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Annotated captions of Future by Design in English

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Leonardo da Vinci was a self-taught renaissance man.

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As a scientist, artist and inventor

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da Vinci's genius led to an unprecedented body of work.

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The drawings he left behind remain as testaments

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to his innovation and originality.

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One of da Vinci's main inhibitions was the lack of materials

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he needed to transform his concepts into reality.

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Jacque Fresco is also a self-taught scientist, architect and inventor.

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For his entire life he has been deeply committed to investigation

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insight and innovation.

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A prolific creator and builder

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Jacque has been redesigning our entire culture for most of his life.

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While da Vinci needed advanced materials

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Fresco has lacked access to the social and political resources needed

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to realize his most far-reaching ideas.

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AUGUST, 1974

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My guest is an extraordinary Miamian, Dr. Jacque Fresco.

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I could go through all the things that Dr. Fresco has done.

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He's a social engineer, industrial engineer, designer, inventor

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was a consultant for Rotorcraft Helicopter

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director of Scientific Research Laboratories, Los Angeles

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designed and copyrighted various items

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ranging from drafting instruments to X-ray units

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has had works published in Architectural Records

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Popular Mechanics, Saturday Review and has been

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a technical and psychological consultant of the motion picture industry

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member of the air force design development unit at Wright Field

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developed the electrostatic anti-icing systems

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designed prefabricated aluminum houses.

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What does it say in your driver's license?

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What is the occupation? - Industrial Designer

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- Jacque, do you -social engineer -

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- Does it bug you that people

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when they talk about Jacque Fresco in Miami, say that

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he's someone who's too far ahead of this time? His thinking, is....

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We're not ready for advanced kind of thinking. Not that type.

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Does it bug you? - I imagine every creative person in every field

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encounters that sort of problem. No, it doesn't. I can't afford it.

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There's too many things that are important.

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Jacque Fresco is a futurist.

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A futurist is someone for whom all thoughts and actions

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are based upon what tomorrow could be.

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He has been planning for the future since the 1920s.

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Not only is he a philosopher and theorist

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but an engineer, industrial designer and social planner.

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As a multi-disciplinarian, he has studied everything from theology

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to behaviorism and from biology to the material sciences.

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Jacque Fresco, doesn't want to just talk about

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what today will be like, tomorrow.

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He has a plan to build an entire new world from the ground up.

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(Gazecki) I'd like to go from

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the time you first started conceiving of drawings.

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- Started drawing? Well, that's very early.

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Eight, nine... eight or nine years old.

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- About the future? - Yes.

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I was always interested in the future as far back as I can remember.

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There was a motion picture called Metropolis.

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It was different; it took my attention.

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It was the first out-of-the-box type movie.

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It depicted the future as a regimented system

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which was totally unacceptable

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but the architecture was interesting and the robotics

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in that film were interesting.

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I drew airplanes and cities of the future

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underwater cities, floating cities

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and skyscrapers with landing platforms on them.

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I drew my idea of what a post office ought to be.

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Since the airport was so far from the post office

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they had a truck deliver that, I figured, here's these long post offices

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but why couldn't we land on top, pick up the mail directly and fly onward?

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So, I would draw landing platforms on the rooftops of the buildings

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slightly angular, so the airplane didn't have trouble landing.

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It couldn't be as long, but It'd be slowed up by the incline

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but then on take off they would go in reverse.

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Then I tried ships, drawings of passenger/freighter ships

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then aircraft carriers.

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And I showed it to my principal

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and he said "Have you ever heard of Bucky Fuller?"

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I said "No." So, he said "Would you like to meet him?"

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I said "Yeah, sure. Is he... what is he?"

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He says "He's an inventor like you.

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He thinks up a lot of new things."

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But Mr. Fuller was one of the 20th century's most renown futurists.

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Known primarily as the inventor of the Geodesic dome

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Fuller was a proponent of using technology with a humanistic approach.

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(Fresco) And there was Bucky Fuller.

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He was seated there with his car called the Dymaxium.

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And I said "What does that mean?" And he says "It is the highest form

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that can be attained in shape".

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I talked to him about social things. I said

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"What about changing society to some other form

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whereby all people can benefit from the works of industry?"

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He said "What do you mean?" I said "Well

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"if instead of working people going out on strike

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give them a piece of the action.

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And so if business improved they all got automatic pay.

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If it went down, they got less pay."

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So, he sat back and he said:

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"What are you, some kind of social planner?

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Is that what you want to be?" I said "I don't know what the name is

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but I think that would work. It would give people more incentive."

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He says "Let me tell you something. It's tough enough

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just getting a new automobile out there.

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If you're trying to change society..."

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This was years before he even lectured on things.

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(Gazecki) Albert Einstein once said

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"The problems we have cannot be solved

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at the same level of thinking with which we created them."

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- Did you meet Einstein, Albert Einstein? - Yes.

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- Where did you get the idea to meet Albert Einstein?

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- I was outside a theater called Radio City

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and I saw a woman come out with gray hair sticking up.

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I said "It looks like Einstein's sister" to my friends!

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And then Einstein came out. And I think it was his sister.

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I was just kidding about that.

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And I walked over and I said "Is it possible to meet with you?"

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He said "Why?" I said "I have thousands of questions I want to ask."

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But, he says, uhm "I live in Princeton, New Jersey."

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- So tell me about the day you went and met him.

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- Well, I went to his home. And it was modest.

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I said that there seems to be harmony in nature.

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"How do you feel about that?"

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He says "Yes, the universe is lawful, but

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'harmony', I don't know what you mean by that."

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I said "Well when a rat eats insects

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it may be supporting the rat system but what about the insect system?"

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What he did is he used some water from the backyard swamp water

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and he put it under a microscope and he said "Look

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everything is fighting everything else.

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In the human body, everything is fighting everything else.

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In the ocean, big fish eat little fish".

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I didn't really have enough time to sit there with Einstein

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and go through all kinds of things

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because he didn't seem to be in that area.

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He did (imitating Einstein) "Are you interested in mathematics?"

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(still mocking) Mathematics... are you interested...

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"What boolean geometry means to you?" You know.

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I didn't wanted to get off into that

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because, to me, that would be a sidetrack.

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Mathematics is a tool, just like sociology and anthropology.

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These are all instruments to go into making up the future.

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(Gazecki) When the stock market crashed in 1929, Jacque was only 13 years old.

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Coming of age during in The Great Depression prompted many questions

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for the curious and inquisitive young man.

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Living in New York City, he found the squalor

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and suffering around him difficult to understand.

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The confusion, contradictions and struggles he saw

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left a significant impact on his character.

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(Fresco) Things were so bad that I had no way of looking at it;

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and I thought the rules of the game were somehow screwed up.

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I went to many different meetings: communist meetings

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socialist meetings, fascist meetings

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Mankind United, technocracy

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to see what the world was teaching, including Eastern philosophy.

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And I wanted to know what people thought, what they wanted

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why they gelled on one system.

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And that each time a society arrived at a system

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they tend to keep that system. They didn't even try to go beyond that

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but in technology, whenever we made anything, we try to surpass it.

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The history of civilization, to me then, was the history of change

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social change, human arrangements

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homes, boats, planes, trains;

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all of them were in the process of social evolution

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including our language, our outlook, our values, our behavior.

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(Gazecki) As the Depression wore on, Jacque left New York

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and started hitchhiking around the country.

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In his travels he met many interesting and different people

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most of whom were like himself searching for a way of life

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that was fair and equitable.

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Eventually, he ended up traveling to the warm waters

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and primitive islands of Tahiti.

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(Fresco) I wanted to go to the south seas because I liked the idea

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of the natives sharing things; I've read about that.

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Now, the chief, if he had six wives, and you were strange

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he said "Here's my best wife. Maybe she will please you?"

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They felt their wives gave them so much joy;

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perhaps they'd give a visitor some joy.

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Their thinking about it was different. And that upset...

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It caused me to ponder "gee, that's not the way I saw things.

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Was that the way I saw things, or was that the way I was indoctrinated?"

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That's when I began to ask those questions.

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How do you know that anything you like makes sense, Jacque?

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What about your own values? Think about them; maybe they are senseless.

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[Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941]

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(Gazecki) Concerned that Tahiti would be invaded, Jacque returned to the US

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and joined the army air corps.

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When the war was over thousands of factories stood idle.

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Their manufacturing capacity no longer needed for wartime production.

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Capitalizing on the tremendous capacity available for aluminum fabrication

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Jacque designed and built a house made entirely from aluminum extrusions.

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The result was an innovative and extremely efficient use

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of time and materials.

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(Fresco)The windows, for example, were put in and then

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extrusions snapped in and sit with a seal.

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And so it was very rapid. It took something like twelve minutes

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to put up all the windows.

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Eight hours to put up the building.

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1948, it was unveiled at Warner Bros

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and there were lines all around the studio.

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Thousands of people had come to see it. And airplanes...

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smoke... written in through the sky.

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"Visit The Trend Home at Warner Bros. Studio."

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It was publicized in newspapers. I think the Architectural Record...

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as one of the first mass-produced type homes.

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(Gazecki) Jacque appreciated the challenges of innovative problem solving.

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As he honed his skills he became a competent inventor.

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He always had a research lab and was constantly inventing new products.

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While much of his time was spent pursuing his own interests

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he was also hired by entrepreneurs to design and fabricate

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specific inventions, working in a very broad array of technologies.

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He invented everything from medical and dental devices

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to 3D motion picture projection systems.

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(Fresco) A guy named Jack Moss was a film producer at the time.

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I met him at Warner Bros. Studios. He came to see the Trend Home.

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And he was awed by everything fitting together so sensibly.

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And he said "How do you guys think of these things?"

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So, I began to describe how I thought about things

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then he found me interesting. And he said

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"Come on out to the house." And he had a big estate.

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And he said "Do you think you can make a movie projector

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that projects 3D images without glasses?"

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So I said, "Yes." He said, "How do you know you can do it?

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You've never done it." And I said "That's right."

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But if it's a physical phenomenon I think I can work it out."

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"How are you gonna' do it?" I said "I don't know yet."

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What I did is, I had many different applications

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which I'd rather not describe in detail.

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But I got 3D imaging different ways.

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And the simplest way was projecting the right and left eye image

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from behind the screen at the right eye and the left eye.

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If you moved over to the side you lost your image.

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And Jack wanted Technicolor to go the rest of the way.

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He got them to come out and look at it.

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"How do you do that? It's very interesting."

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I said "We're not at liberty to disclose that

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unless you back the next stage".

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So they said "Well, how do you maintain visual isolation?"

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I said "I still can't discuss that with you."

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They looked at it and it was super clear, no lines.

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They said "That's the best I've seen up to now, but

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it fades at thirty degrees." I said" -Yes, it does."

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"And, at a distance it fades, too, as you move back."

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They said "Can you do anything about that?" I said "Yes.

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That's why you're here to take it to the next stage."

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So, they said, "Look, Jacque, you get rid of the fade

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and you get rid of the distance problem. Then call us."

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That died... like the Trend Home died.

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Then I read in the books on inventions how Alexander Graham Bell

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had to make the telephone before they backed it.

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The Xerox machine had to be made, completely.

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Edison had to make the electric lamp. Nobody backed him

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on the way up...until after he was known.

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(Gazecki) What are these for? What were these all about?

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These are surgical instruments, aren't they?

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- Yes, various types, but those are only some of them.

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You know what a retractor is? - No

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- It holds the skin open while you're operating.

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These are various types of retractors.

