Transcript for Ada Yonath Interview: What did you receive the Nobel Prize for?
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Determining the structure of the ribosome,
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which is the machine that translates the genetic information into proteins,
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which are the cell workers that do all the things cells need in order to exist.
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In human beings, proteins are performing unwanted actions like breathing
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and also wanted, like my motion now.
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It’s all done by proteins. Proteins can do what they are made for...
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by their three-dimensional structure, which is dictated by the sequence of the building blocks.
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This information comes from the gene.
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And the machine that knows how to read the gene and make the protein is called ribosome.
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Determining the structure opened the way to understand better how the ribosome works.