillation or cut off the condenser water for a few minutes. When the evolution of water is complete, allow the trap and contents to cool to room temperature. Dislodge any drops of water adhering to the sides of the trap with a glass or polytetraflouroethylene-- PTFE-- rod or other suitable means, and transfer them to the water layer. Read the volume of the water in the trap to the nearest scale division. A solvent blank shall be established, as outlined in 6.2 of the written standard.

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Duration: 4 minutes and 43 seconds
Language: English
License: Dotsub - Standard License
Genre: None
Views: 5
Posted by: abuckmaster on Jul 17, 2018

D95_10 (13e1)

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