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The purpose of that was to rotate

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the bone so it's in line before you put the prosthesis in.

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It rotates the femur, the upper region of the femur.

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Those are tweezers with holes in them...

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If look at the holes in the front... to put the sutures through to guide you

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through the muscle. You put it over the muscle and the holes

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are right through the middle of the muscle. You didn't have to eyeball it.

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- So these are things that you designed...- Long time ago.

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- Under contract? - Oh, yeah. - You contracted to design these things?

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- Yes. I did thousands of different things.

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But this doctor took the patents out in his name.

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But that's all right. I didn't know what was out there.

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I didn't know what I wanted to be.

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Since I looked at all things and tried to change all things.

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Wheelchairs, everything. Make them better... you know.

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I found it easy to invent.

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But, then, inventions cost money and I didn't have money for patents.

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I used to make thousands of different inventions

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and just filed them away, because I had no money.

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I used to spend my savings, whatever I earned

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on what equipment that I needed.

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And if I was working on an artificial leg

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and I was $200 behind,

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I would take my last $200 and work on that.

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I'd solve that problem, but then the rent would be due

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and the electric bills. I couldn't pay them.

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The auctioneers would be sent in to auction off everything in my lab.

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I had to sit back...I couldn't adjust

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to say "Well, I got $25 for rent

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$200 for this, for a machine..."

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I couldn't do that, because I was very near the answers

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and the type of problems I worked on were outside

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of the frame of reference of most science.

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In the fluorescent tube you have high voltage moving along

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and you have a transformer that generates it

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and you put a phosphor material that glows.

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20:36

But the tube is round and the phosphor on that back side does nothing.

tzmofficial 20:36
20:39

It's only the phosphor on the front side.

tzmofficial 20:39
20:43

I want to extrude the tube, so it's elliptical.

tzmofficial 20:43
20:47

You have more light surface in an elliptical tube.

tzmofficial 20:47
20:51

Then I wanted to mirror back, the back of the tube.

tzmofficial 20:51
20:54

Instead of putting a big reflector outside there

tzmofficial 20:54
20:57

put the mirror inside the tube.

tzmofficial 20:57
21:00

I didn't have the money to make that tube.

tzmofficial 21:00
21:02

Then I said "What a hell you are making a tube for?"

tzmofficial 21:03
21:07

Why don't you work on a flat sheet of glass that phosphors, that glows?

tzmofficial 21:07
21:10

Make glass that's electrically conductive.

tzmofficial 21:10
21:13

Well, how do you make a non-conductive electrically conductive?

tzmofficial 21:14
21:18

By putting metallic particles in the glass and phosphors. What would happen?

tzmofficial 21:18
21:22

The electric current would flow through the glass and animate the phosphors.

tzmofficial 21:22
21:24

You had a flat sheet. You don't want a lamp.

tzmofficial 21:24
21:28

A lamp is only giving light on one side.

tzmofficial 21:28
21:31

I wanted the whole surface to glow.

tzmofficial 21:32
21:34

(Gazecki) Over time, Jacque's ideas about the future

tzmofficial 21:34
21:37

became more well-organized and focused.

tzmofficial 21:37
21:41

Gradually, he began to combine his technological expertise

tzmofficial 21:41
21:43

with what he had learned about human behavior

tzmofficial 21:44
21:47

sociology and social structure.

tzmofficial 21:47
21:51

(Fresco) I spent so many years improving area by area, I said "Look,

tzmofficial 21:51
21:55

the whole society is aberrated the way we do things.

tzmofficial 21:55
21:58

Why not redesign society?

tzmofficial 21:58
22:01

It'd be easier than making all these thousands of products--

tzmofficial 22:01
22:04

(Gazecki) You really decided to re-design the culture...

tzmofficial 22:04
22:06

-Because I couldn't get...

tzmofficial 22:06
22:11

patchwork didn't work. It wasn't sufficient.

tzmofficial 22:11
22:13

They thought I was a communist.

tzmofficial 22:14
22:17

After all, the guy wanted to redesign society. What else?

tzmofficial 22:17
22:20

"The Larry King Show" - August,1974

tzmofficial 22:20
22:24

(Larry King) What is a socio-cybernering?

tzmofficial 22:24
22:29

- Socio-cybernering is a new organization

tzmofficial 22:29
22:33

and it represents the application of the most sofisticated forms

tzmofficial 22:33
22:37

of science and technology toward problem solving

tzmofficial 22:37
22:40

so that we can reclaim the environment

tzmofficial 22:40
22:43

which we loused up over the years;

tzmofficial 22:43
22:48

and to build a way of life worthy of man, to humanize society

tzmofficial 22:48
22:53

to break away from the artificiality, the regimentation

tzmofficial 22:53
22:55

that dominates our society today.

tzmofficial 22:55
23:00

Our society seems torn apart and pulled in many directions.

tzmofficial 23:00
23:02

Socio-cyberneering is an approach

tzmofficial 23:03
23:07

at the restructuring of society in humanistic terms.

tzmofficial 23:08
23:10

- Humanistic terms, yes.

tzmofficial 23:13
23:16

(Gazecki) The mission of socio-cyberneering was to build

tzmofficial 23:16
23:18

a residential research center, developing

tzmofficial 23:18
23:22

and demonstrating new technologies and innovative social concepts

tzmofficial 23:22
23:25

within a community setting.

tzmofficial 23:27
23:30

On a barren scrap of land in central Florida

tzmofficial 23:31
23:35

Jacque and a few friends began to build what is now known as

tzmofficial 23:35
23:40

The Venus Project, named after the tiny nearby village of Venus, Florida.

tzmofficial 23:41
23:46

Occupying some 25 acres, 10 buildings have been constructed.

tzmofficial 23:46
23:50

Each utilizes both design, construction and lifestyle concepts

tzmofficial 23:51
23:56

integral to developing a working model of harmony and high productivity

tzmofficial 23:56
24:00

integrating both nature and advanced technology.

tzmofficial 24:00
24:04

Jacque's objective of conducting a complete reassessment and redesign

tzmofficial 24:04
24:08

of our entire culture remains the central focus of his work.

tzmofficial 24:08
24:11

With The Venus Project he has created an environment

tzmofficial 24:11
24:14

conducive to creativity and innovation.

tzmofficial 24:21
24:23

(R. Meadows) When people come here they're amazed to hear

tzmofficial 24:24
24:26

that this was just a flat tomato patch.

tzmofficial 24:26
24:29

We've dug out streams and ponds

tzmofficial 24:29
24:33

and planted hundreds of palm trees and trees

tzmofficial 24:33
24:38

We built this land to show what the outskirts of the city would be like.

tzmofficial 24:38
24:42

We have many buildings here, but you can't see one building when you're in another.

tzmofficial 24:42
24:46

We really wanted to show how high-tech and nature

tzmofficial 24:46
24:49

could coexist within this environment.

tzmofficial 24:51
24:53

(Gazecki) Jacque and Roxanne have been living on the property

tzmofficial 24:53
24:57

and building The Venus Project since the late 1970s.

tzmofficial 24:58
25:00

The entire time has been a constant process of developing

tzmofficial 25:00
25:03

and implementing new ideas.

tzmofficial 25:05
25:09

Jacque begins with a drawing, then produces a scale model

tzmofficial 25:09
25:12

and then videotapes his models in order to demonstrate

tzmofficial 25:12
25:15

his concepts for the future.

tzmofficial 25:29
25:32

Although Venus, Florida is relatively isolated

tzmofficial 25:33
25:36

visitors often make the journey to see The Venus Project

tzmofficial 25:36
25:38

and to meet Jacque.

tzmofficial 25:38
25:41

-Joan. - I'm Margaret. - Hi, Margaret.

tzmofficial 25:41
25:43

I'm not going to remember your names, but...

tzmofficial 25:43
25:47

I'm Jacque. Hi, how are you? Good to see you. How are you?

tzmofficial 25:49
25:52

Have a seat, and then we'll go on with what this is about.

tzmofficial 25:53
25:54

Is everybody here?

tzmofficial 25:56
25:59

So, there was a time when most people believe

tzmofficial 26:00
26:03

that the decisions of the majority

tzmofficial 26:03
26:05

were very close to reality.

tzmofficial 26:06
26:08

But there was also a time when the majority of people

tzmofficial 26:08
26:11

believed the Earth was flat.

tzmofficial 26:11
26:13

And if you asked them whether they were sincere, they said "Of course!

tzmofficial 26:13
26:18

You can see it's flat!" So, they break a sincerity meter.

tzmofficial 26:18
26:21

But it isn't sincerity that the world needs.

tzmofficial 26:21
26:26

It needs the intelligent management of the Earth's resources.

tzmofficial 26:27
26:30

It's what we don't have. The major contribution...

tzmofficial 26:31
26:34

The Future by Design would like to provide is

tzmofficial 26:34
26:38

a method of coping with problems.

tzmofficial 26:38
26:42

Now, you're brought up to believe, I believe this

tzmofficial 26:42
26:45

that everyone should have a right to their own opinion.

tzmofficial 26:45
26:48

Isn't that the way you were brought up? - Yes, sir. - Okay.

tzmofficial 26:48
26:50

When you got everybody going around and giving their opinion

tzmofficial 26:51
26:55

"I'll tell you what's wrong with Jim!" They've got all kinds of opinions.

tzmofficial 26:55
26:59

But when engineers talk to each other they don't say "Believe me."

tzmofficial 26:59
27:01

They say "See this new metal?

tzmofficial 27:01
27:04

It can hold up 4,000 pounds per square inch."

tzmofficial 27:04
27:07

He puts it in a machine and pulls it apart and he says "You're right!"

tzmofficial 27:08
27:13

I would say that the majority of the people of the world today are unsane.

tzmofficial 27:13
27:15

Not insane, unsane meaning:

tzmofficial 27:16
27:18

having been exposed to methods of evaluation

tzmofficial 27:19
27:22

that are long rendered obsolete.

tzmofficial 27:22
27:25

Our language in the future will change to a saner language

tzmofficial 27:26
27:28

where we have no argument in it.

tzmofficial 27:28
27:31

I said "Can there be such a language?" There is!

tzmofficial 27:31
27:36

When engineers talk to each other it's not subject to interpretation.

tzmofficial 27:36
27:39

They use math; they use descriptive systems.

tzmofficial 27:39
27:44

If I interpreted what another engineer said in the way I think he meant it

tzmofficial 27:45
27:48

you couldn't build bridges. You couldn't build dams

tzmofficial 27:48
27:50

or power transmission lines.

tzmofficial 27:50
27:52

The language has to have meaning.

tzmofficial 27:52
27:56

That's why when a doctor writes a prescription, if he prints it.

tzmofficial 27:56
27:58

It's the same all over the world.

tzmofficial 27:59
28:02

The world I'm talking about is different.

tzmofficial 28:03
28:06

(Meadows) There aren't too many people that have seen everything

tzmofficial 28:06
28:08

that he's gone through in the past

tzmofficial 28:08
28:10

and come out of it with a certain direction.

tzmofficial 28:10
28:14

And the interesting thing is, too, is that he's not a philosopher

tzmofficial 28:14
28:17

that talks about how the world should be. His point of view.

tzmofficial 28:17
28:21

He's a technician that understands how it can be built

tzmofficial 28:21
28:25

and has worked with people and understands what it takes to change them

tzmofficial 28:25
28:29

and understands what it was that made them that way.

tzmofficial 28:29
28:32

So it's really based on hands-on learning

tzmofficial 28:32
28:34

and not reading something in a book.

