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Annotated captions of Al Gore warns on the latest climate trends in English

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Last year I showed these two slides so that

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demonstrate that the arctic ice cap,

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which for most of the last three million years

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has been the size of the lower 48 states,

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has shrunk by 40 percent.

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But this understates the seriousness of this particular problem

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because it doesn't show the thickness of the ice.

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The arctic ice cap is, in a sense,

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the beating heart of the global climate system.

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It expands in winter and contracts in summer.

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The next slide I show you will be

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a rapid fast-forward of what's happened over the last 25 years.

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The permanent ice is marked in red.

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As you see, it expands to the dark blue --

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that's the annual ice in winter,

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and it contracts in summer.

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The so-called permanent ice, five years old or older,

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you can see is almost like blood,

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spilling out of the body here.

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In 25 years it's gone from this, to this.

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This is a problem because the warming

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heats up the frozen ground around the Arctic Ocean,

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where there is a massive amount of frozen carbon

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which, when it thaws, is turned into methane by microbes.

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Compared to the total amount of global warming pollution in the atmosphere,

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that amount could double if we cross this tipping point.

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Already in some shallow lakes in Alaska,

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methane is actively bubbling up out of the water.

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Professor Katey Walter from the University of Alaska

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went out with another team to another shallow lake last winter.

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Video: Whoa! (Laughter)

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Al Gore: She's okay. The question is whether we will be.

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And one reason is, this enormous heat sink

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heats up Greenland from the north.

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This is an annual melting river.

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But the volumes are much larger than ever.

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This is the Kangerlussuaq River in southwest Greenland.

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If you want to know how sea level rises

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from land-base ice melting

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this is where it reaches the sea.

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These flows are increasing very rapidly.

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At the other end of the planet, Antarctica

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the largest mass of ice on the planet.

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Last month scientists reported the entire continent

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is now in negative ice balance.

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And west Antarctica cropped up on top some under-sea islands,

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is particularly rapid in its melting.

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That's equal to 20 feet of sea level, as is Greenland.

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In the Himalayas, the third largest mass of ice:

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at the top you see new lakes, which a few years ago were glaciers.

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40 percent of all the people in the world

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get half of their drinking water from that melting flow.

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In the Andes, this glacier is the

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source of drinking water for this city.

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The flows have increased.

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But when they go away, so does much of the drinking water.

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In California there has been a 40 percent

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decline in the Sierra snowpack.

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This is hitting the reservoirs.

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And the predictions, as you've read, are serious.

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This drying around the world has lead to

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a dramatic increase in fires.

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And the disasters around the world

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have been increasing at an absolutely extraordinary

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and unprecedented rate.

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Four times as many in the last 30 years

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as in the previous 75.

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This is a completely unsustainable pattern.

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If you look at in the context of history

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you can see what this is doing.

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In the last five years

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we've added 70 million tons of CO2

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every 24 hours --

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25 million tons every day to the oceans.

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Look carefully at the area of the eastern Pacific,

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from the Americas, extending westward,

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and on either side of the Indian subcontinent,

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where there is a radical depletion of oxygen in the oceans.

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The biggest single cause of global warming,

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along with deforestation, which is 20 percent of it, is the burning of fossil fuels.

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Oil is a problem, and coal is the most serious problem.

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The United States is one of the two

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largest emitters, along with China.

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And the proposal has been to build a lot more coal plants.

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But we're beginning to see a sea change.

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Here are the ones that have been cancelled in the last few years

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with some green alternatives proposed.

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(Applause)

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However there is a political battle

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in our country.

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And the coal industries and the oil industries

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spent a quarter of a billion dollars in the last calendar year

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promoting clean coal,

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which is an oxymoron.

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That image reminded me of something.

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(Laughter)

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Around Christmas, in my home in Tennessee,

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a billion gallons of coal sludge was spilled.

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You probably saw it on the news.

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This, all over the country, is the second largest waste stream in America.

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This happened around Christmas.

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One of the coal industry's ads around Christmas was this one.

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Video: ♪♫ Frosty the coal man is a jolly, happy soul.

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He's abundant here in America,

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and he helps our economy grow.

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Frosty the coal man is getting cleaner everyday.

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He's affordable and adorable, and workers keep their pay.

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Al Gore: This is the source of much of the coal in West Virginia.

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The largest mountaintop miner is the head of Massey Coal.

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Video: Don Blankenship: Let me be clear about it. Al Gore,

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Nancy Pelosi, Harry Reid, they don't know what they're talking about.

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Al Gore: So the Alliance for Climate Protection

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has launched two campaigns.

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This is one of them, part of one of them.

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Video: Actor: At COALergy we view climate change as a very serious

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threat to our business.

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That's why we've made it our primary goal

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to spend a large sum of money

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on an advertising effort to help bring out and complicate

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the truth about coal.

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The fact is, coal isn't dirty.

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We think it's clean --

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smells good, too.

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So don't worry about climate change.

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Leave that up to us.

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(Laughter)

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Video: Actor: Clean coal -- you've heard a lot about it.

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So let's take a tour of this state-of-the-art clean coal facility.

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Amazing! The machinery is kind of loud.

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But that's the sound of clean coal technology.

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And while burning coal is one of the leading causes of global warming,

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the remarkable clean coal technology you see here

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changes everything.

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Take a good long look: this is today's clean coal technology.

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Al Gore: Finally, the positive alternative

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meshes with our economic challenge

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and our national security challenge.

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Video: Narrator: America is in crisis -- the economy,

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national security, the climate crisis.

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The thread that links them all:

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our addiction to carbon based fuels,

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like dirty coal and foreign oil.

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But now there is a bold new solution to get us out of this mess.

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Repower America with 100 percent clean electricity

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within 10 years.

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A plan to put America back to work,

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make us more secure, and help stop global warming.

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Finally, a solution that's big enough to solve our problems.

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Repower America. Find out more.

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Al Gore: This is the last one.

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Video: Narrator: It's about repowering America.

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One of the fastest ways to cut our dependence

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on old dirty fuels that are killing our planet.

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Man: Future's over here. Wind, sun, a new energy grid.

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Man #2: New investments to create high-paying jobs.

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Narrator: Repower America. It's time to get real.

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Al Gore: There is an old African proverb that says,

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"If you want to go quickly, go alone.

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If you want to go far, go together."

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We need to go far, quickly.

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Thank you very much.

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(Applause)