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Biology And Behavior - An Introduction Part II

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"Give me a dozen healthy infants, well formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in, and I'll guarantee... to take anyone at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select: doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief, and yes, even beggar-man thief, regardless of his talents... pensions, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and the race of his ancestors." This is someone categorically stuck, pathologically stuck... And the notion that environment reward punishment, positive, negative reinforcement... Can control the entire world and we know that's not true. We know that certain individuals have certain biological constraints where no matter what the envornment is... You can not turn them into anything you wish them to be. Where does this quote come from? A scientist named John Watson, early in the last century, this was the founding father of the field of psychology... called Behaviourism. And this is a whole view that you explain all the behaviour within one of this buckets... Have to do with the environment. Very interestingly a few years after this quote... Watson left science completely became an extremely succesfull advertising executive. I do not think this is by chance. Ok, next quote: - This one is even worse, as follows - Normal psychic life depends upon the good functioning of brain synapses, and mental disorders appear as a result of synaptic derangements. Synaptic adjustments will then modify the corresponding ideas and force thought into different channels. We obtain cures and improvements but no failures." Now, in a couple of lectures we'll learn what this brain's synapses are. But the main point here is we got a problem. We've got this synaptic derangements... and then we've got this synaptics adjustments. What do you think this synaptics adjustments are? Some sort of a drug? Some sort of xxxx? No, you wish were that gentile. What we have here is this synaptic adjustment. Just* go with a big knife and cut out the front part of the brain... A frontal lobotomy and this is a person pathologically caught up with the notion that one of our buckets... that of the brain explains the entire world xxxxx to obtain cures and improvements but no failures. Who is this? This was a portuguese neurologist, Egas Moniz, upon the ocasion of his receiving the nobel prize... for inventing frontal lobotomies. Final quote, and this is the worst one yet: "The immensely high reproduction rate in the moral imbecile has long been established... This phenomenon leads everywhere to the fact that socially inferior human material is enabled to penetrate and... finally to annihilate the healthy nation. The selection for toughness, heroism, social utility must be acomplished by some human institution in mankind... Is not to be ruined by domestication-induced generacy. The racial idea as the basis of our state has already accomplished much in this respect... with the extermination of elements of the population loaded with dregs." Who was this? Was this Hitler? No, Hitler was a little bit busy with other things. This was one of the scientists... who supported Hitler. This was a scientist that we all know from those timelife specials... A scientist named Konrad Lorenz. We all know from those pictures. This xxxxx austrian guy. With this little suspenders and shorts xxxx little xxxxx following around. Konrad Lorenz, who was also a Nazi propagandist, serve* time as a war prisioner after work for doing so... This is a man pathologically stuck in a different bucket of explaining behaviour. One that happens to be xxxxxx the notion of saying that something is broken which ain't broken and come up... with the most appalling possibly fix. These aren't obscure scientists. These aren't marginalized individuals. These are some of the most influential humans of the last century. They've shaped how we educate people. How we medicalize people. How we institutionalize them. They have a influence on 9-12 million people been vaporized by war. These are people who were pathologically unable to think about... The biology of our behaviour in a subtle way. And thatis what we are going to try to avoid doing here. Now, when we think about this issue - Again it's not trivial to try to approach this subject looking at... the biology of human social behaviour. And there's a bunch of challenges intrinsic in this. Some of the time that challenge of making sense of humans is recognizing that... we are exactly like every other kid on the block. Every other animal out there when it comes to the biology of our behaviour. One example of this: Ok, you are a hamster. You're a female hamster.

Video Details

Duration: 14 minutes and 55 seconds
Country: Brazil
Language: English
Genre: None
Views: 64
Posted by: renan.ferreira on Jun 4, 2012

Robert Maurice Sapolsky (nascido em 1957), é um cientista e escritor estadunidense. Atualmente, ele é professor de ciências biológicas e ciências neurológicas, e por cortesia, neurocirurgia, na Universidade Stanford. Além disso, ele é pesquisador adjunto no Museu Nacional do Quênia.

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