tzmofficial 28:34
28:38

He went through the experiences himself

tzmofficial 28:39
28:41

and came out with the conclusions he did

tzmofficial 28:41
28:45

because it was based on actually learning-experience

tzmofficial 28:45
28:48

and experiments.

tzmofficial 28:50
28:55

(Fresco) When an engineer has an idea he talks to the computer about his idea.

tzmofficial 28:55
28:59

While they're talking about it the integrated computerized system

tzmofficial 28:59
29:02

will take the elements that they're speaking about

tzmofficial 29:02
29:05

convert the language into imagery

tzmofficial 29:05
29:07

and the image will turn

tzmofficial 29:07
29:10

and be exposed to all of the people watching

tzmofficial 29:10
29:13

at the exhibit and presentation.

tzmofficial 29:13
29:15

They will question the presentation

tzmofficial 29:15
29:18

but the image system will answer the questions

tzmofficial 29:18
29:22

how the buildings are fabricated, how water is supplied

tzmofficial 29:22
29:25

how it handles earthquakes, or any other question.

tzmofficial 29:25
29:29

Instead of people sitting around asking individual questions

tzmofficial 29:29
29:33

the answers are demonstrated inside

tzmofficial 29:33
29:36

of what appears to be a transparent dome.

tzmofficial 29:36
29:40

Ideas are not just verbal, because when you talk verbally

tzmofficial 29:40
29:44

it does not deliver enough information to people.

tzmofficial 29:44
29:47

A more comprehensive system of communication

tzmofficial 29:47
29:50

is 3-dimensional imaging always

tzmofficial 29:50
29:52

showing people what you've got in mind

tzmofficial 29:52
29:56

not what they think you've got in mind.

tzmofficial 29:57
30:02

- Designed with a holographic computer and built from prefabricated materials

tzmofficial 30:02
30:06

the home of the future will be far more than just a residence.

tzmofficial 30:06
30:08

It will be an element of lifestyle

tzmofficial 30:08
30:13

and will facilitate learning, inspiration and communication.

tzmofficial 30:13
30:18

(Fresco) One of the most interesting aspects of tomorrow's civilization

tzmofficial 30:18
30:21

will be the fact that if you knew anyone fairly well

tzmofficial 30:22
30:25

and went to visit them in a period of time of just a few years

tzmofficial 30:25
30:29

their houses will change, because the people living in them change.

tzmofficial 30:29
30:33

Their needs and dimension of knowledge grows considerably

tzmofficial 30:33
30:36

and so will the environment that they live in. There's no such thing

tzmofficial 30:36
30:40

as a fixed home that a person lives in all their lives.

tzmofficial 30:40
30:43

It changes with their values, with their outlook

tzmofficial 30:43
30:45

with their acquired knowledge.

tzmofficial 30:45
30:47

- You had said one thing about how the buildings

tzmofficial 30:47
30:50

were designed according to function. -Yes

tzmofficial 30:50
30:54

- The curvature, and the materials, and the... -Yes

tzmofficial 30:54
30:56

I compare it to natural physiology

tzmofficial 30:57
31:01

an animal's shape is not designed from the outside in;

tzmofficial 31:01
31:04

It evolves from the inside out.

tzmofficial 31:04
31:08

Whatever you request, the exterior will express

tzmofficial 31:09
31:12

a cover over the shape that you'd prefer to live in.

tzmofficial 31:16
31:19

Some of the buildings that are dome-shaped

tzmofficial 31:19
31:22

can be laid like eggs continuously

tzmofficial 31:22
31:25

by a machine that carries a dome shape.

tzmofficial 31:25
31:28

And in that dome the exterior

tzmofficial 31:28
31:31

and the interior fabricate at the same time.

tzmofficial 31:37
31:40

Not everyone will choose to live in a dome.

tzmofficial 31:43
31:45

They will choose to live in whatever architectural shape

tzmofficial 31:46
31:48

would meet their needs.

tzmofficial 31:48
31:51

The reason why we suggest a dome

tzmofficial 31:51
31:54

is it uses the minimum amount of materials and

tzmofficial 31:55
32:00

covers the maximum areas and offers maximum strength.

tzmofficial 32:00
32:06

The dome shape is included in almost all of nature.

tzmofficial 32:06
32:10

Your brain is in a dome. The cranial case is in a dome.

tzmofficial 32:10
32:13

When a person says "Yeah, I don't think I'd want to live in a dome";

tzmofficial 32:13
32:16

you've been living in a dome most of your life.

tzmofficial 32:18
32:21

The interior of the building will have no source of light.

tzmofficial 32:21
32:25

You won't be able to see a lamp or source of light.

tzmofficial 32:25
32:30

All the walls would have even illumination.

tzmofficial 32:30
32:33

You can also specify the color of the illumination.

tzmofficial 32:34
32:38

Either, the entire inner surface or local areas

tzmofficial 32:38
32:41

of different color; if this is your request.

tzmofficial 32:43
32:46

This will be the simplest type of bathroom

tzmofficial 32:46
32:51

shower, sink, toilet bowl, molded into one system.

tzmofficial 32:51
32:55

Actually, there's no hardware on here.

tzmofficial 32:55
32:59

but there's a slot and the water comes out as a ribbon

tzmofficial 32:59
33:01

and that'll cut the soap off the hand

tzmofficial 33:02
33:05

and use about 1/6th the amount of water.

tzmofficial 33:05
33:08

Now, the waste water from the sink

tzmofficial 33:08
33:12

goes down into a pipe around here and fills the water closet

tzmofficial 33:12
33:15

and we flush the john with that water.

tzmofficial 33:15
33:20

Instead of telling people to save water, build a system in.

tzmofficial 33:20
33:23

This is what it's all about, if you wish to conserve water.

tzmofficial 33:23
33:27

The bathrooms may vary from that simple style

tzmofficial 33:27
33:32

to slightly more complex, but all one piece.

tzmofficial 33:32
33:36

There may be as many as fifty variations on a bathroom.

tzmofficial 33:36
33:39

You pick what you want and then it's installed.

tzmofficial 33:43
33:47

When you leave the building, the entire building is clean.

tzmofficial 33:50
33:53

We also have a slight increase in air pressure in the building;

tzmofficial 33:53
33:56

so no dust comes in your house from the outside.

tzmofficial 33:58
34:01

If there's any contaminants in the air

tzmofficial 34:01
34:05

it increases the electrostatic charge, which removes contaminants.

tzmofficial 34:08
34:12

It would be a smart house, because the house has its own nervous system.

tzmofficial 34:13
34:15

This is what I'm saying.

tzmofficial 34:18
34:22

In the future houses will have many sensory devices

tzmofficial 34:22
34:25

to detect fire, toxic materials

tzmofficial 34:25
34:28

anything that may threaten the life of a human being.

tzmofficial 34:28
34:30

If you walked into the house of the future

tzmofficial 34:30
34:32

you might say "Can I use your phone?"

tzmofficial 34:33
34:35

I'd say "Well, what's a phone?"

tzmofficial 34:35
34:39

You'd just say "I'd like to talk to Sam in Arabia".

tzmofficial 34:39
34:41

"What part of Arabia?" You just announce what you want

tzmofficial 34:41
34:44

and the sound would be focused and at some point

tzmofficial 34:44
34:48

you are standing, right at your ear. So, you can hear Sam in Arabia.

tzmofficial 34:53
34:56

In southern Florida, millions of dollars

tzmofficial 34:56
34:59

in buildings were destroyed by the big hurricane there

tzmofficial 35:00
35:03

and they'd put up buildings that look just about the same.

tzmofficial 35:03
35:05

If you don't want hurricane damage...

tzmofficial 35:05
35:10

an inverted cone...it's almost impossible

tzmofficial 35:10
35:13

for a whirlwind to pick up an inverted cone.

tzmofficial 35:13
35:15

We would have these shelters built

tzmofficial 35:15
35:18

in the West Indies or wherever hurricanes occur.

tzmofficial 35:18
35:22

Inside would be pull-down bedding

tzmofficial 35:22
35:25

food storage and emergency water.

tzmofficial 35:25
35:30

This is the kind of form that no vortex or wind can pick up.

tzmofficial 35:30
35:33

Try to pick this up with greasy fingers

tzmofficial 35:33
35:36

and that's similar to the wind whirling around it.

tzmofficial 35:52
35:55

(Gazecki) For apartment buildings and other large structures

tzmofficial 35:55
35:59

Jacque has devised a cybernated construction system.

tzmofficial 35:59
36:02

Computer-controlled robots will handle 90%

tzmofficial 36:02
36:06

of the movement and placement of prefabricated components.

tzmofficial 36:07
36:09

Special advanced materials are to be developed

tzmofficial 36:09
36:13

eliminating waste and minimizing the need for manual labor.

tzmofficial 36:13
36:16

Guided by satellite and using a sophisticated form

tzmofficial 36:16
36:20

of artificial intelligence, the buildings will construct themselves;

tzmofficial 36:20
36:24

a technique Jacque has named "self-erecting structures".

tzmofficial 36:29
36:34

This represents a relatively complex aluminum extrusion.

tzmofficial 36:34
36:37

If you were to take a toothpaste tube

tzmofficial 36:37
36:42

cut the letter "T" in the opening and squeeze the toothpaste

tzmofficial 36:42
36:44

it would come out like the letter "T";

tzmofficial 36:45
36:47

and this is how extrusions are made.

tzmofficial 36:48
36:51

However, in the future it may be possible

tzmofficial 36:52
36:55

to extrude complete apartment houses

tzmofficial 36:55
36:58

apartment building units or modules.

tzmofficial 37:00
37:04

This extruder can be faced with different dies

tzmofficial 37:04
37:06

to mold different shapes.

tzmofficial 37:06
37:10

Almost an infinite variety of shapes can be extruded.

tzmofficial 37:11
37:15

So, it would be the apartment of your preference that's extruded.

tzmofficial 37:16
37:20

So, any shape, or almost any extruded shape

tzmofficial 37:21
37:25

can be designed to fit many different architectural arrangements.

tzmofficial 37:29
37:32

This is a transitional type structure

tzmofficial 37:32
37:37

which utilizes cranes to lift the components of the building.

tzmofficial 37:38
37:41

Eventually, the building itself will be part

tzmofficial 37:41
37:44

of the self-erecting structure.

tzmofficial 37:50
37:53

Don't forget all the models that I do are only transitional.

tzmofficial 37:53
37:57

They don't represent the best that man can turn out

tzmofficial 37:57
38:00

because no one knows what the future will bring.

tzmofficial 38:00
38:04

There's just so many variables that can alter things.

tzmofficial 38:05
38:08

So the models that I make are all transitional.

tzmofficial 38:08
38:12

And many of them are only conceptual; they're not necessarily

tzmofficial 38:12
38:15

what the future might look like.

tzmofficial 38:17
38:19

Let's say they're extrapolations

tzmofficial 38:19
38:23

of taking the present and extrapolating forward.

tzmofficial 38:23
38:26

But we can't go too far forward

tzmofficial 38:26
38:30

because we don't know what new things will come into being.

tzmofficial 38:41
38:44

This looks like a train station.

tzmofficial 38:44
38:48

We hope to phase out the airplane by designing

tzmofficial 38:49
38:52

transportation units that can move up to 2000 miles an hour

tzmofficial 38:52
38:56

floating on a magnetic repulsive field or an air cushion.

tzmofficial 38:56
38:59

In those huge trains of tomorrow there'll be television

tzmofficial 39:00
39:02

radio, amusement, art centers, classrooms;

tzmofficial 39:02
39:06

not a group of seats lined up as your trains are today.

tzmofficial 39:06
39:08

If forty or fifty people have to leave the train

tzmofficial 39:09
39:10

we slow up to a hundred miles an hour

tzmofficial 39:10
39:13

lift off the passenger section or slide it off

tzmofficial 39:14
39:16

and slide on a section with the passengers getting on.

tzmofficial 39:16
39:19

You don't have to stop the whole plane, or the train.

tzmofficial 39:19
39:22

In the future we will just shove off those passengers

tzmofficial 39:22
39:24

getting off and that freight leaving.

tzmofficial 39:24
39:26

This is part of the linear acceleration train

tzmofficial 39:27
39:30

that can take you anywhere in the world in just a few hours;

tzmofficial 39:30
39:33

safely, without snow, rain, being lost at sea...

tzmofficial 39:47
39:51

A monorail is one of the methods of transportation.

tzmofficial 39:51
39:55

Some of them can be suspended by magnetic levitation.

tzmofficial 39:55
39:58

Others can use wheels and ride the rails.

tzmofficial 40:01
40:06

This is an aerial perspective of a monorail station

tzmofficial 40:06
40:09

with entrance and exits on the side of the highway.

tzmofficial 40:09
40:12

This is actually a true monorail

tzmofficial 40:12
40:17

because it is one rail system that supports two trains.

tzmofficial 40:17
40:22

Most monorails aren't really monorail; they consist of two tracks.

tzmofficial 40:23
40:25

This is accomplished on one track.

tzmofficial 40:42
40:47

The vehicles of the future will be highly aerodynamic in shape.

tzmofficial 40:47
40:51

Their shape will permit the minimum amount of skin resistance

tzmofficial 40:51
40:56

giving you the maximum distance for minimum fuel consumption.

tzmofficial 40:56
40:59

The front end of the car will be equipped with radar or sonar

tzmofficial 40:59
41:03

or other sensory devices that can detect the distance

tzmofficial 41:03
41:08

you are from other vehicles and maintain that separation automatically.

tzmofficial 41:08
41:13

In other words, on a highway or anywhere where two cars

tzmofficial 41:13
41:16

might hit each other, the electronic sensors

tzmofficial 41:16
41:19

would sense the distance automatically

tzmofficial 41:19
41:24

and keep the cars from side-swiping or making contact at all.

tzmofficial 41:24
41:29

Even if they did and then pinched a slight dent in the car

tzmofficial 41:29
41:31

the car would be made up of the memory materials;

tzmofficial 41:32
41:34

shape-memory alloys that go back

tzmofficial 41:34
41:37

to their original shape even when dented.

tzmofficial 41:38
41:41

I'm going to take this metal called nitinol.

tzmofficial 41:42
41:46

This wire, or spring, is wound around a mandrel and

tzmofficial 41:46
41:51

heated to a specific temperature and held until it cools.

tzmofficial 41:51
41:56

Then, when you pull it out beyond its elastic limit

tzmofficial 41:56
41:59

so it's not about to return to the spring shape

tzmofficial 41:59
42:03

and then you form it in many different ways.

tzmofficial 42:03
42:07

If it's heated... I'll put it on this form

tzmofficial 42:07
42:10

so it won't drift away

tzmofficial 42:10
42:12

and I'm going to heat that metal

tzmofficial 42:12
42:16

you can watch it return to its original shape.

tzmofficial 42:16
42:18

It's called "shape-memory alloys".

tzmofficial 42:18
42:21

It could be done in plastics, metals

tzmofficial 42:21
42:24

or any other materials in the future.

tzmofficial 42:24
42:26

Watch how it returns.

tzmofficial 42:35
42:38

Even if there's an area of the car we removed

tzmofficial 42:38
42:43

they can be rebuilt, in other words, automatically

tzmofficial 42:43
42:47

by the car having a memory system of its configuration

tzmofficial 42:48
42:50

just, like the human body, just like, perhaps

tzmofficial 42:51
42:56

in lizards and salamanders and certain types of organisms today

tzmofficial 42:56
42:59

can regenerate parts of their body.

tzmofficial 42:59
43:03

The technology of the future will enable our automotive vehicles

tzmofficial 43:03
43:07

to repair and regenerate damaged areas.

tzmofficial 43:18
43:22

This is a transport unit, or air-suspended unit.

tzmofficial 43:22
43:26

It will travel five or four feet above the ground

tzmofficial 43:26
43:28

and not requiring highways or bridges.

tzmofficial 43:28
43:31

You can turn around by electrodynamic means

tzmofficial 43:31
43:33

discharging air from the right or the left side

tzmofficial 43:34
43:39

not by tunneled air paths, but just by attracting or repelling air.

tzmofficial 43:49
43:52

I did this about 65 years ago.

tzmofficial 43:52
43:55

This is what an automobile will look like in the future.

tzmofficial 43:55
43:58

It'll have sensors on it. So, if I got mad at you

tzmofficial 43:58
44:00

and, when I get within a certain distance, the breaks go on.

tzmofficial 44:01
44:04

If I'm backing up and there's a child crossing, the car stops.

tzmofficial 44:04
44:07

No one drowns in a swimming pool, because a net comes up

tzmofficial 44:07
44:09

when you're not home. Is that clear?

tzmofficial 44:09
44:13

If somebody falls in the pool and you're busy cooking...

tzmofficial 44:13
44:16

the child sinks to the bottom, a tight net comes up right away.

tzmofficial 44:16
44:19

What do you want? What kind of world do you want?

tzmofficial 44:20
44:24

What you see here is just glimpses of the future.

tzmofficial 44:25
44:29

So, we'll go and look the place over so you've got a better idea.

tzmofficial 44:32
44:35

That area over there, across the water

tzmofficial 44:35
44:39

we will build a very large dome like a center for dialogue

tzmofficial 44:40
44:42

to invite different people out here.

tzmofficial 45:16
45:19

This is a freighter with separate sections.

tzmofficial 45:19
45:22

This freighter can deliver this to the Philippines

tzmofficial 45:22
45:25

drop this off in Hawaii... And so

tzmofficial 45:25
45:28

when all of the freight bays are released

tzmofficial 45:28
45:32

they are propelled automatically to the loading docks.

tzmofficial 45:33
45:36

And then the forward portion of the ship and the rear portion

tzmofficial 45:36
45:39

which is the propulsion unit, are joined together.

tzmofficial 45:39
45:42

So you always travel at a balanced load;

tzmofficial 45:42
45:45

you never travel with an empty hull back.

tzmofficial 45:45
45:51

Using energy that way conserves millions of gallons of fuel

tzmofficial 45:51
45:54

if you use fuel in a conventional sense.

tzmofficial 45:56
46:00

This is a possible propulsion method. In this instance

tzmofficial 46:00
46:04

water is drawn toward the surface of the ship electrodynamically.

tzmofficial 46:05
46:08

And, in turn, the ship's reaction is forward

tzmofficial 46:09
46:11

away from the pressure toward the rear.

tzmofficial 46:11
46:15

It's like holding a peach pit, and squeezing it, and it moves forward.

tzmofficial 46:16
46:19

It has far less wake

tzmofficial 46:19
46:21

less water turbulence

tzmofficial 46:21
46:24

and very little energy consumed.

tzmofficial 46:26
46:29

What you see here is an illustration

tzmofficial 46:29
46:32

of underwater transportation for the future.

tzmofficial 46:33
46:37

At the very leading edge air bubbles will be emitted

tzmofficial 46:37
46:39

very rapidly in front of the unit

tzmofficial 46:39
46:41

and that will cut down the resistance considerably.

tzmofficial 46:42
46:44

If you were to release thousands of air bubbles

tzmofficial 46:44
46:46

underneath the ship, it would sink

tzmofficial 46:47
46:50

because the water is less buoyant with the air bubbles in it.

tzmofficial 46:51
46:53

The air bubbles will be a system in the future

tzmofficial 46:53
46:56

for reducing the forward resistance.

tzmofficial 46:57
47:01

Transporting things underwater is much more economical

tzmofficial 47:02
47:04

and offers much less resistance.

tzmofficial 47:05
47:07

When traveling on the surface, you're confronted

tzmofficial 47:07
47:09

with waves and wave motion.

tzmofficial 47:10
47:13

Underwater you don't have that problem at all.

tzmofficial 47:18
47:23

We talk about civilization as though it's a static state.

tzmofficial 47:23
47:25

There are no civilized people yet.

tzmofficial 47:25
47:28

It's a process that's constantly going on.

tzmofficial 47:28
47:32

We're not civilized. It's an ongoing process;

tzmofficial 47:32
47:35

and so we never become fully civilized.

tzmofficial 47:35
47:38

We'd have to know quite a bit in order to behave

tzmofficial 47:39
47:41

in the most constructive manner.

tzmofficial 47:41
47:44

And that goes for intelligence.

tzmofficial 47:44
47:48

I don't know if I've talked to you about an electrical engineer

tzmofficial 47:48
47:52

of 75 years ago, an intelligent one, couldn't get a job today.

tzmofficial 47:53
47:56

When you're talking about intelligence, what are you talking about?

tzmofficial 47:56
47:58

It's an ongoing process.

tzmofficial 47:58
48:01

That's why there's no such thing as an intelligent person.

tzmofficial 48:01
48:05

There are people that are fairly well-informed in area A and B

tzmofficial 48:06
48:08

not informed in area C.

tzmofficial 48:08
48:11

When you go on with a word like civilization

tzmofficial 48:11
48:14

it sounds like something that was attained.

tzmofficial 48:14
48:18

As long as you have war, police, prisons, crime

tzmofficial 48:18
48:20

you're in the early stages of civilization;

tzmofficial 48:21
48:23

what they call civilization.

tzmofficial 48:40
48:43

This type of helicopter, or aircraft

tzmofficial 48:44
48:47

would have its propulsion unit at the tip of the blades.

tzmofficial 48:47
48:50

They'd be relatively small, high thrust.

tzmofficial 48:52
48:55

The center of the disc, or the passenger compartment

tzmofficial 48:55
48:59

would remain stationary while the blades spun around.

tzmofficial 49:00
49:02

In the event of engine failure

tzmofficial 49:02
49:07

the blades can automatically gyrate and bring the craft down

tzmofficial 49:07
49:11

not only vertically but can travel forward by tilting.

tzmofficial 49:16
49:20

You will notice that there are no ailerons or elevators on this plane.

tzmofficial 49:20
49:24

It's operated in a different manner, also by ion propulsion.

tzmofficial 49:25
49:30

Electron discharge is much lighter, much cheaper, much safer

tzmofficial 49:30
49:33

much faster and less energy consumed.

tzmofficial 49:34
49:37

In the future, by controlling the airflow

tzmofficial 49:37
49:40

over wings and the direction of it

tzmofficial 49:40
49:45

the need for a rudder will be rendered obsolete.

tzmofficial 49:50
49:53

For individual transportation of small groups

tzmofficial 49:53
49:56

you have the vertical landing and take-off

tzmofficial 49:56
50:01

VTOL aircraft of the future. They are called "lift fuselage".

tzmofficial 50:01
50:04

The body itself generates the lift

tzmofficial 50:04
50:08

for this type of aircraft. It is propelled electronically

tzmofficial 50:08
50:12

meaning particles are electrified and discharged

tzmofficial 50:12
50:16

from the rear of the craft; which propel the craft forward.

tzmofficial 50:16
50:21

For hovering, we then eject the same propellant downward

tzmofficial 50:22
50:27

and generate a ring vortex, a whirling vortex beneath the craft.

tzmofficial 50:27
50:31

The control of that vortex determines the speed downward.

tzmofficial 50:43
50:47

We're going over to the model dome where we have models

tzmofficial 50:47
50:51

of future type buildings and how they go together.

tzmofficial 50:57
50:59

Here you have the city system.

tzmofficial 51:00
51:03

I put domes here, but there'll be many variations.

tzmofficial 51:03
51:05

In other words... - What are those?

tzmofficial 51:06
51:09

- These are research centers. - Okay. -This is medicine

tzmofficial 51:09
51:13

agronomy, population designing

tzmofficial 51:13
51:16

improvement of products, energy systems.

tzmofficial 51:17
51:19

Energy in the future will be geothermal, most of it.

tzmofficial 51:19
51:22

You can get that from the earth. There's enough geothermal energy

tzmofficial 51:22
51:25

for thousands of years without worrying about anything.

tzmofficial 51:25
51:30

I'm not talking about solar, wind power or wave power

tzmofficial 51:30
51:33

or tidal power. All that is extra.

tzmofficial 51:33
51:37

There's no shortage of anything except brains in Washington.

tzmofficial 51:37
51:40

- You can't make money from the sun. - What's that?

tzmofficial 51:40
51:45

- You can't make money from the sun! - No, you can't. Exactly that.

tzmofficial 51:46
51:49

All these buildings can come apart and be recycled.

tzmofficial 51:50
51:53

Now if you follow me we'll go to the future.

tzmofficial 51:56
51:59

(Larry King) Alright, let's explore the thinking of Jacque Fresco

tzmofficial 52:00
52:02

and the society he'd like to see.

tzmofficial 52:03
52:05

We'll start with this, and you tell me...

tzmofficial 52:05
52:08

- I'll try to point it out. - Yeah, you can point right at it.

tzmofficial 52:08
52:11

- Most of the cities are based on natural configurations

tzmofficial 52:12
52:14

basic designs in nature. The center of the city

tzmofficial 52:15
52:18

the nucleus, will house an electronic computer

tzmofficial 52:18
52:23

which only controls water purification, the atmospheric conditions

tzmofficial 52:23
52:26

that is, it controls air contamination systems

tzmofficial 52:26
52:29

they maintain safety, they oversee the environment

tzmofficial 52:29
52:34

maintain ecological balance between animal life and plant life.

tzmofficial 52:34
52:36

The center of the city is a university.

tzmofficial 52:36
52:41

A university that covers all subjects related to man.

tzmofficial 52:41
52:44

There's no courses that are used to exploit

tzmofficial 52:44
52:47

or abuse any other human being.

tzmofficial 52:47
52:51

All repetitious jobs will be phased out.

tzmofficial 52:51
52:54

We feel that machines ought to do the filthy

tzmofficial 52:54
52:57

or the repetitious, or the boring jobs

tzmofficial 52:57
53:01

that man has to be free to pursue the higher things

tzmofficial 53:01
53:03

the higher possibilities of man.

tzmofficial 53:08
53:11

(Gazecki) You came up with this idea for a round city.

tzmofficial 53:12
53:14

- A round city. A round governmental branch.

tzmofficial 53:14
53:19

Extending out of it would be the department of agriculture

tzmofficial 53:19
53:24

education, oceanography, the disciplines.

tzmofficial 53:27
53:31

The circular scheme, or plan, brings each district

tzmofficial 53:31
53:35

closer to the central dome, which contains the medical

tzmofficial 53:35
53:39

food, shopping, everything else that people need.

tzmofficial 53:39
53:43

The circular arrangement makes it easier to operate

tzmofficial 53:43
53:46

using far less energy than any other system.

tzmofficial 53:47
53:50

If you start at one end of the city and go through the city

tzmofficial 53:50
53:52

you'll always return to the same place.

tzmofficial 53:52
53:54

Whereas, in a linear city, you go to one end

tzmofficial 53:55
53:57

you have to backtrack to get to the same point.

tzmofficial 53:58
54:02

The circular scheme is, by far, the most efficient.

tzmofficial 54:02
54:04

When cities are contracted in the future

tzmofficial 54:04
54:08

they will be contracted as a whole, as an entire system.

tzmofficial 54:09
54:12

In that way, all of the parts and components

tzmofficial 54:12
54:15

would be delivered in stages, like sequence one

tzmofficial 54:16
54:19

will be the underground: the heating system

tzmofficial 54:19
54:24

the electric generators, the piping systems, the recycling systems.

tzmofficial 54:24
54:27

After that, the next layer, which would serve

tzmofficial 54:27
54:32

as the first layer that contains the architecture

tzmofficial 54:32
54:34

the foundations for all the buildings.

tzmofficial 54:34
54:38

After that, the erection of structures up from the foundations

tzmofficial 54:39
54:42

starting with the central portion of the city

tzmofficial 54:42
54:46

working its way out to the different radial sectors

tzmofficial 54:46
54:49

and then out to the final housing sectors

tzmofficial 54:49
54:54

and then to the agricultural belt, and then to the recreation areas.

tzmofficial 54:56
54:59

The cities themselves are prefabricated.

tzmofficial 54:59
55:03

Most of the elements that comprise the structures of the cities

tzmofficial 55:04
55:06

are interchangeable, interlocking.

tzmofficial 55:06
55:09

They are designed so they can be disassembled

tzmofficial 55:09
55:11

just as they were assembled.

tzmofficial 55:11
55:15

The new cities will be updated continuously.

tzmofficial 55:17
55:20

As the waters are piped into the cities

tzmofficial 55:20
55:24

they are checked. To whatever extent contamination exists

tzmofficial 55:24
55:27

the water processing plants evaporate the water

tzmofficial 55:27
55:30

recondense it and cleanse it.

tzmofficial 55:31
55:34

All waters piped into the city will be monitored constantly

tzmofficial 55:35
55:39

not by a monitoring system, but several monitoring systems.

tzmofficial 55:39
55:42

The same is true of the air above and around the city:

tzmofficial 55:42
55:45

it's constantly monitored.

tzmofficial 55:48
55:51

All of the rooftops are photovoltaic.

tzmofficial 55:52
55:54

All of the skin, outer skin of the building

tzmofficial 55:54
55:58

convert solar radiation into electrical energy.

tzmofficial 55:59
56:03

As we move beyond the third sector

tzmofficial 56:03
56:06

we come to tennis courts, parks.

tzmofficial 56:07
56:10

Beyond that is the residential district, which consists of lakes

tzmofficial 56:10
56:15

waterfalls, all kinds of beautiful plants throughout the area.

tzmofficial 56:15
56:18

Each house is concealed by plants

tzmofficial 56:18
56:22

so you can't see another building. Some people prefer

tzmofficial 56:22
56:25

as in the next sector, to live in apartment houses.

tzmofficial 56:26
56:30

The apartments have drama groups, recreation, swimming pools

tzmofficial 56:31
56:34

discussion groups and so many other facilities.

tzmofficial 56:34
56:38

The disadvantage of living in a private home is you would have to go

tzmofficial 56:38
56:42

to the various places to access the same things.

tzmofficial 56:43
56:46

Instead of motor vehicles in the city

tzmofficial 56:46
56:50

all transportation is carried on by circular conveyors

tzmofficial 56:50
56:53

that we call transveyors.

tzmofficial 56:53
56:57

They move radially, circumferentially and vertically.

tzmofficial 56:57
57:02

They serve the function of elevators, buses, conveyors.

tzmofficial 57:02
57:05

If you wish to go to another city, you can take an elevator

tzmofficial 57:05
57:10

down beneath the central dome, which has Maglev trains, etc.

tzmofficial 57:10
57:12

that will transport you to the center

tzmofficial 57:12
57:15

of any other city or any other region.

tzmofficial 57:17
57:19

There will be no waste products, just as in nature

tzmofficial 57:20
57:22

there are no waste products. All materials

tzmofficial 57:22
57:25

that we would formerly called waste would be recycled

tzmofficial 57:25
57:28

and converted into new products.

tzmofficial 57:30
57:33

When the city hits a certain number of people

tzmofficial 57:34
57:38

we stop the development and let everything go back to nature

tzmofficial 57:38
57:41

between this and the next city.

tzmofficial 57:45
57:48

It doesn't mean that we can solve all the problems.

tzmofficial 57:48
57:52

We can just design and build a far better environment

tzmofficial 57:52
57:55

to advance all human beings.

tzmofficial 58:03
58:05

Not everybody will live in a dome.

tzmofficial 58:06
58:10

This is different types of architecture; this may be a vacation house.

tzmofficial 58:10
58:13

I don't know what people will choose to live in

tzmofficial 58:13
58:16

but that would be up to each individual.

tzmofficial 58:17
58:20

What we want to do is build cities in the sea.

tzmofficial 58:21
58:24

You pick the city you want to live in. Some of these cities

tzmofficial 58:24
58:28

are for ocean mining. The oceans have tungsten, manganese

tzmofficial 58:28
58:32

phosphorous; all kinds of chemical stuff we may need.

tzmofficial 58:32
58:34

They're made available to all people.

tzmofficial 58:34
58:37

You don't have to worry about being blind in the future.

tzmofficial 58:37
58:40

We design cities so you can hear an open door

tzmofficial 58:40
58:44

and you can sense a table, because you have built-in sensors.

tzmofficial 58:44
58:48

We work on making artificial methods for visual

tzmofficial 58:48
58:51

for everybody, because anybody can lose their eyesight.

tzmofficial 58:51
58:54

There's no more nickels and dimes for medical research.

tzmofficial 58:54
58:59

This is what the army of the future is all about.

tzmofficial 59:03
59:06

There's usually an alligator sleeping down here.

tzmofficial 59:18
59:21

(King) Are you betting that people will not declare war on each other, so that

tzmofficial 59:21
59:25

you can get at building all of this? -We don't have much choice.

tzmofficial 59:25
59:28

We're going to destroy each other, or we're going to make it.

tzmofficial 59:28
59:32

-This looks like some sort of submerged stadium with something...

tzmofficial 59:33
59:35

- We might build circular cities in the sea

tzmofficial 59:35
59:38

where the water is about 30-35 feet deep.

tzmofficial 59:39
59:42

Most of the apartment houses will open out into the sea.

tzmofficial 59:44
59:46

You can observe marine life and fish swimming by.

tzmofficial 59:46
59:49

There will be no zoos, no seaquariums.

tzmofficial 59:49
59:52

Everything will be observed in natural conditions.

tzmofficial 59:53
59:56

There will be boating, scuba diving, recreation, universities

tzmofficial 59:56
59:58

built in the sea.

tzmofficial 1:00:00
1:00:03

- Are these drawings all made by you? - Yes.

tzmofficial 1:00:19
1:00:22

(Fresco) This represents a blueprint

tzmofficial 1:00:22
1:00:25

of the basic structure of the city in the sea.

tzmofficial 1:00:25
1:00:29

There are helicopter landing areas on the upper section.

tzmofficial 1:00:29
1:00:32

There are cranes that travel around the entire upper portion

tzmofficial 1:00:32
1:00:36

of the structure. The legs are designed to move up and down

tzmofficial 1:00:36
1:00:40

to support the structure and rest on the sea bed.

tzmofficial 1:00:43
1:00:46

What are these cities in the sea for?

tzmofficial 1:00:46
1:00:49

Some of them represent hospitals

tzmofficial 1:00:49
1:00:52

that can be towed off the coast of Africa or India.

tzmofficial 1:00:52
1:00:55

Instead of sending building materials out there

tzmofficial 1:00:55
1:00:59

and building a hospital, then shipping the equipment out there.

tzmofficial 1:00:59
1:01:02

It's much easier to build a floating hospital

tzmofficial 1:01:02
1:01:05

tow it off the coast of Africa, use it

tzmofficial 1:01:05
1:01:07

and by the time the new hospitals are assembled there

tzmofficial 1:01:08
1:01:10

you can then move this to another region

tzmofficial 1:01:10
1:01:13

float it to another region.

tzmofficial 1:01:15
1:01:18

Most of the cities will be constructed in dry-docks

tzmofficial 1:01:18
1:01:21

by automated systems.

tzmofficial 1:01:23
1:01:25

After it's complete and the flood-locks are open

tzmofficial 1:01:25
1:01:31

and it fills with water and there are units that looks like tugboats

tzmofficial 1:01:31
1:01:36

that deliver the cities to their site where they will be located.

tzmofficial 1:01:36
1:01:39

Some will house as many as a million people;

tzmofficial 1:01:39
1:01:44

a series of cities in close proximity, joined together

tzmofficial 1:01:44
1:01:48

by transport systems, that is, tunnels either under the water

tzmofficial 1:01:50
1:01:53

or above-the-water bridges.

tzmofficial 1:02:01
1:02:03

This is an aerial view

tzmofficial 1:02:03
1:02:08

of one of the many variations of cities in the sea.

tzmofficial 1:02:08
1:02:12

The towers are used for residential occupation.

tzmofficial 1:02:12
1:02:14

The docks surrounding the cities

tzmofficial 1:02:14
1:02:18

are used for marine exploration and redevelopment.

tzmofficial 1:02:19
1:02:23

In other words, to restore the reefs, the damaged reefs.

tzmofficial 1:02:23
1:02:27

The unit in the center is used for hydroponic gardens;

tzmofficial 1:02:27
1:02:30

growing of food without soil.

tzmofficial 1:02:37
1:02:39

Many of the cities in the sea

tzmofficial 1:02:39
1:02:43

will have docking facilities for marine vehicles.

tzmofficial 1:02:43
1:02:46

That means it'll be like an underwater bus

tzmofficial 1:02:46
1:02:50

that would take people around to visit the different areas.

tzmofficial 1:02:50
1:02:53

You'll be able get a very good picture of the ocean

tzmofficial 1:02:53
1:02:59

and how we harness it and use it and preserve it and protect it

tzmofficial 1:02:59
1:03:03

so that future generations might enjoy the oceans, also.

tzmofficial 1:03:07
1:03:10

This projects above one of the cities under the sea

tzmofficial 1:03:10
1:03:15

with an observation platform and a landing platform on the upper deck.

tzmofficial 1:03:17
1:03:20

At the sea level there'll be a floating dock system

tzmofficial 1:03:20
1:03:24

that moves with the tide, up and down so boats can dock.

tzmofficial 1:03:24
1:03:28

Then you enter an elevator shaft, which goes to an airlock.

tzmofficial 1:03:28
1:03:32

It takes you to the bottom of the sea, or the sea bed.

tzmofficial 1:03:32
1:03:37

The sea bed is used for observation of reefs and marine life.

tzmofficial 1:03:37
1:03:41

Not only do they monitor the reefs, they restore the reefs

tzmofficial 1:03:41
1:03:44

and change them, rebuild them or redesign them.

tzmofficial 1:03:44
1:03:48

Some day we will be able to control the shape, configuration of reefs

tzmofficial 1:03:49
1:03:51

so they can support more marine life.

tzmofficial 1:03:51
1:03:54

I think humans can add to nature

tzmofficial 1:03:54
1:03:58

and improve it considerably. What will that mean?

tzmofficial 1:03:58
1:04:01

It'll mean a higher standard of living for all people.

tzmofficial 1:04:14
1:04:17

(Meadows) When he draws these buildings and designs

tzmofficial 1:04:17
1:04:21

he thinks about how they go together, how they're manufactured.

tzmofficial 1:04:22
1:04:25

Some of the drawings I have seen have gone back about 60 years

tzmofficial 1:04:25
1:04:28

and they're just beginning to talk about

tzmofficial 1:04:28
1:04:31

some of these things now as being a possibility.

tzmofficial 1:04:32
1:04:34

You know, in the past people would say: "You'd never be able

tzmofficial 1:04:34
1:04:37

to get to the moon, not in a thousand years!"

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1:04:40

And they'd look up the next day and they're going to the moon.

tzmofficial 1:04:41
1:04:43

You know, when I first met Jacque 25 years ago and he would talk

tzmofficial 1:04:43
1:04:47

to some people about certain inventions

tzmofficial 1:04:47
1:04:51

they'd say, "You won't see that... not in a thousand years!"

tzmofficial 1:04:51
1:04:56

And, ten years later, they'd come out with it on the cover of Popular Science.

tzmofficial 1:05:01
1:05:04

The whole basis of the technology is to maintain

tzmofficial 1:05:04
1:05:08

a high standard of living. Technology is not worth anything

tzmofficial 1:05:08
1:05:11

unless it improves people's lives.

tzmofficial 1:05:12
1:05:14

Today, people are afraid of science and technology

tzmofficial 1:05:14
1:05:17

because it's so abusive today in so many ways.

tzmofficial 1:05:17
1:05:19

But it's not science and it's not the technology

tzmofficial 1:05:20
1:05:24

we should be wary of, it's the abuse and the misuse of science.

tzmofficial 1:05:24
1:05:27

You can take a rocket and you can shoot it

tzmofficial 1:05:27
1:05:30

into space and explore outer space

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1:05:33

or you can take it and use it as a bomb and destroy another country.

tzmofficial 1:05:34
1:05:37

It's really the inanimate object

tzmofficial 1:05:38
1:05:41

really, is in our hands, and what we do with it.

tzmofficial 1:05:42
1:05:47

Science is really the ability to predict the next most probable.

tzmofficial 1:05:47
1:05:49

That's what the real meaning of science is:

tzmofficial 1:05:49
1:05:53

gaining the ability to predict the next most probable.

tzmofficial 1:05:54
1:05:57

When we talk about science, we're talking about a method

tzmofficial 1:05:57
1:06:01

of looking at a situation, a method of evaluation

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1:06:03

that differs from the opinionated system.

tzmofficial 1:06:04
1:06:06

"If you ask me, I'll tell you!"

tzmofficial 1:06:06
1:06:11

The scientific method has no special connection to truth.

tzmofficial 1:06:11
1:06:14

It really has a better way of looking at things

tzmofficial 1:06:15
1:06:17

than the earlier systems

tzmofficial 1:06:17
1:06:20

where everything was attributed to gods or demons.

tzmofficial 1:06:21
1:06:25

(Gazecki) This is where we get into applying the scientific method to society.

tzmofficial 1:06:25
1:06:29

-Yes. This is not in a book yet.

tzmofficial 1:06:29
1:06:31

The scientific method applied to society

tzmofficial 1:06:31
1:06:34

is something people don't think about much.

tzmofficial 1:06:34
1:06:37

But if you want to know about where the answers may lie

tzmofficial 1:06:37
1:06:41

it is in the application of the methods of science

tzmofficial 1:06:41
1:06:45

with human concern and environmental concern.

tzmofficial 1:06:45
1:06:47

The Future by Design refers to

tzmofficial 1:06:47
1:06:51

the application of the methods of science. Not scientists

tzmofficial 1:06:51
1:06:54

the methods of science to the social system.

tzmofficial 1:06:54
1:06:57

Naturally, even the methods of science undergo change.

tzmofficial 1:06:58
1:07:01

As they change, so would the future.

tzmofficial 1:07:01
1:07:05

If we use the scientific method throughout the world

tzmofficial 1:07:05
1:07:08

the probability of war drops to zero.

tzmofficial 1:07:08
1:07:11

The probability of human suffering disappears.

tzmofficial 1:07:12
1:07:14

Deprivation, poverty, crime...

tzmofficial 1:07:15
1:07:19

all those things tend to disappear, because there's no basis for it.

tzmofficial 1:07:26
1:07:29

(Meadows) Jacque spent a lot of time...before studying people

tzmofficial 1:07:29
1:07:33

he started studying how animals behave

tzmofficial 1:07:33
1:07:37

and how to change or predict the behavior of animals

tzmofficial 1:07:37
1:07:41

and came to the conclusion that it's really the environment

tzmofficial 1:07:41
1:07:45

that changes behavior and enables us to behave the way we do.

tzmofficial 1:07:45
1:07:51

We're not born with prejudice and bigotry and anger and greed.

tzmofficial 1:07:51
1:07:55

It's really generated and nurtured by the environment that we live in.

tzmofficial 1:07:55
1:07:58

That's why we feel that unless you change your environment

tzmofficial 1:07:58
1:08:03

and change the experiences, we'll get the same aberrant behavior

tzmofficial 1:08:03
1:08:06

within people, unless the environment is changed.

tzmofficial 1:08:12
1:08:15

(Fresco) Any culture in the world today

tzmofficial 1:08:15
1:08:18

tries to educate people

tzmofficial 1:08:18
1:08:22

so they'll serve a function in that particular culture.

tzmofficial 1:08:22
1:08:24

In other words, if you're brought up in a Nazi culture

tzmofficial 1:08:24
1:08:28

the flag waving and the swastika are the kinds of things they put forth.

tzmofficial 1:08:28
1:08:31

If you're brought up in a primitive tribe

tzmofficial 1:08:31
1:08:33

handling the javelin and the bow and arrow

tzmofficial 1:08:33
1:08:35

will be the kind of thing that you will be exposed to.

tzmofficial 1:08:36
1:08:38

People are conditioned to serve

tzmofficial 1:08:38
1:08:42

the interests of an established culture.

tzmofficial 1:08:42
1:08:46

Who does that to us? The owners of the institutions:

tzmofficial 1:08:46
1:08:49

The establishment. They give us a value system

tzmofficial 1:08:49
1:08:52

that would support existing structures

tzmofficial 1:08:52
1:08:57

whether it be religious, non-religious, industrial, military...

tzmofficial 1:08:57
1:09:00

When children say, you know, "Daddy, what's the greatest country in the world?"

tzmofficial 1:09:00
1:09:03

"Of course our country is the greatest country in the world."

tzmofficial 1:09:03
1:09:06

"Which god is the right god, Daddy?" "Our god.

tzmofficial 1:09:06
1:09:08

All the other gods are false gods."

tzmofficial 1:09:08
1:09:13

Picture this: a Roman family taking its kids to see the Christians

tzmofficial 1:09:13
1:09:15

being fed to the lions. And the kids are watching

tzmofficial 1:09:15
1:09:19

"Dad, can we come next week to see Christians being fed to lions?"

tzmofficial 1:09:19
1:09:22

Are these kids sick? No! Their value system is distorted.

tzmofficial 1:09:23
1:09:26

So, I'm strictly concerned with the environment

tzmofficial 1:09:26
1:09:29

that people are reared in, raised in.

tzmofficial 1:09:29
1:09:33

And if that environment is altered, so will behavior be altered.

tzmofficial 1:09:34
1:09:37

You reorient the environment and that in turn reorients people.

tzmofficial 1:09:38
1:09:42

But if you reorient people without

tzmofficial 1:09:42
1:09:45

touching the environment, it'll slip back.

tzmofficial 1:09:45
1:09:49

So, when you try to think about the future, remember this:

tzmofficial 1:09:49
1:09:52

the process with which you think about things

tzmofficial 1:09:52
1:09:56

is based upon indoctrination, what you're given by your society.

tzmofficial 1:09:56
1:09:59

Your range of thought is limited

tzmofficial 1:09:59
1:10:02

by the dominant values of your society.

tzmofficial 1:10:02
1:10:07

Learning to be flexible in values takes a long time.

tzmofficial 1:10:08
1:10:10

In talking to kids, when I was very young

tzmofficial 1:10:11
1:10:15

I had to be very patient with them if I were to make any progress.

tzmofficial 1:10:15
1:10:17

I talked about the concept of god:

tzmofficial 1:10:17
1:10:20

your concept of god, my concept of god, and his concept of god.

tzmofficial 1:10:21
1:10:24

So different... I wonder what God is really like.

tzmofficial 1:10:24
1:10:27

Or, if there is a god, for that matter.

tzmofficial 1:10:27
1:10:31

And why would god permit war and disease if he's all-loving?

tzmofficial 1:10:31
1:10:34

It didn't make sense to me...too many clashes.

tzmofficial 1:10:34
1:10:36

I questioned that.

tzmofficial 1:10:36
1:10:39

Of course, I felt a little uncomfortable

tzmofficial 1:10:39
1:10:42

during questioning the concept of god.

tzmofficial 1:10:42
1:10:46

But then, reading about the history and evolution

tzmofficial 1:10:46
1:10:48

of gods. There were many different gods:

tzmofficial 1:10:49
1:10:51

the god of war, the god of peace, the god of love...

tzmofficial 1:10:51
1:10:54

Which was more like the people that invented them.

tzmofficial 1:10:54
1:10:58

They behaved, they got angry, they made sacrifices

tzmofficial 1:10:58
1:11:02

they created floods when they didn't like the way things were going.

tzmofficial 1:11:02
1:11:06

And this did not come through as superior intelligence.

tzmofficial 1:11:06
1:11:10

Primitive people, going back in time, when they saw lightning

tzmofficial 1:11:10
1:11:15

they thought that the deity was angry. Why else would it not occur?

tzmofficial 1:11:15
1:11:19

When a hurricane swept the land, they got rid of certain people

tzmofficial 1:11:19
1:11:22

in their tribe as a sacrifice, hoping that the gods

tzmofficial 1:11:22
1:11:24

would not produce a second hurricane.

tzmofficial 1:11:24
1:11:27

However, if it did occur again

tzmofficial 1:11:27
1:11:29

then they sacrificed some of the younger people.

tzmofficial 1:11:29
1:11:32

Rarely would the chief sacrifice himself

tzmofficial 1:11:32
1:11:35

but he's always got a line of people, ready to sacrifice.

tzmofficial 1:11:35
1:11:38

So, you have that problem with human beings.

tzmofficial 1:11:39
1:11:41

Anything that occurs beyond their comprehension

tzmofficial 1:11:42
1:11:44

they have to invent an excuse for.

tzmofficial 1:11:44
1:11:47

They have to create gods and demons

tzmofficial 1:11:47
1:11:50

to account for things, because people come

tzmofficial 1:11:50
1:11:52

to the leadership of that community.

tzmofficial 1:11:52
1:11:54

No matter how primitive the tribe, they say:

tzmofficial 1:11:54
1:11:58

"How come bad wind blow people off island?"

tzmofficial 1:11:58
1:12:01

The guy says "You not behave good!

tzmofficial 1:12:01
1:12:04

You not make not enough contribution to volcano!

tzmofficial 1:12:05
1:12:09

Throw your brother-in-law into volcano, maybe it doesn't erupt then."

tzmofficial 1:12:09
1:12:11

So, if you throw your brother-in-law into the volcano

tzmofficial 1:12:11
1:12:14

and it still erupts, you have to throw your sister-in-law in.

tzmofficial 1:12:14
1:12:17

So you get metaphysics. You get religion.

tzmofficial 1:12:17
1:12:20

You get superstition "Knock wood".

tzmofficial 1:12:20
1:12:22

Or you wear a rabbit's foot. Just remember

tzmofficial 1:12:23
1:12:26

that the rabbit had four of them; didn't do him any good.

tzmofficial 1:12:27
1:12:30

So, on down the line, superstition prevails

tzmofficial 1:12:30
1:12:32

wherever ignorance prevails.

tzmofficial 1:12:33
1:12:36

Myth is a way of saying to the little guy

tzmofficial 1:12:36
1:12:39

working out there in the field when he says

tzmofficial 1:12:39
1:12:42

"What does all this amount to? I never seem to be getting anywhere."

tzmofficial 1:12:43
1:12:47

"When you kick the bucket everything is there for you.

tzmofficial 1:12:47
1:12:50

If you don't get it in this life you'll get it in the next

tzmofficial 1:12:50
1:12:52

if you remain good."

tzmofficial 1:12:52
1:12:55

The amount of superstition that a culture can absorb

tzmofficial 1:12:55
1:13:00

would be directly proportionate to the amount of information people have.

tzmofficial 1:13:00
1:13:03

So, in the future, with adequate supply of information

tzmofficial 1:13:04
1:13:06

more than that which is given today

tzmofficial 1:13:07
1:13:09

considerably more, you don't have

tzmofficial 1:13:09
1:13:13

"knock wood. Today's my lucky day. When your number's up, it's up."

tzmofficial 1:13:13
1:13:16

All that will disappear in the future.

tzmofficial 1:13:16
1:13:19

I look at this as everything he's doing

tzmofficial 1:13:19
1:13:22

as being the utmost in spirituality.

tzmofficial 1:13:23
1:13:27

Instead of looking for a better world later after you die,

tzmofficial 1:13:27
1:13:30

it's really building the types of things that all religious teachings

tzmofficial 1:13:31
1:13:33

talk about here on Earth.

tzmofficial 1:13:33
1:13:35

We don't have to wait until we die for that.

tzmofficial 1:13:36
1:13:38

We can confront our problems today and not wait

tzmofficial 1:13:38
1:13:42

for the Messiah to come with the white robe and change things

tzmofficial 1:13:42
1:13:45

or not wait until we all go to heaven at a certain time

tzmofficial 1:13:45
1:13:47

or those believers that go to heaven at a certain time.

tzmofficial 1:13:48
1:13:50

We can deal with the problems today.

tzmofficial 1:13:50
1:13:53

For instance, in a religion

tzmofficial 1:13:54
1:13:56

they put things on the will of god.

tzmofficial 1:13:56
1:14:00

If there's an accident it's the will of god.

tzmofficial 1:14:00
1:14:04

And it stops you from thinking. It stops you from being innovative.

tzmofficial 1:14:04
1:14:07

It stops you from thinking about "Well, how do we redesign

tzmofficial 1:14:07
1:14:11

the transportation system so we don't have those problems anymore?"

tzmofficial 1:14:11
1:14:14

So, he's worked with priests, and he's worked with religious people

tzmofficial 1:14:14
1:14:18

and kind of expanded their horizons a bit so they can be more creative.

tzmofficial 1:14:18
1:14:22

They look at the environment that shapes people's behavior

tzmofficial 1:14:22
1:14:25

and they don't call them "good" or "bad" anymore, they think about

tzmofficial 1:14:25
1:14:27

shaping the environment

tzmofficial 1:14:27
1:14:30

to get more constructive behavior.

tzmofficial 1:14:33
1:14:36

(Fresco) If you were to ask me to redesign the world

tzmofficial 1:14:36
1:14:39

and the way people live. First thing I would have to do

tzmofficial 1:14:39
1:14:42

is to conduct a survey to find what we have

tzmofficial 1:14:42
1:14:44

how much water we have

tzmofficial 1:14:45
1:14:47

how much people we have, how much arable land area.

tzmofficial 1:14:47
1:14:52

After I know that, then I can base the parameters of design

tzmofficial 1:14:52
1:14:53

on what we have.

tzmofficial 1:14:54
1:14:58

What you really need is an understanding of the Earth's resources

tzmofficial 1:14:58
1:15:03

by agronomists, geologists, geophysicists; people who study the Earth.

tzmofficial 1:15:03
1:15:06

They don't give you their opinion. They say

tzmofficial 1:15:07
1:15:09

"There's more life in the Antarctic." That's not an opinion.

tzmofficial 1:15:09
1:15:13

That's a finding. So, in the future, no more opinions.

tzmofficial 1:15:13
1:15:15

"Do you have information in this area?" "No, I don't."

tzmofficial 1:15:16
1:15:17

"Good! Here's where you might get it."

tzmofficial 1:15:18
1:15:21

Or "Here's how you might go about finding out."

tzmofficial 1:15:21
1:15:25

So I'm saying, "All people need clean air

tzmofficial 1:15:25
1:15:27

clean water, arable land

tzmofficial 1:15:27
1:15:30

and a good relationship of language."

tzmofficial 1:15:30
1:15:34

So, I'm not superimposing Fresco's concepts.

tzmofficial 1:15:34
1:15:37

I'm using the Earth as the measure.

tzmofficial 1:15:38
1:15:41

In other words, we have to live in accordance

tzmofficial 1:15:41
1:15:43

with the carrying capacity of the Earth.

tzmofficial 1:15:43
1:15:47

Does that make sense? - Yes, sir, it does. I keep wondering

tzmofficial 1:15:47
1:15:51

about how drastic a social change this is

tzmofficial 1:15:51
1:15:55

and how totally different our world would be

tzmofficial 1:15:55
1:15:57

and, yeah, how do you get - from here to there?

tzmofficial 1:15:57
1:16:00

- people to accept it, yeah. - Okay, here's how we do it.

tzmofficial 1:16:00
1:16:03

Eventually, all decision-making

tzmofficial 1:16:03
1:16:07

will be transferred to machines. First, people say

tzmofficial 1:16:07
1:16:10

"Well, now, I don't know that I'd like machines making decisions."

tzmofficial 1:16:10
1:16:13

First of all, that's what a scale does. If you go to a butcher shop

tzmofficial 1:16:14
1:16:16

the butcher says "The chicken weighs six pounds."

tzmofficial 1:16:16
1:16:20

Since you're buying it, you say: "that doesn't look like six pounds to me!"

tzmofficial 1:16:20
1:16:23

So you grab it and say "I think it weighs about four" because you're tense

tzmofficial 1:16:23
1:16:26

to think to weigh less. Then the scale came in

tzmofficial 1:16:26
1:16:28

and we assigned decision making to the scale.

tzmofficial 1:16:29
1:16:31

Is that right? - Yes, sir. - So, so do pilots.

tzmofficial 1:16:31
1:16:34

When they fly, "I think I'm a mile and a half high."

tzmofficial 1:16:34
1:16:36

They look at an instrument, and it tells them they're

tzmofficial 1:16:36
1:16:39

4,203 feet off the ground.

tzmofficial 1:16:40
1:16:44

So, that is decision made by machine

tzmofficial 1:16:44
1:16:48

because the decision-making by the machine is far more accurate.

tzmofficial 1:16:48
1:16:50

Now, the question normal people ask is

tzmofficial 1:16:50
1:16:53

"Yes, but can machine be smarter than the designer?"

tzmofficial 1:16:53
1:16:56

Well, I know a little guy that designed a machine

tzmofficial 1:16:56
1:17:00

to pick up a freight train and empty it. Now, he can't do that.

tzmofficial 1:17:00
1:17:03

Machines are always faster than the designer.

tzmofficial 1:17:03
1:17:06

You ever see a coke bottle machine move on the line?

tzmofficial 1:17:06
1:17:09

The designer, he can't move those bottles.

tzmofficial 1:17:09
1:17:12

What is happening in our societies? We are automating

tzmofficial 1:17:12
1:17:16

more and more decision-making and assigning it to machines.

tzmofficial 1:17:16
1:17:20

Picture a department of agriculture as a setup of computers

tzmofficial 1:17:20
1:17:23

with electrical wiring into the soil.

tzmofficial 1:17:24
1:17:27

So, if the water table drops, that pumps water out there.

tzmofficial 1:17:28
1:17:31

If the nutrients change it pumps nutrients. You don't need a guy

tzmofficial 1:17:31
1:17:35

out there saying "Mr. President, we have a drought out here!"

tzmofficial 1:17:35
1:17:38

And the President says "How bad is it?"

tzmofficial 1:17:38
1:17:41

"Well, there are 5,000 homeless, and in the next three days

tzmofficial 1:17:41
1:17:44

there'll be 15,000 homeless."

tzmofficial 1:17:44
1:17:47

So, the President says, "Hmm." So he flies over

tzmofficial 1:17:48
1:17:52

and he says "Yes, you do have a drought." So what?

tzmofficial 1:17:52
1:17:55

When you connect up the country, all the computers

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1:17:57

to production, distribution, agriculture

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1:18:00

you have a nervous system

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1:18:03

which maintains dynamic equilibrium

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1:18:07

in production and distribution of goods and services, without money.

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1:18:10

The government is right above your head there

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1:18:13

if you can turn around to see it. It looks like the globe.

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1:18:18

That globe there makes all the decisions, because it's connected!

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1:18:22

We have satellites around the Earth that project a hologram

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1:18:24

a virtual image of the Earth.

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1:18:28

So you're looking at the real Earth, in real time.

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1:18:31

So you walk over to the image screens and you talk. You say

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1:18:34

"How many planes are in the air at this instant?"

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1:18:40

The computer will hit a laser spot all over the world and tell you: "7320".

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1:18:42

Every plane in the air, every hurricane

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1:18:46

all the conditions all over the Earth... plant diseases...

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1:18:48

No human can do that.

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1:18:51

So we don't need people in government. We need electronics

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1:18:54

in the field, production, distribution, weather...

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1:18:58

So we can look, come at home and find out anything we want to know

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1:19:02

without opinions based on folk-say, or folksy ways.

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1:19:07

(Gazecki) The Future by Design is a self-regulated society

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1:19:11

governed by a cybernated system of supply and demand.

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1:19:14

Political systems are replaced by tabulating

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1:19:17

the input of information from the general population

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1:19:20

and delivering goods and services accordingly.

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1:19:23

The economic system is similarly based

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1:19:26

upon the use of all available resources

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1:19:29

in meeting the needs of the entire culture.

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1:19:32

(Meadows) When there's a depression or a dip in the economy

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1:19:34

and a lot of people don't have money to buy things

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1:19:38

there are still goods out there. There's still the ability to produce them.

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1:19:41

There's still the resources, there's the farms

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1:19:43

and people want to work and make things

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1:19:46

but they don't have the money, they can't buy things.

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1:19:49

So there's something terribly wrong out there, we have

tzmofficial 1:19:49
1:19:53

a great deal of the Earth's population starving and suffering

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1:19:57

and the resources are there. Our ability to produce is there.

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1:20:01

Our ingenuity is there. Yet, some people have a lot

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1:20:03

and others don't have anything.

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1:20:07

Today, that's really shameful with our technology.

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1:20:11

It's really very, very abusive and absurd

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1:20:14

because we have all the technology today

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1:20:17

to produce abundance all over the world for everyone.

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1:20:22

People always ask, "How much will it cost to put up these new cities?"

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1:20:24

Do we have the resources to do it?

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1:20:26

That's the question, not, "How much does it cost?"

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1:20:30

That's the old question during a monetary system.

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1:20:34

Money is an invention of convenience

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1:20:36

for purchasing goods and services

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1:20:39

in a scarcity environment. If there's a scarcity

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1:20:44

say, of water, it is prized, and its price is high.

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1:20:47

If we find an abundant suddenly the earth opens up

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1:20:52

and an abundant supply of fresh water fills every ravine

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1:20:54

then nobody cares.

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1:20:57

There's only a policeman in front of something

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1:20:59

that people have need for

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1:21:03

and don't have access to, so you put a guard there.

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1:21:06

But if lemon trees or orange trees and apple trees

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1:21:09

grew all over the place, you couldn't sell it.

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1:21:15

Imagine, if you will, if you can, an island of 10,000 people

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1:21:19

with $10 billion on the island available.

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1:21:23

No resources, no arable land, no water

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1:21:26

no fish, you have nothing.

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1:21:29

So what is the real value in the future?

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1:21:32

Resources.

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1:21:37

Now, in a non-monetary based society, a resource-based society

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1:21:41

people have access to anything that they need

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1:21:43

somewhat like the public library.

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1:21:48

They can go down and access a camera, or a bicycle, or a wristwatch.

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1:21:53

Anything that they need is available, without a price tag.

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1:21:57

That would mean we must achieve a level of production

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1:22:01

that's so high that scarcity no longer exists.

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1:22:04

Many people wonder what would drive people

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1:22:07

if they have access to all their needs.

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1:22:10

What would happen to incentive? What will motivate people?

tzmofficial 1:22:11
1:22:14

Or, something gained, what's the gain?

tzmofficial 1:22:14
1:22:17

Although the gain is that materials are available

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1:22:22

what will motivate them on to do better than what they have?

tzmofficial 1:22:22
1:22:25

Need. We will always lack.

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1:22:28

And the fact that we will always lack meaning

tzmofficial 1:22:29
1:22:31

that we cannot achieve perfection

tzmofficial 1:22:31
1:22:35

we cannot achieve truly dynamic equilibrium

tzmofficial 1:22:35
1:22:38

we will always be in some form of disequilibrium.

tzmofficial 1:22:39
1:22:43

With the elimination of scarcity the essential incentives change

tzmofficial 1:22:43
1:22:46

toward problem solving, in general.

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1:22:51

When nations or groups of people do not have access to resources

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1:22:54

their behavior is difficult to manage.

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1:22:59

It becomes aberrant, they lose their mental equilibrium

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1:23:02

they cannot arrive at appropriate conclusions.

tzmofficial 1:23:02
1:23:05

Once people are free, mentally

tzmofficial 1:23:05
1:23:09

of debt, obligation, servitude

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1:23:12

then they can seek new horizons

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1:23:16

that they've never even dreamt possible before.

tzmofficial 1:23:20
1:23:24

(Gazecki) The core mechanism of democratic process in the Future by Design

tzmofficial 1:23:24
1:23:27

is the use of public exhibition halls.

tzmofficial 1:23:27
1:23:31

With the exhibition hall, everyone has the opportunity to participate

tzmofficial 1:23:31
1:23:35

in establishing the priorities with which the society is governed.

tzmofficial 1:23:37
1:23:42

-So, just like a world fair, to show you what's new, what is available

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1:23:45

you look around and say, "I'd like one of those"

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1:23:49

or, "I can use that sort of thing in my kitchen." Whatever it is.

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1:23:53

And then they always invite comment, or something new comes up

tzmofficial 1:23:53
1:23:55

"What do you think about it? Do you feel it's efficient?

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1:23:59

Do you feel there's shortcomings? Enter into your computer

tzmofficial 1:23:59
1:24:05

your point of view regarding this, so you have a built-in democracy.

tzmofficial 1:24:05
1:24:09

You have a participatory culture where all people participate

tzmofficial 1:24:10
1:24:12

and that is in a constant process, so that people

tzmofficial 1:24:12
1:24:16

will know up to the minute what is coming out

tzmofficial 1:24:16
1:24:19

what exists, what is available, what is not available.

tzmofficial 1:24:20
1:24:24

In other words, there'll be many bulletins and many publications

tzmofficial 1:24:24
1:24:26

and visualizations of what is needed.

tzmofficial 1:24:27
1:24:29

So, all the world's people will be informed constantly

tzmofficial 1:24:29
1:24:32

of what we don't know, what is needed badly

tzmofficial 1:24:32
1:24:36

and asking for suggestions and papers

tzmofficial 1:24:36
1:24:38

and ideas from everybody.

tzmofficial 1:24:41
1:24:44

I just want to say this to you, that all the marvels

tzmofficial 1:24:44
1:24:48

and wonders of technology can amount to nothing

tzmofficial 1:24:48
1:24:51

unless it elevates humans to their highest potential.

tzmofficial 1:24:52
1:24:55

This is the aim of the Future by Design.

tzmofficial 1:25:13
1:25:18

(Meadows) Jacque continues to invent everyday, to invent, to write, to work.

tzmofficial 1:25:18
1:25:23

He has a zest for life that keeps him going and keeps him working.

tzmofficial 1:25:23
1:25:26

And he's interested in things. He's interested in

tzmofficial 1:25:26
1:25:29

what happens out there and how this will play out

tzmofficial 1:25:29
1:25:32

and how it'll turn out, while very much wanting

tzmofficial 1:25:32
1:25:37

to introduce this direction to the world. So that's his prime focus.

tzmofficial 1:25:37
1:25:40

And he does that in every way he can by actually showing

tzmofficial 1:25:40
1:25:43

it's not enough to just tell what the future will be like, but just

tzmofficial 1:25:43
1:25:45

to show what people are missing.

tzmofficial 1:25:45
1:25:48

He keeps coming up with new ideas, new inventions

tzmofficial 1:25:48
1:25:51

new designs, improves what he has

tzmofficial 1:25:51
1:25:55

represents them better, makes more models, makes more videos.

tzmofficial 1:25:55
1:25:59

He's relentless at trying to get these ideas out.

tzmofficial 1:25:59
1:26:04

I think he fears where society is now. It's not acceptable to him.

tzmofficial 1:26:04
1:26:09

But, instead of just complaining, he wants to propose an alternative.

tzmofficial 1:26:09
1:26:12

When people say "Are you trying to build a perfect society?"

tzmofficial 1:26:12
1:26:15

I have no notions of a perfect society. I don't know what that means.

tzmofficial 1:26:16
1:26:19

I know we can do much better than what we've got.

tzmofficial 1:26:19
1:26:20

I'm no Utopian.

tzmofficial 1:26:20
1:26:22

I'm not a humanist who would like to see

tzmofficial 1:26:22
1:26:25

everybody living in warmth and harmony.

tzmofficial 1:26:25
1:26:28

I know that, if we don't live that way, we'll kill each other

tzmofficial 1:26:28
1:26:32

and destroy the Earth. We're a crude form of life right now

tzmofficial 1:26:32
1:26:36

in the evolutionary stages. Our civilization...

tzmofficial 1:26:36
1:26:38

really we're not even civilized yet.

tzmofficial 1:26:39
1:26:41

So, after the world joins together

tzmofficial 1:26:41
1:26:46

and we are through with military systems, prisons, torture

tzmofficial 1:26:46
1:26:50

hunger, poverty, deprivation. When that is gone

tzmofficial 1:26:50
1:26:53

that'll be the beginning of the civilized world.

tzmofficial 1:26:53
1:26:55

We are not there yet.